History of Film


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History of Film

  1. 1. History of Film By Emma Waite
  2. 2. The history of film began in the 1880s when the first movie camera was invented. Most of the films up to 1930 were silent. The fist real film was Roundhay Garden scene and it was made by Louis Le Prince on October 14, 1888 in England. Louis and Auguste Lumière perfected the Cinèmatographe, an apparatus that took, printed and projected film. They gave their fist showing of the projected pictures to an audience in Paris in 1895.
  3. 3. The first Film http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yIGg_Kz THEc
  4. 4. The first public motion-picture film presentation in the world belonged to Max and Emil Skladanowsky of Berlin, who projected with their apparatus "Bioscop", a flickerfree duplex construction, November 1 through 31, 1895.
  5. 5. To enhance the viewers' experience, silent films were commonly joined by live musicians and sometimes sound effects and even commentary spoken by the showman. In most countries, intertitles came to be used to provide dialogue and narration for the film but in Japanese cinema human narration remained popular throughout the silent era. The technical problems were resolved by 1923.
  6. 6. By 1898, Georges Méliès was the largest producer of fiction films in France, and from this point onwards his output was almost entirely films featuring trick effects, which were very successful in all markets. The special popularity of his longer films, which were several minutes long from 1899 onwards Trip to the Moon was one of George Méliès one famous films.
  7. 7. The trip to the Moon http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_FrdVdK lxUk
  8. 8. The most important development in this area of special techniques occurred, arguably, in 1899, with the production of the short film Matches: An Appeal, a thirty-second long stop-motion animated piece intended to encourage the audience to send matches to British troops fighting the Boer War.
  9. 9. The best known of these filmmakers was Edwin S. Porter, who started making films for the Edison Company in 1901. When he began making longer films in 1902, he put a dissolve between every shot, just as Georges Méliès was already doing, and he frequently had the same action repeated across the dissolves.
  10. 10. 1906 saw the production of an Australian film called The Story of the Kelly Gang. The film ran for more than an hour, and was the longest narrative film yet seen in Australia, and the world.
  11. 11. The first colour film was produeced in 1902 by Edward Raymond Turner. And it was developed by George Albert Smith. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKG6U Gjl9rs