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Boot camp advanced tools and techniques

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  1. 1. EMERSON Process Management Educational Services Copyrighted Material / Duplication ProhibitedAdvanced Tools & Techniques Advanced Tools & Techniques
  2. 2. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 2 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Introduction Over the last 10 years significant improvements made in advanced control tool capabilities and in user interfaces, improvements that make it easier to design and commission advanced control solutions. Also since then, new advanced control applications have been introduced for batch and continuous processes. The book Advanced Control Foundation – Tools, Techniques, and Applications provides a fresh look at some of the latest advanced control technologies that are available to the process industry. A web site for the book allows the solutions to the book’s workshops to be viewed using a web browser.
  3. 3. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 3 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Areas to be Addressed This session will provide an overview of the more common technique that may be used to improve process operations. Areas that will be addressed are: • Evaluating Control System Performance (Demo) • Tuning - Integrating Process, Units Conversion(Workshop), • Intelligent PID (demo) • Adaptive Tuning • Fuzzy Logic Control • Property Estimation - Neural Networks(NN) and Other Technique • Model Predictive Control (MPC) with Optimization • Integrating Advanced Control Into an Older DCS
  4. 4. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 4 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Basis for Presentation Material that will be presented is based on Advanced Control Foundation. This book was published in Sept 2012 by ISA and addresses the advanced control products in the DeltaV control system (or targeted for a future DeltaV release). The book may be purchased on-line through ISA or Amazon.
  5. 5. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 5 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Basis for Presentation (Cont) The solution to workshop included in the book may be viewed using your web browser- see http://www.advancedcontrolfoundation.com/
  6. 6. EMERSON Process Management Educational Services Copyrighted Material / Duplication ProhibitedAdvanced Tools & Techniques 1 - 6 Evaluating Control System Performance
  7. 7. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 7 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Plant Operating performance The latest UI technology allows the plant operator to do more. Graphic displays and historic trends allow the operator to view and interact with discrete and continuous control Operator must depend on the control system to maintain target operating condition to achieve best performance.
  8. 8. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 8 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Issues Confronting The Process Industry In many cases the staffing at the plant level has been reduced. Plant support at the corporate level may have been severely downsized or eliminated. Process engineers and instrumentation technicians may not have sufficient training to fully understand control setup and tune PID loops for best performance. Resources at the plant level may only be sufficient to address issues that disrupt production. The impact of control utilization/performance may not be monitored, documented and/or effectively communicated to plant management. This is a global issue – Not specific to the control system manufacturer, commonly encountered in many major plants located in the US, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East.
  9. 9. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 9 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Evaluating Control System Performance (Cont) A plant equipped with the latest control systems and field instrumentation may still be found to have low control utilization. Often the key to getting control loops back on automatic is for plant management to be aware of the low control utilization and its impact on product quality and production rate.
  10. 10. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 10 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Performance Monitoring Measurement status and control mode as defined by IEC61804 are key to performance monitoring
  11. 11. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 11 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Performance Monitoring - Example DeltaV Insight allows easy navigation of control hierarchy Overview display summarizes performance for System, Area, Units and Modules Abnormal Control Conditions indicated for Problem Loops: • Control Service Status: − Incorrect mode − Limited control output − Bad/Uncertain input • Control Performance Status: − Standard Deviation − Variability Index − Oscillation Index − Tuning Index • Device and Valve Diagnostics
  12. 12. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 12 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Process Area Overview
  13. 13. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 13 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Summary View of a Process
  14. 14. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 14 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Module View
  15. 15. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 15 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Detail View of Block Performance
  16. 16. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 16 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Performance Reports - Example Report generation is an important feature of performance monitoring tools. Reports can be used to gain the management support that is required to address low control utilization or to determine the source of excessive process variation that impacts production or product quality
  17. 17. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 17 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Resolving Problems that Impact Control Utilization
  18. 18. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 18 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Resolving Problems that Impact Process Variation
  19. 19. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 19 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques On-Demand Tuning Where low control utilization is due to PID tuning, then On-demand tuning may be used to commission the loop. May be quickly applies Captures process dynamics in the field (controller or device) to allow better process identification, particularly for the fastest loops. May be used to tuning PID for control of self-regulating and integrating processes
  20. 20. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 20 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Advanced Tools – Entech Toolkit Not normally required. Some customers (pulp and paper industry) have adopted this tool. May be used by specialist trained on this tool to identify and resolve causes of process variation and loop interaction. Advanced tuning techniques may be applied when addressing complex process dynamics.
  21. 21. EMERSON Process Management Educational Services Copyrighted Material / Duplication ProhibitedAdvanced Tools & Techniques 1 - 21 Tuning - Integrating Process, Units Conversion
  22. 22. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 22 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques DeltaV On-Demand Tuning May be used to tune PID used for control of a self- regulating process or an integrating process. Especially helpful for tuning integrating processes or processes characterized by slow dynamics.
  23. 23. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 23 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques DeltaV On-demand Tuning (Cont) When the on-demand tuning application resides in a DCS workstation, communications between the controller and the workstation can introduce variable delay and jitter in the observed process response. To allow the process to be accurately identified, the on-demand tuning in DeltaV is distributed between the workstation and the controller/ field device.
  24. 24. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 24 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Manually Tuning an Integrating Process Manual tuning is complicated by the fact that it is difficult to establish process characterization from step response because of changing process conditions that prevent establishing a steady state condition.
  25. 25. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 25 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Manually Tuning an Integrating Process
  26. 26. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 26 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques System Migration - Equivalent DeltaV Tuning When an older system is replaced with DeltaV then if the tuning units of the older system are different than those used in deltaV, then it will necessary to convert the tuning from the older system to the equivalent tuning in DeltaV. An Excel spreadsheet has been created to automatically do this conversion from Provox tuning to equivalent DeltaV tuning.
  27. 27. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 27 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Workshop 1. Open the workspace for the Three Element Level Control application. Change the setpoint and observe the response using the chart. Adjust the reset tuning to provide a slower closed loop response. Change the setpoint observe the response using the chart. 2. Install on your laptop the Excel spreadsheet for conversion of Provox tuning to equivalent DeltaV Tuning. 3. Enter the following Provox tuning and examine the equivalent DeltaV tuning. • Loop Tag: FIC110 • Proportional Gain: 0.4 • Reset: 30 repeats/min • Rate: 0 4. Examine the equations that are used for the units conversion.
  28. 28. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 28 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Three Element Level Control
  29. 29. EMERSON Process Management Educational Services Copyrighted Material / Duplication ProhibitedAdvanced Tools & Techniques 1 - 29 Intelligent PID
  30. 30. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 30 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques PIDPlus Feature of DeltaV PID The PIDPlus feature of the DeltaV PID (DeltaV v11 and higher) is enabled through the FRSIPID_OPTS parameter. When PIDPlus is enabled then special behavior is provided to address: • Control using Wireless measurement or sampled inputs provided by an anlayzer • Recovery from process saturation conditions.
  31. 31. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 31 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques PIDPlus for Wireless Control The Challenge – Control Using Wireless Transmitter power consumption is minimized by reducing the number of times the measurement value is communicated. Conventional PID execution synchronizes the measurement value with control action, by over-sampling the measurement by a factor of 2-10X. The rule of thumb to minimize control variation is to have feedback control executed 4X to 10X times faster than the process response time (process time constant plus process delay). The conventional PID design (i.e., difference equation and z-transform) assumes that a new measurement value is available at each execution and that control is executed on a periodic basis.
  32. 32. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 32 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Conventional Approach – Over Sampling of Measurement Control Execution 63% of Change Process Output Process Input Deadtime (TD ) O I New Measurement Available Time Constant ( )
  33. 33. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 33 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Conventional PID - Impact of Wireless The underlying assumption in traditional control design is that the PID is executed on a periodic basis. When the measurement is not updated on a periodic basis, the calculated reset action may not be appropriate. If control action is only executed when a new measurement is communicated, this could result in a delayed control response to setpoint changes and feedforward action on measured disturbances. Conventional PID Design
  34. 34. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 34 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques *WirelessHART Communication Window communication is the preferred method of communications for control applications. A new value will be communicated only if: • The magnitude of the difference between the new measurement value and the last communicated measurement value is greater that a specified trigger value • or if the time since the last communication exceeds a maximum update period. Thus, the measurement is communicated only as often as required to allow control action to correct for unmeasured disturbances or response to setpoint changes. For Windowed mode you must specify an update period, a maximum update period, and a trigger value. *HART 7 specification that has been adopted as an international standard, IEC 62591Ed. 1.0.
  35. 35. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 35 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques PID Modification for Wireless Control To provide the best control for a non-periodic measurement, the PID must be modified to reflect the reset contribution for the expected process response since the last measurement update. Control execution is set faster than measurement update. This permits immediate action on setpoint change and update in faceplate.
  36. 36. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 36 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques PIDPlus Using Wireless Transmitter vs. Conventional PID and Wired Transmitter Control Measurement Control Output Unmeasured Disturbance Setpoint PIDPlus PIDPlus PID PID Lambda Tuning ʎ = 1.0 Communication Resolution = 1% Communication Refresh = 10sec
  37. 37. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 37 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Control Performance Difference Communications transmissions are reduced by over 96 % when window communication is utilized. The impact of non-periodic measurement updates on control performance as measured by Integral of Absolute Error (IAE) is minimized through the PID modifications for wireless communication.
  38. 38. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 38 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques PIDPlus - Modified Derivative Action
  39. 39. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 39 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques PID Performance for Lost Communications The Conventional PID provides poor dynamic response when wireless communications are lost. The PID modified for wireless control provides improved dynamic response under these conditions
  40. 40. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 40 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Wireless Communication Loss – During Setpoint Change Communication Loss PID PIDPlus PIDPlus PID Control Measurement Control Output Setpoint
  41. 41. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 41 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Wireless Communication Loss – During Process Disturbance Communication Loss PIDPlus Setpoint Control Measurement Control Output PID PIDPlus PID
  42. 42. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 42 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Installation at Broadley James Portable Hyclone 100 liter disposable bioreactor Rosemount WirelessHART gateway and transmitters for measurement and control of pH and temperature. Pressure monitored BioNet is based on the DeltaV Control system.
  43. 43. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 43 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Broadley James Bioreactor Setup Bioreactor VSD VSD TC 41-7 AT 41-4s2 AT 41-4s1 AT 41-2 AT 41-1 TT 41-7 AT 41-6 LT 41-14 Glucose Glutamine pH DO Product Heater VSD VSD VSD AC 41-4s1 AC 41-4s2 Media Glucose Glutamine VSD Inoculums VSD Bicarbonate AY 41-1 AC 41-1 Splitter AC 41-2 AY 41-2 Splitter CO2 O2 Air Level Drain 0.002 g/L 7.0 pH 2.0 g/L 2.0 g/L 37 oC MFC MFC MFC AT 41-5x2 Viable Cells AT 41-5x1 Dead Cells Bioreactor VSDVSD VSD TC 41-7 TC 41-7 AT 41-4s2 AT 41-4s1 AT 41-2 AT 41-1 TT 41-7 AT 41-6 LT 41-14 Glucose Glutamine pH DO Product Heater VSD VSD VSD AC 41-4s1 AC 41-4s1 AC 41-4s2 AC 41-4s2 Media Glucose Glutamine VSD Inoculums VSD Bicarbonate AY 41-1 AC 41-1 AC 41-1 Splitter AC 41-2 AC 41-2 AY 41-2 Splitter CO2 O2 Air Level Drain 0.002 g/L 7.0 pH 2.0 g/L 2.0 g/L 37 oC MFC MFC MFC AT 41-5x2 Viable Cells AT 41-5x1 Dead Cells
  44. 44. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 44 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Wireless Temperature Loop Test Results
  45. 45. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 45 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Wireless pH Loop Test Results
  46. 46. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 46 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Separations Research Program, University of Texas at Austin The Separations Research Program was established at the J.J. Pickle Research Campus in 1984 This cooperative industry/university program performs fundamental research of interest to chemical, biotechnological, petroleum refining, gas processing, pharmaceutical, and food companies. CO2 removal from stack gas is a focus project for which WirelessHART transmitters were installed for pressure and steam flow control
  47. 47. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 47 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Steam Flow To Stripper Heater
  48. 48. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 48 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Column Pressure Control
  49. 49. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 49 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques PC215 On-line Column Pressure Control The same dynamic control response was observed for SP changes Original plant PID tuning was used for both wired and wireless control GAIN=2.5 RESET=4 RATE=1 Wired Measurement Used in Control Wireless Measurement Used in Control
  50. 50. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 50 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Control Performance – Wired vs Wireless Comparable control as measured by IAE was achieved using WirelessHART Measurements and PIDPlus vs. control with wired measurements and PID. The number of measurement samples with WirelessHART vs Wired transmitter was reduced by a factor of 10X for flow control and 6X for pressure control – accounting for differences in test duration. Test #1 Test #2
  51. 51. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 51 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Recovery From Process Saturation The recovery of the PID from process saturation is critical in many continuous and batch applications. By utilizing a variable preload when the PID output is limited for an extended period of time (process saturation), it is possible to minimize setpoint overshoot on recovery from saturation. PI Control with Variable Pre-load PI Control
  52. 52. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 52 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques PIDPlus for Recovery From Process Saturation The PIDPlus option in DeltaV v11 provides improved the control response for recovery from process saturation. • PIDPlus option added in DeltaV v11.3 to improve control response for recovery from process saturation. Anticipation action can be adjusted using the PID parameter RECOVERY_FILTR. Value of 1 = No anticipation, Value of 0 = full anticipation utilized to avoid SP overshoot when recovering from process saturation • The benefit of enabling the PIDPlus option will be shown using several process examples. Application of PIDPlus in Surge Control will be examined in detail based on “typical” centrifugal air compressor used in refining industry.
  53. 53. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 53 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques PIDPlus – Addressing Process Saturation A process saturation condition exists when the setpoint of a PID can not be maintained and the PID output is limited. Three examples will be used to illustrate process saturation conditions : • Steam header pressure control • Boiler outlet steam temperature control. • Compressor surge Control When operating conditions change that allow the process to recover from a process saturation condition, then improved response is provided by enabling the FRSIPID_OPTS option for PIDPlus. Anticipation action can be adjusted using the PID parameter RECOVERY_FILTR. Value of 1 = No anticipation, Value of 0 = full anticipation utilized to avoid SP overshoot when recovering from process saturation
  54. 54. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 54 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Example – Steam Temperature Control using PIDPlus If steam generation exceeds the attemperator capacity then the boiler outlet steam temperature will exceed the outlet setpoint with the spray valve fully open. When boiler firing rate is reduced, then the spray value should be cut back as the outlet temperature drops. When the FRSIPID_OPTS for PIDPlus is enabled then the valve moves before PV reached SP – providing improved response. Standard PID DeltaV PIDPlus SP Overshoot 50% Drop in steam generation
  55. 55. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 55 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Example - Header Pressure Control Under normal operating conditions the pressure reducing valve, PV196, remains close and the 400# header pressure is maintained by the steam turbine extraction. If the turbine extraction can not meet 400# steam demand or the turbine trips off-line then the PRV valve must open to maintain header pressure. A very small improvement in response for a 40% drop in turbine extraction is seen since for this example the PV normally operates close to SP. Standard PID DeltaV PIDPlus
  56. 56. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 56 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Compressor Surge Control Single-shaft centrifugal compressors with horizontally split casings are commonly used in the process industry Are preferred for applications requiring medium pressures and large volume e. g. cracked gas, coker gas, process air or carbon dioxide. Electric or steam turbine drive design.
  57. 57. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 57 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Compressor Surge Surge* is the point at which the compressor peak head capability and minimum flow limit are reached. If the operating point approaches the surge line, the impeller and diffuser begin to operate in stall and flow recirculation occurs. The flow separation will eventually cause a decrease in the discharge pressure and flow from suction to discharge will resume. This surge cycle will repeat itself unless control system brings the compressor out of the surge cycle. Any surge event can cause severe damage to the thrust bearings, seals, and the impeller. *GMRC Guideline –Version 4.3 Application Guideline for Centrifugal Compressor Surge Control Systems
  58. 58. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 58 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Control Requirements The primary objective of a surge control system is to prevent the occurrence of surge so as to reduce possible damage to the compressor The three primary operating environments for the surge control system are: Start-up Environment - In a typical start-up mode, gas is continually recycled to bring the compressor online. The recycle valve is fully opened upon start-up. As the compressor begins to gain speed and flow is increased, the recycle valve is gradually closed. Normal Process Control Environment –The surge control system must provide for smooth operation of the compressor over the entire operating range. The shape of the surge control line will determine the response characteristics of the surge control system. Precision in recycle valve position control and minimizing overshoot are required. Emergency Shutdown Environment - The surge control system must function quickly to open the recycle valve fully We will address the normal process control environment.
  59. 59. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 59 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Typical Air Compressor The surge control system acts as an integral part of the compressor station controls. The recommended margin allowed between the actual surge line and the surge control line is 6-10 percent of the actual flow surge limit. Note: The scaling of the compressor performance curve has been normalized to protect the real plant data.
  60. 60. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 60 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Air Compressor – Normal Operations The function of the surge control system is to detect the approach to surge and provide more flow to the compressor through opening the recycle valve to avoid surge. Opening of the vent valve provides more flow and reduces compressor head, to move the compressor away from its surge point.
  61. 61. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 61 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Dynamic Compressor Simulation A dynamic compressor simulation that matches typical BP air compressor data was developed to support testing of the compressor controls. The simulation was tied to the control strategy used for normal operation.
  62. 62. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 62 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Air Compressor Control – Normal Operations Parameters were added to support testing • Normal Load Demand • Process status • Motor status BP Tuning for typical compressor was utilized
  63. 63. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 63 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Control Response – PIDPlus Disabled Surge Margin 60% Reduction in Air Demand Surge Line Exceeded
  64. 64. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 64 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Control Response – PIDPlus Enabled Surge Margin 60% Reduction in Air Demand Surge Margin Maintained
  65. 65. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 65 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Learning More About PIDPlus • The module that is used in the Intelliegent PID workshop may be downloaded from the Advanced Control Foundation web site and imported on any DeltaV system (v11 or higher). • Allows performance of PIDPlus using wireless measurement to be compared to PID with wired measurement
  66. 66. EMERSON Process Management Educational Services Copyrighted Material / Duplication ProhibitedAdvanced Tools & Techniques 1 - 66 Adaptive Control
  67. 67. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 67 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques On-demand Tuning (Cont) When using an on- demand tuning application, consider that the process gain may change with the operating conditions. For robust control, tuning should be based on the operating conditions that provide maximum process gain.
  68. 68. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 68 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Adaptive Tuning In some cases, the tuning established at one operating point may not provide the best control for the full operating range. Adaptive tuning allows the process gain and dynamics to be automatically identified and used in control.
  69. 69. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 69 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Adaptive Control - Implementation To allow the data used in adaptive control to be collected without communication skew or jitter, adaptive control is implemented directly in the DeltaV PID Enables adaptive control to be utilized even in high speed control applications.
  70. 70. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 70 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Adaptive Tuning Allows tuning the process model to be automatically established based on: • Normal setpoint changes made by the operator when the PID is in an automatic • PID output changes when the PID is in a manual mode. Model switching with re-centering and interpolation may be used for process model identification.
  71. 71. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 71 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Viewing Identified Models
  72. 72. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 72 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques View Adaptive Tuning Solution Advanced Control Foundation web site http://www.advancedcontrolfoundation.com/adaptive-tuning-solution.aspx
  73. 73. EMERSON Process Management Educational Services Copyrighted Material / Duplication ProhibitedAdvanced Tools & Techniques 1 - 73 Fuzzy Logic Control
  74. 74. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 74 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Predefined Fuzzy Logic Control Function Block
  75. 75. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 75 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Fuzzy Logic Control For some specific process applications, fuzzy logic control enables faster setpoint recovery with less overshoot than PID control for both setpoint and load changes Fuzzy logic is best suited for controlling processes characterized by large time constants and little or no deadtime
  76. 76. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 76 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Fuzzy Logic Control Workshop
  77. 77. EMERSON Process Management Educational Services Copyrighted Material / Duplication ProhibitedAdvanced Tools & Techniques 1 - 77 Property Estimation
  78. 78. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 78 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Neural Networks for Property Estimation When a product quality measurement is available only from the lab, it is often possible to use upstream measurements to calculate an estimated value. To address the non-linear response of product quality parameters to changes in process inputs, the estimator can be based on a neural network model.
  79. 79. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 79 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Continuous Digester Example
  80. 80. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 80 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Batch and Continuous Data Analytics Through the use of on-line data analytics, it is possible to provide: • Product quality predictions which allow quality problems to be identified while there is time to take corrections action. • Detection of abnormal process operation and/or equipment problems and support of root cause analysis Batch Analytics in DeltaV v12, Continuous Analytics currently under development.
  81. 81. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 81 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Continuous Example – Static Mixer
  82. 82. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 82 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Batch Example
  83. 83. EMERSON Process Management Educational Services Copyrighted Material / Duplication ProhibitedAdvanced Tools & Techniques 1 - 83 Model Predictive Control
  84. 84. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 84 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Model Predictive Control(MPC) in DeltaV Three versions of Model Predictive Control (MPC) are provided in DeltaV. • DeltaV Predict (DeltaV v7 or later) – Addresses processes as large as 8x8. Pusher capability is provided to allow process throughput to be maximized by maintaining the process at its operating constraint. No cost if only one(1) manipulated parameter. Module runs in Controller or Application station. • DeltaV PredictPro DeltaV v9 or later) - For larger, more complex process as large as 40x80 . Linear Program (LP) embedded to support process optimization based on user defined control objective. Module runs in Controller or Application station. • DeltaV PedictPlus (DeltaV v12 or later)– Adds greater capability to address changing operating constraint and integrating processes. Module runs only in Application station.
  85. 85. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 85 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Replacing PID with MPC DeltaV Predict may be used to replace PID when the process is characterized by large deadtime, multiple measured distrubances or constaints. • No cost if only one manipulated parameter. • Designed to be layered on top PID in existing control strategy. One Measured Disturbance Input MPC Constraint Control
  86. 86. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 86 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Simple MPC MPC has proven advantages over multi-loop PID control techniques in a variety of small applications that are characterized by: • Long process delay and interaction, • Measured disturbances or constraints • Production is limited by process input(s) Embedded MPC capability in the control system.is an advantage
  87. 87. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 87 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques MPC Integrated with Optimization For larger, more complex applications that are used in batch or continuous processing, the plant operation objective(s) may be best met using MPC integrated with optimization i.e. DeltaV PredictPro. Such applications are often characterized by numerous operating constraints and the need to address broader operating objectives, such as maximizing throughput while minimizing production costs MEE Process CTMP Process
  88. 88. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 88 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques CTMP Refiner Process Step Response
  89. 89. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 89 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Example: Lime Kiln Control – DeltaV Predict View the following videos showing the DeltaV Predict installation at Canfor Pulp and Paper. These videos are good examples of the types of videos contained on the DeltaV web site under Video Central. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IwPFqLgh21M http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sNlosWA8crE
  90. 90. EMERSON Process Management Educational Services Copyrighted Material / Duplication ProhibitedAdvanced Tools & Techniques 1 - 90 Integrating Advanced Control Into an Older DCS
  91. 91. Copyrighted Material / Duplication Prohibited 1 - 91 EMERSON Process Management – Educational Services Advanced Tools & Techniques Integrating Advanced Control Into a DCS When advanced control is embedded in the distributed control system (DCS), the plant operator has a single window interface with consistent system interaction and single log-in and span of control. If the DCS does not support advanced control, then the advanced control applications must be layered onto the DCS. Several approaches may be taken depending on the DCS support for layered applications.
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