The main thrust of the paper is to compare United States health care system with Canada’s universal health insurance program. The paper compares different health care insurance programs provided by U.S. and Canadian government. In this case, health insurance coverage will refer to groups of people qualifying to enroll in U.S and Canada health programs. The analysis of U.S. health program will mainly focus on Medicare, Medicaid, and private insurance programs. For the case of Canada, the analysis will explore the strengths and weaknesses of Canada’s universal and single payer health insurance system. In a bid to make a clear comparative study of both countries; the evaluation will be based on health care cost, health care accessibility level and the general health status.
U.S. Health Care System:
The United States health system has a combination of both publicly and privately funded programs. The U.S health care system is considered to be excellent in certain fields but not faring well in many quality measurement compared to other developed countries (Manning, 1991). Unlike Canada, the United States does not have a national insurance program but have two most important public health care programs, Medicare and Medicaid (Irvine, 2002). Another equally important federal funded health program is the military medical services and veteran’s medical.
The national health insurance initiative was first proposed by President Roosevelt in 1943 but was opposed by some lawmakers and a cross section of the general public (Reinhard, 1992). Medicare and Medicaid were enacted as Title XVIII and Title XIX of the Social Security Act to provide health insurance to Americans aged 65 and above, low-income families and people with disabilities.