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Calf Starter Qlf Presentation 08
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Calf Starter Qlf Presentation 08

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Calf Starter Qlf Presentation 08 Calf Starter Qlf Presentation 08 Presentation Transcript

  • Curtis Alderson Quality Liquid Feeds Starting Calves
  • Poor Immunity Depressed Intake Sickness Stress Shrink Challenges
  • S ick cattle don’t eat, Cattle that don’t eat get sick.
  • The step to overcome in a stressed or sick animal is stimulating feed intake. By Week 3, DMI for the entire feeding period can be predicted.
  • Water
    • The most important nutrient in the diet
    • Clean Supply
    • may have concerns w/ contaminants
      • sulfur, nitrates, TDS etc.
  • Goal of Starting Diets
    • Stimulate feed intake
    • Stimulate rumen microbial growth
    • Stimulate an active immune system
  • Starting Diets
    • Potentially lower intakes so calves need a nutrient dense diet.
  • Starting Diet: Energy
    • Forage alone is not an adequate starting diet
    • Target energy level = 47 Mcal of NEg (DM basis)
    • Approximately 30% roughage and 70% ETOH byproducts, grain and supplement.
  • Starting Diet: Protein
    • Higher protein levels are necessary
    • Sources should be palatable
    • Blends of natural protein and NPN
  • Nutrient Requirements for Stressed 500 lb calves
      • DMI 13-14 pounds
      • Crude Protein (12-15%)
      • Energy 47 Mcal
      • Calcium 0.6-0.8 %
      • Phosphorus 0.3-0.4 %
      • Vitamin A 25,000 IU/d
      • Vitamin E 400 IU/d
      • Zinc 400 mg/d
      • Copper 125 mg/d
  • Starting Diet Concepts
    • Highly palatable
    • Elevated Organic & inorganic forms of trace minerals:
      • Zn, Cu, K, Mn, Co, I, Se
    • Elevated levels of Vitamins A & E
  • Vaccination Success
    • Is dependant on the immune system to respond
      • Immune system must have adequate protein, energy and vitamins & trace minerals
  • Zinc higher levels, organic & inorganic
    • Zn deficiency depresses immunity
    • Zn methionine (Zinpro) increased gain and decreased morbidity compared to controls
    • Zinc supplementation can improve gain of sick calves
  • Copper higher levels, organic & inorganic
    • Copper deficiency depresses the immune system.
    • During stress, complexed copper increases absorption and retention of copper.
  • Potassium
    • K is lost during shipping,
    • Receiving diets should contain 1.2 to 1.4% (DM) potassium (K)
    • Alfalfa hay - high K
      • May contribute to scour or bloat problems
  • NutriStart & CoreStart
        • Molasses based, highly palatable, smell attracts calves
        • Liquid helps to condition dry diets
        • Feeding rate 1-3 lbs.
  • Feedlot Diets
  • Feeding ETOH By-products Pricing
    • Mod WDGS 13.5-15.5 X corn price
    • $5 corn = $75 ton mWDGS
    • $85 /.45= $189 t (dry matter)
    • x 0.85 = $ 161 t (corn as fed)
    • $0.08 x 56 = $4.50 bushel
  • Pro’s & Cons
    • Pros
    • No starch, digestible fiber
    • Improves palatability
    • Source of by-pass protein, Phos, fat
    • Less foundering and acidosis
    • Cons
    • Handling
    • Storage losses
    • Delivery/availability
    • High sulfur
      • Mineral antagonist
      • PEM (polio’s)
  • Supplement Strategies
    • High P requires higher Ca
      • To prevent urinary calculi
    • High S interacts w/: Zn, Cu, Se
      • Thiamine for PEM? maybe
    • Mostly by-pass protein: some NPN supplies a readily available source of rumen ammonia.
  • Why liquid?
    • Cadillac of mixing and staying dispersed.
    • Ease and accuracy of handling
      • Push a button
    • Once mixed, stays mixed.
    • Can lower dust.
    • $380 /ton R 650
    • 11.5 % Ca
    • 2.5 -3.2 % inclusion
    • Cost / head 10-13 cents
    • $260/ ton R 400
    • 8 % Ca
    • 5-7 % inclusion
    • Cost 13-16 cents
  • Country Partners
    • Starters: Nutri-Start, Core-Start
    • Feedlot Co 20