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Prof. dr. ing. Dave H.A. Blank  MESA +  Institute for Nanotechnology University of Twente Institute for Nanotechnology The...
What means NANO for the market? bedrijven waarvoor nanotechnologie-producten of platforms een  primair  gebied zijn (bron:...
“ As soon as I mention this, people tell me… about electric motors that are the size of a finger nail, and that there is a...
“ There is Plenty of Room at the Bottom” Richard P. Feynman  (1959)
1970 transistors 1  Å 1  μ m 100 nm 10 nm 1 nm 10  μ m 2003 transistors 130 nm Smallest  lithography nanotube atom DNA pro...
<ul><li>Micro electronics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silicon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transistor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>L...
<ul><li>Micro electronics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silicon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transistor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>L...
 
 
Scanning Tunneling Microscope H. Rohrer G. Binnig 1986
<ul><li>sample scanned under tip </li></ul><ul><li>resolution ~ 2 nm </li></ul><ul><li>scan range ~ 50x50 μm  </li></ul><u...
Scanning Tunneling Microscope
Don Eigler  (Neon) Scanning Tunneling Microscope
Xenon atoms on nickel (Don Eigler) IBM ……….in atoms
56 iron atoms on cupper ‘ Quantum coral’
Writing with molecules Nano-pattern writing by transport of molecules by water meniscus Mirkin group Northwestern University
Reading of nano-structures Multiple probes
Proteins – essential machinery of life Parkinson’s Disease on the Nanometer Scale
<ul><li>67 nm D-period visible </li></ul>Kees O. van der Werf, UTwente AFM phase imaging of Collagen fibril
Nanomechanical manipulation yields insights into material properties of amyloid fibrils Bio-physical engineering, UTwente
Virus detection Purdue University   University of Twente Ostendum inc.
Lab on a Chip 1970 1980 1990 2003 2007
Collaboration with  Nanopass Silicon microneedles Epidermis Dermis Diagnostic sensor or medicine reservoir Microneedles
Fabrication process of 36 injection needles BIOS, UTwente
Microneedles: motivation
0  2  4  6  8  10  12  14  (s) Lithium measurement in blood via nano-channels Micronit & BIOS, UTwente <ul><li>CZE in pyre...
Lithium measurement in blood via nano-channels BIOS, UTwente
Improves Quality of Life
 
Monodisperse emulsion 5x less medicine needed, less side effects
Drug delivery Nano-containers Nano-particles  attached to DNA Nano-fibers Multi wall nano tubes  Functional  nano-particles
New Materials based on Nanotechnology Novel materials on demand Source: Siemens AG Thin film displays and lightings Scratc...
images courtesy of Philips. High resolution tomography and acoustic wave imaging  Functional materials for next generation...
<ul><li>Bucky balls and nanotubes </li></ul>Important Discoveries/Developments Diamant structure  graphite structure  Buck...
<ul><li>thin sheet of graphite </li></ul><ul><li>discovered in 1991 by Sumio Iijma </li></ul><ul><li>first tests in 1997 <...
Important Discoveries Lotus Effect
Playing LEGO on  Atomic Scale
Build your own superlattice  Nature   433  (2005) 369-370  Artificial Materials by Building Unit Cells  SrTiO 3 LaAlO 3
 
Artificial Materials by Building Unit Cells
Artificial Materials by Building Unit Cells  LaAlO 3 SrTiO 3 SrTiO 3 Two non-conducting oxides with conducting interface !
2 x SrCuO 2   (semi-conductor) 2 x BaCuO 2   (bad conductor) Super conductor ! Artificial Superconductor by Building Unit ...
 
Nanotechnology by  K. Eric Drexler
We’re just at the beginning ……………………. Nanotechnology by  K. Eric Drexler
Nanotechnologie: impact op de society <ul><li>Nano-particles </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>controllable, poisoned, environ...
Thin film displays and lightings Scratchproof windows with Lotus-effect Hip Joint Fuel cells for mobility,  hydrogen stora...
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Dave Blank Twente Emerce eDay 2008

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  • Transcript of "Dave Blank Twente Emerce eDay 2008"

    1. 1. Prof. dr. ing. Dave H.A. Blank MESA + Institute for Nanotechnology University of Twente Institute for Nanotechnology The impact of NANOTECHNOLOGY
    2. 2. What means NANO for the market? bedrijven waarvoor nanotechnologie-producten of platforms een primair gebied zijn (bron: Technology Transfer Centre, 2007)
    3. 3. “ As soon as I mention this, people tell me… about electric motors that are the size of a finger nail, and that there is a device on the market which can write the Lord’s prayer on the head of a pin. “But that’s nothing; that’s most primitive” I want to discuss the staggeringly small world below.” Richard P. Feynman (1959) “ What I want to talk about is the problem of manipulating and controlling things on a small scale.” “ There is Plenty of Room at the Bottom”
    4. 4. “ There is Plenty of Room at the Bottom” Richard P. Feynman (1959)
    5. 5. 1970 transistors 1 Å 1 μ m 100 nm 10 nm 1 nm 10 μ m 2003 transistors 130 nm Smallest lithography nanotube atom DNA protein virus cell What means NANO?
    6. 6. <ul><li>Micro electronics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silicon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transistor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lithography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated Circuits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lasers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>glass fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WWW.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nano </li></ul></ul>first transistor Bardeen, Bell labs Important Discoveries/Developments first transistor based on nanotubes Dekker, TUDelft
    7. 7. <ul><li>Micro electronics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silicon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transistor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lithography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated Circuits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lasers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>glass fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WWW.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nano </li></ul></ul>Important Discoveries/Developments
    8. 10. Scanning Tunneling Microscope H. Rohrer G. Binnig 1986
    9. 11. <ul><li>sample scanned under tip </li></ul><ul><li>resolution ~ 2 nm </li></ul><ul><li>scan range ~ 50x50 μm </li></ul><ul><li>tapping mode in liquid </li></ul>Visualizing on nanometer scale Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)
    10. 12. Scanning Tunneling Microscope
    11. 13. Don Eigler (Neon) Scanning Tunneling Microscope
    12. 14. Xenon atoms on nickel (Don Eigler) IBM ……….in atoms
    13. 15. 56 iron atoms on cupper ‘ Quantum coral’
    14. 16. Writing with molecules Nano-pattern writing by transport of molecules by water meniscus Mirkin group Northwestern University
    15. 17. Reading of nano-structures Multiple probes
    16. 18. Proteins – essential machinery of life Parkinson’s Disease on the Nanometer Scale
    17. 19. <ul><li>67 nm D-period visible </li></ul>Kees O. van der Werf, UTwente AFM phase imaging of Collagen fibril
    18. 20. Nanomechanical manipulation yields insights into material properties of amyloid fibrils Bio-physical engineering, UTwente
    19. 21. Virus detection Purdue University University of Twente Ostendum inc.
    20. 22. Lab on a Chip 1970 1980 1990 2003 2007
    21. 23. Collaboration with Nanopass Silicon microneedles Epidermis Dermis Diagnostic sensor or medicine reservoir Microneedles
    22. 24. Fabrication process of 36 injection needles BIOS, UTwente
    23. 25. Microneedles: motivation
    24. 26. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 (s) Lithium measurement in blood via nano-channels Micronit & BIOS, UTwente <ul><li>CZE in pyrex glass </li></ul><ul><li>double-T injection </li></ul><ul><li>Pt conductivity detection </li></ul>150 mM Na,1 mM Li 20 mM MES/His 300 V/cm Na Li 10 mM K, Na, Li 20 mM MES/His 300 V/cm K Na Li
    25. 27. Lithium measurement in blood via nano-channels BIOS, UTwente
    26. 28. Improves Quality of Life
    27. 30. Monodisperse emulsion 5x less medicine needed, less side effects
    28. 31. Drug delivery Nano-containers Nano-particles attached to DNA Nano-fibers Multi wall nano tubes Functional nano-particles
    29. 32. New Materials based on Nanotechnology Novel materials on demand Source: Siemens AG Thin film displays and lightings Scratchproof windows with Lotus-effect Hip Joint Fuel cells for Mobile phone and mobility, hydrogen storage Intelligent clothing Lightweight and robust frame LEDs save Energy TCO’s for Notebook-Displays
    30. 33. images courtesy of Philips. High resolution tomography and acoustic wave imaging Functional materials for next generation nano-electronic devices
    31. 34. <ul><li>Bucky balls and nanotubes </li></ul>Important Discoveries/Developments Diamant structure graphite structure Bucky ball
    32. 35. <ul><li>thin sheet of graphite </li></ul><ul><li>discovered in 1991 by Sumio Iijma </li></ul><ul><li>first tests in 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>behaves as metal or semiconductor </li></ul><ul><li>good electron conductor </li></ul><ul><li>good heat conductor </li></ul><ul><li>Super-strong </li></ul>Carbon Nanotubes
    33. 36. Important Discoveries Lotus Effect
    34. 37. Playing LEGO on Atomic Scale
    35. 38. Build your own superlattice Nature 433 (2005) 369-370 Artificial Materials by Building Unit Cells SrTiO 3 LaAlO 3
    36. 40. Artificial Materials by Building Unit Cells
    37. 41. Artificial Materials by Building Unit Cells LaAlO 3 SrTiO 3 SrTiO 3 Two non-conducting oxides with conducting interface !
    38. 42. 2 x SrCuO 2 (semi-conductor) 2 x BaCuO 2 (bad conductor) Super conductor ! Artificial Superconductor by Building Unit Cells
    39. 44. Nanotechnology by K. Eric Drexler
    40. 45. We’re just at the beginning ……………………. Nanotechnology by K. Eric Drexler
    41. 46. Nanotechnologie: impact op de society <ul><li>Nano-particles </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>controllable, poisoned, environment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data information, quantum computing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global surveillance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Market conform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For better or worse ..... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Portable technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile phone, computer, labels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Estrangement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding or magic? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complex systems </li></ul>
    42. 47. Thin film displays and lightings Scratchproof windows with Lotus-effect Hip Joint Fuel cells for mobility, hydrogen storage Intelligent clothing Lightweight and robust frame LEDs save energy Notebook-Displays Data storage Nanotechnology: large opportunities Drug delivery Medical imaging Mobile phones Energy savings of houses Clear water Food & nutrition

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