More common in younger players (youth to high school)Always a catastrophic injuryWhen you get hit again before first brain injury healsDeath or severe brain injury
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopath -- Progressive degeneration of the brain tissue & buildup of abnormal protein, tauimages of brain sections showing the buildup of the protein Tau, identified by yellow sectionsFound in NFL players post-mortemLeads to early onset of Alzheimers, etc.Ex. John Grimsley—linebacker for NFL who was diagnosed with CTE after his death in 2008
Led to demise of helmet makers
1994: Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Committee June 1996: NFL memo to playersProCap identified weaknesses of Riddell helmetsUse of ProCap was discouraged
Recent regulations– coming together!
Lystedt Law: in 2009 Governor Christine Gregoire signed the Lystedt Law. 1. To immediately remove from play any athlete who sustains a concussion or who exhibits signs, symptoms, or behaviors consistent with the injury.2. To only allow those athletes to return to physical activity after receiving written clearance from a health care provider trained in concussion management.3. To require parents to read information on concussion risks and sign an acknowledgement form prior to allowing their child to play a contact sport. 4. To mandate educational outreach to athletes, parents, and coaches.
THE NFL &CONCUSSIONSPresented byEmelina, Hannah, Jonathan and Julia
What is a concussion?History: The NFL and ConcussionsRegulationsTechnological AdvancesRecommendations