AGR CONFERENCE 2013 Is the shortage of stem women keeping you awake


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AGR CONFERENCE 2013 Is the shortage of stem women keeping you awake

  1. 1. Is the shortage of STEM women keeping you awake at night? Chris Phillips and Sandi Rhys-Jones OBE RhysJones
  2. 2. RhysJones • 3 x Exclusive “invitation only” technology careers event held in October and November • For high calibre, pre-screened female STEM undergraduates from top universities • Significant face to face engagement throughout the day between attendees and the employer representatives • Student data & CVs provided post event • Limited spaces remaining for employers Contact Kirsty Drummond for further details. 07772 020207
  3. 3. RhysJones Part One – What students think Chris Phillips, Research and Information Director, GTI Media Part Two – What can you do to make you sleep better at night? Sandi Rhys-Jones OBE
  4. 4. RhysJones STEM women undergraduate survey • Survey online for three weeks in May/June 2013 • Female undergraduates studying STEM subjects were invited to participate from database and female TARGETjobs events • 551 responses from a wide range of universities • The universities providing the most responses were: Edinburgh, Heriot-Watt, Birmingham, Manchester, UCL and Nottingham
  5. 5. RhysJones Degree Background • 30% life sciences • 20% engineering • 16% physical sciences • 14% computing/IT degrees • 12% medical science degrees • 4% civil/structural engineering and construction • 4% other subjects
  6. 6. RhysJones Graduation year 9% 13% 25% 30% 23% 2016 or later 2015 2014 2013 2012 or earlier
  7. 7. RhysJones Will you be applying (or have already applied) exclusively for jobs that are directly relevant to your STEM degree? 62% 27% 11% Yes Maybe Maybe not
  8. 8. RhysJones If you answered ‘maybe’ or ‘maybe not’ to the previous question…….Which of the following statements best describes your position? 25% 66% 8% I am fairly certain that I will be end up in a relevant STEM job but I am looking at alternatives I have an open mind and will look at everything that is available I definitely plan to look for a non-technical or non-scientific career
  9. 9. RhysJones If you answered ‘maybe’ or ‘maybe not’ to ‘Will you be applying (or have already applied) exclusively for jobs that are directly relevant to your STEM degree?’ For each of the following, can you indicate how seriously interested you would be in pursuing a career within these areas? 2 3 3 3 4 4 12 14 15 12 10 8 7 6 11 18 26 31 32 23 26 16 22 20 36 37 34 55 65 63 73 69 65 34 24 20 Retail Accountancy Banking or Insurance Investment Banking Law Armed forces or police Consulting Management Public sector and charities Seriously interested Interested Possibly interested No thanks Other: • Teaching • Marketing
  10. 10. RhysJones Do you have any of the following concerns about engineering, science or technical jobs? 21 32 46 41 51 44 42 33 43 34 35 26 21 16 15 Career progression The status of jobs/employers in this field That the work itself will not be interesting enough The level of starting salary compared with other careers The gender balance (ie joining a predominately male workplace) Not a concern Possibly a concern A big concern
  11. 11. RhysJones Do you think that STEM employers can make themselves more attractive to women applicants? 53% 47% No, they are doing the right things Yes, they could do more
  12. 12. RhysJones Which of the following statements do you agree with the most? Please select one only 36% 41% 16% 6% more than 80% around 50% around 30% fewer than 20% On my degree course what percentage of women are planning to use their degree knowledge directly in a career?
  13. 13. RhysJones • Women’s concerns about STEM careers: – Having to relocate/move every few years – Achieving a work/life balance suitable for their future families – Job security – Cost of studying for further qualifications • How can we encourage more women into STEM careers: – More encouragement at school – More work experience opportunities – Female role models would be helpful, preferably in senior positions – Women don’t want positive discrimination – Lack of confidence – support female personality traits – Explain qualities women bring to the work place that will enhance STEM companies – Need to be careful that STEM events encourage more women without alienating them
  14. 14. RhysJones Summary of survey • No evidence of widespread dissatisfaction with careers related to their degree • 38% of respondents may indeed look at other career areas but only 11% with any conviction • No evidence that they would rather work in the City • Just over half think that employers are doing the right things to promote themselves to women • But they do have concerns and they do have suggestions…
  15. 15. RhysJones Part Two - The menu • Who - a bit about me • Why - the business driver • Where - we are now • What - some companies are doing • How - you might do more
  16. 16. RhysJones Who In no particular order • Career in engineering, construction, technology • Speaker, trainer, facilitator • Non executive director • Wife, mother, grandmother • Mediator and arbitrator • Employer
  17. 17. RhysJones Why Between now and 2020, engineering companies need 87,000 people with engineering degrees Currently the UK produces 46,000 So we need to double the numbers – and start fishing from the whole pool. EngineeringUK 2013
  18. 18. RhysJones Why choose women? “Eight out of 10 women who apply to us will be made job offers. They are focused, flexible and determined. They bring more of the softer and transferable skills too.” Lisa Tyler, WSP
  19. 19. RhysJones Understanding customers “We increasingly find ourselves facing a very diverse client team. We need to do more in the construction industry to reflect that.” Kate Hall, Arup
  20. 20. RhysJones Doing better business “I enjoy developing people, having high expectations of them. If you do this, then people will generally deliver.” Lisa-Jane Risk, BizSpace
  21. 21. RhysJones Where are we now? • UK’s graduation rate for women engineers is 15% compared with 20% in Europe and 19% in the World • The UK has the lowest proportion of female engineering professionals within EU countries • Only 13% of all STEM jobs in the UK are occupied by women
  22. 22. RhysJones What some companies are doing… • 6% of surveyed organisations claim to have a positive attitude to flexible/part time working • 3% of employers offer structured career paths with breaks • 36% of organisations do nothing at all to improve workforce diversity The Institution of Engineering and Technology Annual Skills Survey 2013
  23. 23. RhysJones What other companies are doing Actively engaging in attracting more women Offering bursaries Supporting awards (WISE, Aspire, First Woman etc) Consider non-cognates Sponsoring the Big Bang Fair
  24. 24. RhysJones Big Bang: filling the hopper • 90% of 8-11 year olds learned more about science by coming to the Fair • 76% of 12-14 year olds viewed engineering more positively as a result of their visit • 75% of 15 to 16 year olds knew where to go next for more career information
  25. 25. RhysJones … and what’s more 54% of young people visiting the Big Bang Fair were female 52% of the winners National Science and Engineering Competition 2013 were female
  26. 26. RhysJones How to do more “There is a philosophy at interview at not only getting the best but those who are a bit different. This year we took on a greater proportion of women than there were in the pool of applicants.” Julie Wood, Arup
  27. 27. RhysJones Personal communication “One in five of our engineers is a woman, so we are well above the average. And of the last graduate intake, 30 per cent were female. This is largely down to our process – we telephone interview everyone on the long list before inviting them to assessment day.” Lisa Tyler, WSP
  28. 28. RhysJones Broaden horizons “We are such a multi-disciplinary organization there is a whole range of opportunity, rather than a narrow and linear career profile.” Kate Hall, Director, Arup
  29. 29. RhysJones Pressure points “You are very visible as a female in the industry, which creates a pressure for constant performance.” Kate Hall, Arup
  30. 30. RhysJones Pressure points “I have worked within five different companies as an engineer and believe that the first two months are the most critical. This is where I believe a mentor can be invaluable.” Claire Jones IMechE Mechanical Engineers Young Member of the Year
  31. 31. RhysJones Progression paths • “There are more women but I believe that many do not understand the politics – or simply don’t want to dance around with the politics.” Julie Wood, Arup
  32. 32. RhysJones Reality test “I visited HeathrowTerminal 2B construction site, thanks to the National Student Awards and sponsor Byrne Bros. The experience was unique and put into perspective the information I had gained over my two years at University; it makes me even more eager to begin working in such a challenging and diverse industry.” Alexandra Pares, Loughborough University
  33. 33. RhysJones Inclusive development “There is a lack of support for the softer, career progression type skills. Rather than having a woman’s network or young engineer’s network, institutions could think about having sessions on negotiation, mentoring, networking, leadership etc which would attract more young female engineers without being exclusive.” Roma Agrawal, Associate, WSP
  34. 34. RhysJones How you might do more • Real work experiences and placements • Targeted outreach • Inclusive leadership training • Networks • Mentoring • Broader career development training • Tell a good story – with the right storyteller
  35. 35. RhysJones Send the right message “If females are discounting engineering as a 'cold and calculated' industry, with a chilly, technical exterior, we need to make them aware that it does in fact have a warm and humanitarian core too.” Sakthy Selvakumaran, Ramboll
  36. 36. RhysJones Thoughts and discussion • Which is more challenging for your organisation: recruiting STEM women or retaining them, and why? • If recruitment is more challenging, and you only have the budget/resources for 2 activities, what would you do? • If retention is more challenging, and you only had the budget/resources for 2 activities, what would you do?
  37. 37. RhysJones Over to you