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  • How does someone get one? Occurs when the brain moves around in the skull, effectively causing a bruise to the brain tissue.
  • What is a concussion?
  • In football, it looks more like this. It can occur when any object hits the head – whether that be the ground or another player.
  • Confusion, vomiting, headache, nausea, depression, disturbed sleep, moodiness, amnesia
  • More common in younger players (youth to high school)Always a catastrophic injuryWhen you get hit again before first brain injury healsDeath or severe brain injury
  • Chronic Traumatic Encephalopath -- Progressive degeneration of the brain tissue & buildup of abnormal protein, tauimages of brain sections showing the buildup of the protein Tau, identified by yellow sectionsFound in NFL players post-mortemLeads to early onset of Alzheimers, etc.Ex. John Grimsley—linebacker for NFL who was diagnosed with CTE after his death in 2008
  • Led to demise of helmet makers
  • 1994: Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Committee June 1996: NFL memo to playersProCap identified weaknesses of Riddell helmetsUse of ProCap was discouraged
  • Recent regulations– coming together!
  • Lystedt Law: in 2009 Governor Christine Gregoire signed the Lystedt Law. 1. To immediately remove from play any athlete who sustains a concussion or who exhibits signs, symptoms, or behaviors consistent with the injury.2. To only allow those athletes to return to physical activity after receiving written clearance from a health care provider trained in concussion management.3. To require parents to read information on concussion risks and sign an acknowledgement form prior to allowing their child to play a contact sport. 4. To mandate educational outreach to athletes, parents, and coaches.
  • Transcript

    • 1. THE NFL &CONCUSSIONSPresented byEmelina, Hannah, Jonathan and Julia
    • 2. What is a concussion?History: The NFL and ConcussionsRegulationsTechnological AdvancesRecommendations
    • 3. WHAT IS ACONCUSSION?
    • 4. “A concussion is a traumatic brain injurythat alters the way the brain functions.”– Mayo Clinic
    • 5. SHORT-TERM EFFECTS
    • 6. SECOND IMPACTSYNDROME
    • 7. LONG-TERM EFFECTS
    • 8. CTE
    • 9. History: The NFLand Concussions
    • 10. 1969 – NOCSAE begins research
    • 11. 1978 – helmets required in NFL
    • 12. $46 million toinjured players
    • 13. 1989 -- NFLcontracts withRiddell
    • 14. Early 1990’s --ProCap
    • 15. 1994 – The NFL pushes back
    • 16. 2013 – increased regulations
    • 17. REGULATIONS
    • 18. Lystedt Law
    • 19. NFL 2013 lawsuit
    • 20. TECHNOLOGICALADVANCES
    • 21. X-GuardX2 Biosystems TechnologyX-Patch
    • 22. Riddell’s “Revolution”
    • 23. RECOMMENDATIONS
    • 24. 1. Continued RuleChanges
    • 25. 2. Implement technological advances
    • 26. 3. Change in Attitude