Fieldbus Tutorial Part 1 - Fieldbus Overview

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Fieldbus Tutorial Part 1 – Fieldbus Overview: Basic Concepts, Interoperability, Benefits from Fieldbus Installations, Availability of Fieldbus Devices

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Fieldbus Tutorial Part 1 - Fieldbus Overview

  1. 1. Fieldbus Overview
  2. 2. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 2 Agenda  Basic Concepts  Interoperability  Benefits from Fieldbus Installations  Availability of Fieldbus Devices
  3. 3. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 3 Foundation Fieldbus is the basis for modern control and automation products.  Advanced functions added to field instruments  Expand view for the operator  Enable migration of functions the field  Reduce wiring and installation costs  Reduce I/O equipment by one-half or more  Provide increased information flow to enable automation of engineering, maintenance, and support functions
  4. 4. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 4 What is Fieldbus? Definition... Control room operator stations Control systems (DCS or PLC) P T L F Fieldbus A digital, two-way, multi-drop communication link among intelligent field devices and automation systems.
  5. 5. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 5 DCS 4 - 20 mA Proprietary Bus 4 -20 mA 4 -20 mA A Typical Plant Today
  6. 6. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 6 Today's Communications Controller PLC GW PLC Computer GW Remote I/O cards & terms Remote I/O cards & terms Two wire Transmitters & Control Elements PLC - DCS PLC PLC Remote I/O M Simple Sensors & Switches Motor Drives Programmable Controller (PLC) Networks Distributed Control System Network Electrical Signals 4-20mA or proprietary digital Proprietary Busses Proprietary Interfaces Many different types of proprietary digital communications- Limited information from the field available to the control room.
  7. 7. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 7 DCS A Plant with Fieldbus High Speed Fieldbus (100 Mbits/s)* Low Speed Fieldbus (31.25 Kbits/s) *Fast Ethernet Maintenance A Plant with Fieldbus Interoperable devices
  8. 8. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 8 Fieldbus Cable Types Cable Type and Description Size Length  Type A (New) Shielded, twisted-pair – H1: 31.25 Kbps #18 AWG 1900* m – H2: 1.0 Mbps #22 AWG 750* m – H2: 2.5 Mbps #22 AWG 500* m  Type B (Existing) Multi-twisted-pair, w/shield – H1: 31.25 Kbps #22 AWG 1200* m  Type C Multi-twisted-pair, w/o shield – H1: 31.25 Kbps #26 AWG 400* m  Type D Multi-core, w/o shield – H1: 31.25 Kbps #16 AWG 200* m * Spurs count in overall length
  9. 9. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 9 Fieldbus : more than just communication DCS or PLC XMTR 4 -20 mA MMI TAG : FT-234A VALUE : 456.5 UNIT : cuft/s STATUS : Good, with alarm at 400cuft/s not acknowledged XMTR
  10. 10. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 10 Freedom of Choice ! Allows digital instruments to be connected onto a Fieldbus network and have them communicate all available functionality to each other and with the networked hosts. TM
  11. 11. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 11 Function Block(s) Transducer Block Resource Block FOUNDATION™ fieldbus FOUNDATION Fieldbus Blocks, Trends, Alerts Basic Components µP Plugged Impulse Line Electronics Diagnostics Communication Diagnostics Trend Alert
  12. 12. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 12 Automatic Address Assignment  This feature allows fast and safe commissioning of the Fieldbus Network!  No dip switches, no pre-configuration.
  13. 13. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 13 Unique Information is Maintained by Device
  14. 14. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 14 Standardized Function Block Application Designed For Process Industry Requirements AI PID AO PIDAI
  15. 15. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 15 Fieldbus Function Blocks  Discrete Input  Discrete Output  Analog input  Analog Output  PID, PI, I Control  P, PD Control  Control Selector  Manual Loader  Bias/Gain Station  Ratio Station Basic  Pulse Input  Complex Analog Output  Complex Discrete Output  Step Output PID  Device Control  Setpoint Ramp Generator  Splitter  Input Selector  Signal Characterizer  Lead Lag  Deadtime  Arithmetic  Calculate  Integrator(Totalizer)  Timer  Analog Alarm  Discrete Alarm  Analog Human Interface  Discrete Human Interface Advanced
  16. 16. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 16 AI PID AI PID AO CAS IN IN SP Product Steam TT100 TIC100 FT101 FIC101 FCV101 TIC100.OUT Easy control strategy configuration
  17. 17. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 17 Communication Services and Deterministic Scheduling For Time Critical Control TT100.OUT TIC100.OUT FT101.OUT FIC101.OUT FIC101. BCKCAL_OUT FCV101. BCKCAL_OUT TT100.OUT TIC100.OUT Cyclic Acyclic TT FCV FT macro-cycle macro-cycle FIC101. BCKCAL_OUT FT101.OUT FIC101.OUT FCV101. BCKCAL_OUT
  18. 18. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 18 Standard Measurement and Control Diagnostics Supported by Devices
  19. 19. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 19 Devices Provide Predictive Diagnostics Provide Information On Life Expectancy and Performance Degradation Device Performance Failure Predictive Alarm
  20. 20. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 20 Predictive Maintenance Examples  Transmitter generates an alert when  the probe tip degenerates  the device has exceeded factory maximum field temperature usage • Cycle Counter • Valve Signature • Dynamic Error Band  O2 Sensor creates alert when the sensor fouls
  21. 21. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 21 Classic I/O H1 Other Buses Other Buses Event is Time Stamped At The Source!
  22. 22. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 22 Interoperability Allows...  Devices from different manufacturers are able to interact with each other without Host interaction – Control in the field works seamlessly – Devices do not conflict with each other  Host can read/write the resource and transducer block parameters  Device diagnostics may be accessed by the host
  23. 23. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 23 Test System Device Description Test Cases Device Interoperability Testing at the FOUNDATION Test Function Block
  24. 24. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 24 Interoperability Is a Reality Modern control systems support Foundation Fieldbus devices from all manufacturers
  25. 25. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 25 New Types of Fieldbus Devices May be Easily Added Device Descriptions may be added in accordance with the FOUNDATION standards.
  26. 26. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 26 A Device Is Registered by the Fieldbus FOUNDATION after it passes these tests: FOUNDATION™ fieldbus Physical Layer Conformance Test Specification (FF-830) Interoperability Test of Standard Function Blocks, Resource Block and System/network Management Functions Device Description (DD) Interoperability Test All Files necessary (Capabilities File) for the device definition are included and appropriate. Registered Devices
  27. 27. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 27 Types of Fieldbus Devices That Have Been Registered  Mass Meter  Pressure Differential  Pressure Absolute  Valve Positioner  Valve Actuator  Rotary Valve Actuator  Radar Level  Mag Flow  Digital Valve Controller(on/off)  Digital Valve Controller  pH/ORP  pH  Temperature  Coriolis Mass Flow  Nuclear Level Gauge  Vortex Flow  2-wire In Situ O2  Conductivity  Conductivity/Resistivity  Continuous Gas Analyzer  Gas Chromatograph  Fieldbus to Current  Fieldbus to Pressure  Current to Fieldbus  Recorder  Fieldbus Controller  Discrete I/O
  28. 28. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 28 Edmonton, Canada Syncrude - Canada Control System – DeltaV – Honeywell Scan 3000/TPS Fieldbus Devices – Rosemount – Fisher Controls – Valtek – Yokogawa – Honeywell – Smar – E + H
  29. 29. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 29 Royal Dutch Shell - Amsterdam Shell - Amsterdam Control System – DeltaV – Yokogawa Centum – Honeywell Scan 3000 – Smar Fieldbus Devices – Fuji – Yokogawa – Fisher Controls – Rosemount – Honeywell – Smar
  30. 30. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 30 Test Reports Foundation Fieldbus Interoperability Test Report Shell Research Center Amsterdam Peter Eigenrann Bindert Douma
  31. 31. Fieldbus brings dramatic savings in installation and commissioning, but the real value is seen during plant operation...
  32. 32. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 32 Over 120,000 Foundation Fieldbus devices in more than 4,000 installations NumberofFieldbusProjects 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 O ct-98 Jan-99 Apr-99 Jul-99 O ct-99 Jan-00 Apr-00 Jul-00 O ct-00 Jan-01 Apr-01 Jul-01 Source: Fieldbus Foundation
  33. 33. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 33 Driving Forces For Acceptance  Saving in installation and commissioning of field devices  Greater access to device information  Freedom of choice in device selection enabled by Foundation Interoperability
  34. 34. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 34 Cost savings for first 64 wells versus competitors’ solution: • Engineering 336 vs. 480 KUSD • Commissioning 14 vs. 86 KUSD • Wiring 206 vs. 596 KUSD Audited Savings 556 vs. 1162 KUSD Other Reductions: • Terminations 84% • I/O Cards 93% • Panel Space 70% • Transmitters 28% • Maintenance 50 - 80% Savings at ARCO Alaska
  35. 35. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 35 Fieldbus Installation and Commissioning Category Conventional I/O Fieldbus Savings Wiring 2 wires per device 16 devices per 2 wires 90% Commissioning 2 - 4 hrs per device 5 min per device 96% Space 75 loops per cabinet Eliminates 75% of space 75% Instrument Engineering 3 hrs per device 1 hr per device 67%
  36. 36. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 36 Before Courtesy: Cargill Corporation
  37. 37. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 37 After Courtesy: Cargill Corporation
  38. 38. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 38 256 I/O BEFORE
  39. 39. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 39 4,000 Fieldbus ‘I/O’ AFTER
  40. 40. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 40 Over 50 Registered Fieldbus Devices are Available Today From 20 manufacturers Fuji
  41. 41. [File Name or Event] Emerson Confidential 27-Jun-01, Slide 41 Types of Fieldbus Devices That Have Been Registered  Mass Meter  Pressure Differential  Pressure Absolute  Valve Positioner  Valve Actuator  Rotary Valve Actuator  Radar Level  Mag Flow  Digital Valve Controller(on/off)  Digital Valve Controller  pH/ORP  pH  Temperature  Coriolis Mass Flow  Nuclear Level Gauge  Vortex Flow  2-wire In Situ O2  Conductivity  Conductivity/Resistivity  Continuous Gas Analyzer  Gas Chromatograph  Fieldbus to Current  Fieldbus to Pressure  Current to Fieldbus  Recorder  Fieldbus Controller  Discrete I/O Note: See www.fieldbus.org for latest listing

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