The history of film began in the 1880s when the first movie camera was
invented. Most of the films up to 1930 were silent. The fist real film was
Roundhay Garden scene and it was made by Louis Le Prince on October
14, 1888 in England. Louis and Auguste Lumière perfected the
Cinèmatographe, an apparatus that took, printed and projected film. They
gave their fist showing of the projected pictures to an audience in Paris in
The first public motion-picture film presentation in the world
belonged to Max and Emil Skladanowsky of Berlin, who
projected with their apparatus "Bioscop", a flickerfree
duplex construction, November 1 through 31, 1895.
To enhance the viewers' experience, silent films were
commonly joined by live musicians and sometimes sound
effects and even commentary spoken by the showman. In
most countries, intertitles came to be used to provide dialogue
and narration for the film but in Japanese cinema human
narration remained popular throughout the silent era. The
technical problems were resolved by 1923.
By 1898, Georges Méliès was the largest producer of fiction films
in France, and from this point onwards his output was almost
entirely films featuring trick effects, which were very successful in
all markets. The special popularity of his longer films, which were
several minutes long from 1899 onwards
Trip to the
Moon was one
The most important development in this area of special
techniques occurred, arguably, in 1899, with the production
of the short film Matches: An Appeal, a thirty-second long
stop-motion animated piece intended to encourage the
audience to send matches to British troops fighting the Boer
The best known of these filmmakers was Edwin S. Porter, who started
making films for the Edison Company in 1901. When he began making
longer films in 1902, he put a dissolve between every shot, just as
Georges Méliès was already doing, and he frequently had the same
action repeated across the dissolves.
1906 saw the production of an Australian film called
The Story of the Kelly Gang. The film ran for more
than an hour, and was the longest narrative film yet
seen in Australia, and the world.
The first colour film was produeced in 1902 by
Edward Raymond Turner. And it was developed
by George Albert Smith.