Q1What identity is beingconstructed for theBritish youths shown inthis coverage?
„Many rioters conceded that their involvement inlooting was simply down to opportunism, sayingthat a perceived suspension of normal rulespresented them with an opportunity to acquiregoods and luxury items they could not ordinarilyafford. They often described the riots as achance to obtain "free stuff" or sought to justifythe theft.‟ "Gangs of masked kids popping up everywhere," „I leaned against a wall to tweet and was suddenly almost knocked over by three youths riding the pavement on their bikes, their faces concealed by scarves.‟ "These kids should be back in their yards," „A teenage girl was giving them verbal abuse, and then a crowd had gathered round and an officer bellowed to a colleague by the vans to "Get the NATOs out" - riot helmets. "You should tear gas their asses," my friend advised a nearby group of constables. They grinned, noncommittally.‟ „smashed shops, blazing cars, kids hurling things at cops.‟ http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/davehillblog/2 011/aug/09/at-home-with-the-london- riots?INTCMP=SRCH
Q2 How is the newspaper coverage being mediated?
The perspective To begin with The Guardian was covering current storied that had happened the previous night. The views and concerns expressed from this we5re then mediated to the world and those reading the paper. The first article explains an event, showing images of The Carpetright shop on Tottenham High Road, north London, in the early hours of Sunday morning. „The 1930s building was gutted by the blaze.‟ From this image the idea of a loss it portrayed, the extent of the fires and riots has been mediated to an audience reading this paper. This emphasises the extend of fires during the rioting period. The text provides the audience to empathise with the owner of the Carpetright Store as he explains his trauma of loosing this store which has been standing for many many years. To an audience, they are only seeing the perspective of the victim here. A middle class working man, who has lost a great deal. This enables them to empathise with the victim through the mediation of his distress.
The levels of mediationThe opening statement given The class who are As an audience, we are forced looting are seen toin the article acts as a story, to believe all we are told by be unrepresented,providing a view point from a this middle class man, wither they do not have aperson who had a first hand the story be factual or voice, thereforeexperience of the London fabricated. cannot defendRiots themselves or provide a reasonThis statement for their actions.would be seen as „Night. The smell of smoke, and angry young menfactual from anaudience moving with makeshift weapons. There are carsperspective and and buildings ablaze and the threat of violence.therefore believed Ive been here before, so many times. But notas the actual truth. like this. For years, I have been confronted byis them mediated such scenes like this abroad: Africa, the Middleacross to readerswho would view East and the Balkans. But last week it was on mythe events from own high street in Tottenham, a seven-minutethe same walk from where I live.‟perspective. The article is seen to be written from the view point of From this mediation, the a well spoken middle class London riots are portrayed It is then mediated man. This also mediates only from those who were across to readers who across to a reader. effected and took no part in would view the events the disruption. The writer is from the same a victim and mediates a perspective. fear from walking down the street.
DURING THE RIOTS…The information wasmediated in a more sonegativeway…much like allnewspapers…onlyshowing the face valueeffects…BUT the guardianwasn‟t negative as mostnewspapers…
ALTHOUGH…The Daily Express went for amore personalised line:"Flaming morons". And TheGuardian was altogether morepedestrian, but less slantedthan its rivals, with "The battlefor London".
AFTER THE RIOTS…Unlike other newspapers the Guardianstudied WHY people took part in theriots…instead of just labelling them asanimalistic thugs…On the website you can access “READINGINTO THE RIOTS” which provides userswith information with the background intothe riots not just the face value effects…
Look at both sides….
Q3. What identity is being constructed for the British youth shown in this coverage/
The Front Cover The front cover has the biggest impact as it‟s the first we see about the article and gives the reader their first impressions. The image shows British youth stereotypically as they have chosen someone who is wearing a hoodie, tracksuit and a mask over their face. The picture makes us link the youth to the burning car in the background, which implies the newspaper is blaming the youth. It also shows that the youth are violent and dangerous which can create moral panic.
London Riots As we know the riots started because of the death of a 26 year old shot by police. In the articles by the Guardian, they explain why the riots started and how it was a peaceful protest, until the youth became involved. Although the protest started with people aged 26 onward (the victims family and family friends all joined the peaceful protest) the focus of the newspaper was on the youth and their connection with the riots.
Key points from article Eyewitness reports suggested some of the youths involved- who numbered between 150 and 300- were as young as 10.” - From this quote we can see from the start of the incident the youth were being targeted and blamed for the violence. “Large groups of youth congregated in the surrounding streets, armed with sticks, bottles and hammers. Some wore balaclavas and prevented cars from accessing streets as buildings were broken into. Other used large rubbish bins to create barricades across the road.” Now the article gives more description of the events which makes the audience more shocked about the youth as to why/how they could do all these violent things. This quote also says the youth wore balaclavas which helps us build up the identity of the youth.
Q4How did The Guardianreports progress throughthe riots?
6th August A bus, a shop and two An IPCC spokesman said that at patrol cars have been around 6.15pm on Thursday, set on fire officers from Trident, in Tottenham. An accompanied by officers from the estimated crowd of Specialist Firearms Command around 300 have (CO19), stopped a minicab to gathered and there carry out an arrest. have been reports of "Shots were fired and a 29-year- looting and shop old man, who was a passenger in windows being the cab, died at the scene," he smashed. said. It is believed that two shots were fired by a firearms officer, equipped with a Heckler & Koch MP5 carbine. A non-police issue handgun was recovered at the scene as well as the police radio.
7th AugustTottenham riot: very volatile situation contained, fornowScale of rioting much smaller than in 1985, but for two to threehours it looked like the police might lose controlTwenty six years on from the BroadwaterFarm riots Tottenham burned in fury againon Saturday night – 48 hours after thepolice had shot dead a man on the streetsin an apparent exchange of fire.Tottenham in flames as riot follows protest London disturbances - Sunday 7 August 2011 • 55 people arrested after violence in Tottenham • Disturbances spread to Enfield and Brixton • 26 police officers injured, Met warn of social media speculation • Duggan family condemn violence
Second night of violence in London – and this time it was 8th August organised There was mounting evidence on Sunday night that some of the second night of rioting in London was part of an orchestrated plan, as violent disturbances broke out sporadically across parts of the capital.Shortly after 8.30pm, a crowd of about 100 mainly teenage boysbroke into a jewellery store. When police arrived less than a minutelater, there were chaotic scenes, with a number of people struckwith batons and attacked by dogs.Doubts emerge over Duggan shooting as LondonburnsInitial ballistics tests suggest bullet lodged in officers radioduring incident in Tottenham was police issue Looting fuelled by social exclusion
Hackney rioters directly target police 9th AugustMasked men and women barricade Pembury estate inlargest confrontation of London riots yet In one of the most shocking incidents, a police officer in a solitary parked vehicle was attacked shortly before 9pm. His windscreen was entirely smashed as a young man scaled the roof and pounded down with a brick. Others attacked from the sides with sticks and bottles. London fire fighters stretched to breaking point by riot blazes The resources of Londons fire fighters were stretched to breaking point on Monday night by a series of large blazes causing tens of millions of pounds worth of damage. Rioters attacked at least three fire engine crews trying to tackle some of the incidents. Peckham riots: Looted fireworks hurled at policeShops were looted and stolen fireworks thrown at lines of riot police. Abus was set alight near Peckham fire station, as the areas mainshopping area descended into what locals described as a war zone
Who are the rioters? Young men from poor areas ... but thats not the full 10th August storyIn the broadest sense, most of thoseinvolved have been young men from poorareas. But the generalisation cannot gomuch further than that. It cant be saidthat they are largely from one racialgroup. Both young men and women havejoined in.UK riots: London in lockdown, but violenceflares across UKRiots and looting spread widely across England on Tuesday, with policewaging running battles with gangs in Greater Manchester, the WestMidlands and Nottingham, even as the biggest police deployment in UKhistory appeared to have at least temporarily quelled further significanttrouble in London.