Global Development and Social Justice Obesity is on the rise
Facts about Obesity According to the World Health Organization <ul><li>According to WHO’s data from 2005, approximately 1....
http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity / Size Scale
Consequences of Obesity <ul><li>Cardiovascular disease  </li></ul><ul><li>(Heart disease and stroke are the world’s leadin...
Effects of Obesity in Low and Middle Income Countries <ul><li>Chronic disease risk factors such as obesity and overweight ...
How Can Overweight and Obesity be Reduced <ul><li>Limit the intake of total fats and modify the fat consumption from satur...
World Health Organization’s Strategy For Preventing Overweight and Obesity   <ul><li>In 2004, the World Health Assembly ad...
The Organization for Economic  Co-operation and Development <ul><li>The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Develop...
These countries were more inclined to: <ul><li>Replace nutritional food with “junk” food. </li></ul><ul><li>Replace water ...
http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity
Group 1 <ul><li>According to the numbers on these graphs, the “chubby” population is disappearing and being replaced with ...
Group 2 <ul><li>The countries in Group 2 include France, Italy, Austria, and South Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>These countrie...
http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity
Obese People Aged Over 18 years and by Sex In Italy, by Region  Year 2007 (rates per hundred people and standardized rates...
2008 State Obesity rates   24.60% 52.20% 67.90% Wyoming 32.80% 61.30% 70.20% Mississipi 24.30% 53.60% 70.00% Minnesota 28....
Websites for U.S. Obesity Statistics <ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/trends.html#State </li></ul><ul><li>http://ww...
Projected prevalence of obesity in adults by 2025 http://www.iuns.org/features/obesity/tabfig.htm#Table%203
Global Dump Soft Drinks Campaign <ul><li>In 2007, the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the International Asso...
<ul><li>The following is an interesting video found on YouTube suggesting using large corporations such as Coca Cola to ou...
 
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Global Development And Obesity

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Global Development And Obesity

  1. 1. Global Development and Social Justice Obesity is on the rise
  2. 2. Facts about Obesity According to the World Health Organization <ul><li>According to WHO’s data from 2005, approximately 1.6 billion adults over the age of 15 were overweight and 400 million were obese worldwide. </li></ul><ul><li>In that same year, approximately 20 million children under the age of 5 were overweight, worldwide. </li></ul><ul><li>WHO predicts that by the year 2015, there will be approximately 2.3 billion adults overweight and over 700 million obese adults worldwide. </li></ul>http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/index.html
  3. 3. http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity / Size Scale
  4. 4. Consequences of Obesity <ul><li>Cardiovascular disease </li></ul><ul><li>(Heart disease and stroke are the world’s leading cause of death, resulting in 17 million deaths per year.) </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>(WHO predicts that there will be an increase in deaths of over 50% in the next ten years resulting from diabetes.) </li></ul><ul><li>Musculoskeletal disorders such as osteoarthritis </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Childhood obesity is linked to a higher risk of premature death and disability in adulthood. </li></ul>http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/index.html
  5. 5. Effects of Obesity in Low and Middle Income Countries <ul><li>Chronic disease risk factors such as obesity and overweight are affecting low and middle – income countries in addition to the dilemma of infectious diseases and under-nutrition, specifically in urban settings. </li></ul><ul><li>Both under-nutrition and obesity exist within the same countries, communities and households. </li></ul><ul><li>This problem is a result of insufficient pre-natal care, infant, and child nutrition followed by the intake of high-fat, energy-dense, poor foods lacking the proper nutrients to sustain a healthy individual, along with insufficient physical activity. </li></ul>http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/index.html
  6. 6. How Can Overweight and Obesity be Reduced <ul><li>Limit the intake of total fats and modify the fat consumption from saturated fats to unsaturated fats. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the intake of fruits and vegetables, legumes, whole grains, and nuts, while decreasing the consumption of sugars. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing exercise. </li></ul>http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/index.html
  7. 7. World Health Organization’s Strategy For Preventing Overweight and Obesity <ul><li>In 2004, the World Health Assembly adopted the WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health. </li></ul><ul><li>This strategy: </li></ul><ul><li>Advocates for health promotion and chronic disease prevention and control. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes health particularly in poor and disadvantaged populations. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes the deceleration and reversal of trends in the common chronic disease risk factors. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes the prevention of premature deaths and disability due to these major chronic diseases. </li></ul>http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/index.html
  8. 8. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development <ul><li>The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development has published a paper titled, The Obesity Epidemic: Analysis of Past and Projected Future Trends in Selected OECD Countries . </li></ul><ul><li>This paper has divided countries into 2 groups. Group 1 consists of the United States, Canada, England and Australia these countries represent “phase 1” of globalization of the western diet. </li></ul>http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity/
  9. 9. These countries were more inclined to: <ul><li>Replace nutritional food with “junk” food. </li></ul><ul><li>Replace water with Coca Cola </li></ul><ul><li>Replace whole grains with Wonder bread. </li></ul><ul><li>Replace walkable communities with SUV required suburbs. </li></ul>http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity
  10. 10. http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity
  11. 11. Group 1 <ul><li>According to the numbers on these graphs, the “chubby” population is disappearing and being replaced with either overweight people decreasing into the healthy weight category or people becoming obese or morbidly obese. </li></ul>http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity
  12. 12. Group 2 <ul><li>The countries in Group 2 include France, Italy, Austria, and South Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>These countries are expected to grow at a slower pace in their obesity rates, than the countries in Group 1, but in a faster pace in their overweight rates. </li></ul><ul><li>This difference is presumed to be a cause of these countries still being at an earlier stage in the progression of obesity as a result of the “Western Diet and Lifestyle.” </li></ul>http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity
  13. 13. http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity
  14. 14. Obese People Aged Over 18 years and by Sex In Italy, by Region Year 2007 (rates per hundred people and standardized rates) Note: Total equals the percentage of both males and females of the total population of the region. http://www.istat.it/sanita/sociosan/english.html 6.70 61.94 38.06 ITALY 8.90 62.92 37.08 Islands 7.00 59.71 40.29 South 8.00 62.03 37.97 Center 5.60 63.64 36.36 Nord-East 5.50 62.96 37.04 Nord-West 8.80 62.64 37.36 Sardinia 9.00 62.92 37.08 Sicily 9.10 62.43 37.57 Calabria 8.30 58.18 41.82 Basilicata 6.70 60.61 39.39 Puglia 6.50 58.14 41.86 Campania 6.50 56.92 43.08 Molise 6.60 59.85 40.15 Abruzzo 7.40 62.59 37.41 Lazio 8.30 59.39 40.61 Marche 8.50 64.88 35.12 Umbria 8.50 61.31 38.69 Toscana 6.30 64.00 36.00 Emilia-Romagna 7.80 60.78 39.22 Liguria 5.60 66.06 33.94 Friuli-Venezia Giulia 5.20 63.46 36.54 Veneto 4.20 54.22 45.78 Trento 3.50 57.97 42.03 Bolzano-Bozen 3.80 55.84 44.16 Trentino-Alto Adige 4.80 63.16 36.84 Lombardia 5.50 60.91 39.09 Valle d'Aosta 6.10 63.64 36.36 Piemonte Total Females Males  
  15. 15. 2008 State Obesity rates 24.60% 52.20% 67.90% Wyoming 32.80% 61.30% 70.20% Mississipi 24.30% 53.60% 70.00% Minnesota 28.90% 54.00% 70.70% Michigan 20.90% 45.20% 66.40% Massachusettes 26.00% 54.80% 68.40% Maryland 25.20% 51.10% 69.50% Maine 28.30% 53.20% 69.00% Louisiana 29.80% 56.70% 73.60% Kentucky 27.40% 53.00% 73.60% Kansas 26.00% 51.00% 71.40% Iowa 26.30% 54.30% 68.80% Indiana 26.40% 51.90% 71.70% Illinois 24.50% 51.90% 67.30% Idaho 22.60% 47.80% 65.60% Hawaii 27.30% 55.30% 70.50% Georgia 24.40% 48.70% 66.90% Florida 21.80% 49.80% 56.50% Washington DC 27.00% 54.00% 69.80% Delaware 21.00% 46.60% 69.40% Connecticut 18.50% 43.30% 62.60% Colorado 23.70% 50.40% 66.80% California 28.70% 53.30% 73.30% Arkansas 24.80% 47.70% 68.30% Arizona 26.10% 56.00% 70.90% Alaska 31.40% 57.60% 74.00% Alabama Total Female Male State 25.40% 51.90% 71.40% Wisconsin 31.20% 59.30% 74.70% West Virgina 25.40% 51.50% 67.50% Washinton 25.00% 51.60% 65.90% Virginia 22.70% 49.10% 65.50% Vermont 22.50% 48.30% 64.70% Utah 28.30% 53.70% 70.30% Texas 30.60% 58.80% 72.00% Tennessee 27.50% 52.90% 72.60% South Dakota 30.10% 56.65% 70.40% South Carolina 21.50% 49.90% 66.50% Rhode Island 27.70% 53.20% 71.30% Pennsylvania 24.20% 50.00% 68.50% Oregon 30.30% 56.65% 72.30% Oklahoma 28.70% 53.80% 69.10% Ohio 27.10% 52.40% 76.70% North Dakota 29.00% 56.10% 70.50% North Carolina 24.40% 50.30% 65.40% New York 25.20% 51.00% 65.00% New Mexico 22.90% 49.50% 67.90% New Jersey 24.00% 49.00% 73.20% New Hamshire 25.00% 48.80% 70.20% Nevada 26.60% 53.90% 70.50% Nebraska 23.90% 50.10% 70.10% Montana 28.50% 56.90% 71.70% Missouri Total Female Male State
  16. 16. Websites for U.S. Obesity Statistics <ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/trends.html#State </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.obesity.org/statistics/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.statehealthfacts.org/comparebar.jsp?ind=90&cat=2 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Projected prevalence of obesity in adults by 2025 http://www.iuns.org/features/obesity/tabfig.htm#Table%203
  18. 18. Global Dump Soft Drinks Campaign <ul><li>In 2007, the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the International Association of Consumer Food Organizations worked together to launch the Global Dump Soft Drinks Campaign at the Consumers International World Congress in Sydney, Australia. </li></ul><ul><li>This campaign has asked governments to require soft-drink producers to stop advertising their beverages to children under 16 and to require a tax on these soft-drinks in order to fund nutrition and fitness programs. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to this, the campaign works to promote the marketing of lower-sugar products, selling in smaller portions, and ending sales of these beverages in all public and private elementary and high schools. </li></ul>http://www.worldwatch.org/node/5492
  19. 19. <ul><li>The following is an interesting video found on YouTube suggesting using large corporations such as Coca Cola to our advantage rather than disadvantage. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Lets Make Better Choices To Make a Better World

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