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New Zealand

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Everything you need to know about this beautiful country :-) !

Everything you need to know about this beautiful country :-) !

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  • 1. New Zealand by Elyse Desmicht, Hanne Van Bruggen and Joyce Van Dingenen http:// www.youtube.com / watch ?v=lHADXK9_ jsI
  • 2. New Zealand
    • We will tell you more about:
    • New Zealand Facts
    • Economy
    • Education
    • History
    • Geography and climate
    • Fauna and flora
    • Arts
    • Food
    • Sports
    • Film
  • 3. New Zealand Facts
  • 4. 1. Facts
    • Design an ID-card for New Zealand
    • Make 2 groups
    • Group 1 does facts 1 to 5 (Trotter)
    • Group 2 does facts 6 to 10 (Internet)
    • Complete on the blackboard
    • Who is first ???
    • Prize = Zespri kiwi for each winning group member
  • 5. 1. Facts New Zealand Dollar or “Kiwi” Dollar
  • 6. 1. Facts
    • National anthem “God defend New Zealand”
    • http:// www.youtube.com / watch ?v=Z2ToGR1Sb98
  • 7. 1. Facts New Zealand flag
  • 8. New Zealand History
  • 9. 2. History
    • a) Legend has it…
  • 10. 2. History
    • b) The Maori
    • Who?
    • First settlers of New Zealand
    • Polynesians from Tonga and Samoa
  • 11. 2. History
    • b) The Maori
    • Maori expedition :
    • Leaded by chief Ngahua
    • To find jade
    • 8 canoes of 30 metres
    • 100 Maori
  • 12. 2. History
    • b) The Maori
    • Name of New Zealand :
    • = Aotearoa
    • = land of the long white
    • cloud
    • = Nieuw Zeeland in Dutch
    • = New Zealand in English
  • 13. 2. History
    • b) The Maori
    • Maori lifestyle :
    • Tribes leaded by a chief
    • Large villages of wooden houses
    • Houses : trunks, curved reliefs, vivid colours
    • House of council : main house, to discuss
  • 14. 2. History
    • b) The Maori
    • Maori activities :
    • Fishing
    • Farming
    • Fighting
  • 15. 2. History
    • b) The Maori
    • Maori and Ta Moko :
    • Art of tattooing
    • Men on the face
    • Women on lips and torso
    • Parallel, spiral and volute lines
    • Proof of resistance to physical pain
    • Mark of wealth
  • 16. 2. History
    • b) The Maori
    • Maori as warriors :
    • Many conflicts between tribes
    • Well-trained and fierced soldiers
    • Weaponry : spear and wooden or jaden mace
    • Hei tiki
    • Haka
    • http:// www.youtube.com / watch ?v=fXDenhUwQL8
    • Cannibalism
  • 17. 2. History
    • c) Other settlers
    • The Dutch :
    • 1642 : Abel Trisman
    • = “ Pakeha” = white men
    • Failure at Murderer’s Bay
  • 18. 2. History
    • c) Other settlers
    • The British:
    • 1769 : Captain James Cook
    • Cook’s journal = inspiration
  • 19. 2. History
    • c) Other settlers
    • Other Europeans :
    • Late 1790s : North Island = trading place
    • The Musket wars
  • 20. 2. History
    • c) Other setters
    • Treaty of Waitangi :
    • Deal between Maori and British
    • British control
    • Maori protection and possession of land
    • 2 versions
    • Results into New Zealand Wars
    • 1947 : New Zealand independent
  • 21. 2. History
    • d) Current situation
    • 400,000 Maori
    • 1 Maori for 12 Pakeha
    • Maori lifestyle ~ Pakeha lifestyle
  • 22. New Zealand Economy
  • 23. 3. Economy
    • Market economy = prices of goods/services are determined ina free price system set by supply and demand.
    • 1. service sector
    • 2. manufacturing /construction
    • 3. farming/raw materials extraction
    • Dependent on international/free trade
    • Tourism
  • 24. 3. Economy : tourism
  • 25. 3. Economy
    • New Zealand China Free Trade Agreement
    • Since 1970s: - Brain Drain = large emigration of ind.
    • with technical skills
    • - Youth leaving
    • “ Kiwi lifestyle” : return
  • 26. New Zealand Education
  • 27. 4. Education
    • Three-tier model: 1. Primary school
    • 2. Secondary school/ High school
    • 3. Tertiary school
    • 1 + 2 = compulsory
    • 1. primary school/First school/ Lower school (8-10y)
    • 2. Middle School/Intermediate School (8-14y) : 3-4years
    • 3. High School/ Upper School
    • 4. ( Sixth Form)
  • 28. 4. Education
    • Tertiary education = not compulsory
    • = post-secondary education
    • - Colleges
    • - Universities
    • - Institutes of technology
    • - Polytechnics
  • 29. 4. Education
    • 3 Types of Schools: 1. State school
    • 2. State integrated school
    • 3. Private/registered/independent
    • schools
    • 1+2 = government funded
  • 30. New Zealand Geography
  • 31. 5. Geography
  • 32. 5. Geography Wellington Cook Strait
    • 2 major islands:
    • North and South Island
    • North Island => volcanism
    • South Island => Southern Alps
    • Capital is Wellington
    • Cook Strait is a 20 kilometres
    • wide strait that seperates the
    • North and South Island
  • 33. 5. Geography Mount Ruapehu Mount Cook
  • 34. 5. Geography Lake Taupo is New Zealand’s largest lake
  • 35. 5. Geography
    • New Zealand was created
    • by plate tectonic movements
    • drifted away from Antarctic
    • and later from Australia
    • new underwater continent
    • is called Zealandia
    • a part of Zealandia emerged
    • above sea level
    • New Zealand is still rising
  • 36. 5. Geography Volcanoes Geysers
    • New Zealand is situated on the boundary of 2 tectonic plates
    • Results in volcanoes, geysers,
    • and earthquakes
  • 37. New Zealand Climate
  • 38. 5. Climate
    • Sea and mountains cause
    • mild temperatures
    • high rainfall
    • many hours of sunshine
    • “ Four seasons in one day”
    • because of unexpected cold fronts or tropical cyclones blowing in
    15°C 9°C Average temperature
  • 39. 5. Climate
  • 40. New Zealand Fauna and flora
  • 41. 6. Fauna and Flora
    • 80% of fauna is native
    • Kauri forests in the North Island
    • Mountain beech forests and tussock grasslands in the
    • South Island
    • Many ferns and mosses
    • (link with high rainfall)
  • 42. 6. Fauna and Flora
    • North dominated by:
    • giant Kauri tree
    • largest Kauri is 51
    • metres high and over
    • 2000 years old
  • 43. 6. Fauna and flora
    • South is dominated by:
    • Mountain beech forests
    • Tussock grasslands
  • 44. 6. Fauna and flora
    • The New
    • Zealand Kowhai
    • tree has beautiful
    • yellow flowers
  • 45. 6. Fauna and flora The Pohutukawa tree is New Zealand’s Christmas tree because it blooms in December
  • 46. 6. Fauna and flora
    • National parks
    • cover 20% of total area
    • 2 World Heritage Areas:
    • - Tongariro (North)
    • 3 active volcanoes and
    • Lake Taupo
    • - Te Wahipounamu (South)
    • made up of 4 national parks
    • Mount Cook and
    • spectacular glaciers
  • 47. 6. Fauna and flora
    • National parks
    • provide opportunity for outdoor activities
  • 48. 6. Fauna and flora
    • Incredible variety of bird life
    • some of the birds became flightless
    • Why?
    Kiwi Takahe Kea
  • 49. 6. Fauna and flora
    • Kiwi :
    • national symbol
    • flightless
    • nocturnal
    • fierce and
    • territorial
    • endangered
  • 50. 6. Fauna and flora
    • Kea :
    • playfull
    • extremely
    • intelligent
    • passion
    • for rubber
  • 51. 6. Fauna and flora
    • Takahe
    • indigo plumage
    • red beak
    • believed to be extinct but rediscovered
  • 52. 6. Fauna and flora
    • Moa
    • only wingless bird
    • ever known
    • tallest bird ever
    • known
    • extinct
  • 53. 6. Fauna and flora
    • Tuatara
    • survived for 100 million years
    • beak-headed
    • only specy alive in this family of reptiles
    • living fossile for paleothologists
    • now living on protected offshore islands
  • 54. 6. Fauna and flora
    • Hector’s dolphin is only found in New Zealand waters
  • 55. 6. Fauna and flora
    • Restoration projects
    • What are New Zealand’s initiatives to protect endangered native birds?
    • http:// www.youtube.com / watch ?v=cTPrOC-30Nw
  • 56. New Zealand Art
  • 57. 7. Arts
  • 58. 7. Arts 7a ) pre-historic arts
  • 59. 7. Arts
    • Pre-historic arts :
    • Very first arts of New Zealand
    • Between 500 and 800 years old
    • On limestone rock shelters
    • Over 500 sites in the centre of South Island
    • Animals, people, fantastic creatures
    • By early Maori
  • 60. 7. Arts
  • 61. 7. Arts 7b ) Maori arts
  • 62. 7. Arts
    • b) Maori arts :
    • Most important art of New Zealand
    • Source of inspiration
    • Highly spiritual
    • Information about spiritual matters, ancestry,…
    • Governed by the rules of the Tapu
    • The spiral, the chevron, the koru
  • 63. 7. Arts
    • b) Maori Arts
    • 4 forms :
    • - Carving :
    • ~ In wood, stone, bone
    • ~ As decoration
    • ~ Hei Tiki , large scale stone faces
    • Ta Moko
    • = Art of tattooing
    • Weaving
    • ~ As gifts to important people
    • Painting
    • ~ Minor decoration
  • 64. 7. Arts
  • 65. 7. Arts 7c) Explorer’s art
  • 66. 7. Arts
    • c ) Explorer’s art :
    • Exploration ships included artists
    • To record newly discovered things
    • Isaac Gilsemans
    • 1642
  • 67. 7. Arts
  • 68. 7. Arts 7c) Explorer’s art
  • 69. 7. Arts
    • c) Explorer’s art :
    • Sir Joseph Banks & Sydney Parkinson
    • 1769
    • Fascination for Maori culture and country
    • First realistic depictions of Maori
    • Landscapes
    • Indigenous flora and fauna
  • 70. 7. Arts
  • 71. 7. Arts 7d) Pakeha Art
  • 72. 7. Arts
    • d) Pakeha art :
    • Pakeha?
    • Fascination continues
    • Portraits of chiefs
    • Landscape art as promotion
  • 73. 7. Arts
  • 74. 7. Arts 7 e) Maori renaissance
  • 75. 7. Arts
    • e) Maori renaissance :
    • A distinctive New Zealand style of art
    • Features of traditional Maori art
    • Gordon Walters
    • School for Traditional Maori Arts
  • 76. 7. Arts
    • f) 21th century :
    • Maori arts
    • European modernism
    • Ralph Hotere
  • 77. New Zealand Food
  • 78. 8. Food
    • Mix of influences
    • Distinctiveness : the way NZ eat : kiwistyle
    • Summer: BBQs “Maori hangi”
    • Fish and chips
    • Festivals: Wildwood festival (NZ wild foods), wine and food festivals
  • 79. hangi venison tongue lamb
  • 80. New Zealand Sports
  • 81. 9 . Sports
  • 82. 9. Sports
    • rugby, cricket, bowls, netball, soccer, motorsport,
    • golf, swimming, tennis , softball, rowing, yachting,
    • cycling
    • 1. RUGBY : country’s national identity
    • : All Blacks : HAKA (the KA-MATE)
    • 2. Cricket
    • 3. Horse Racing
    • 4. Extreme sports (bungee jumping, mountaineering,…)
  • 83. New Zealand Film
  • 84. 10. Film
    • Nature + variety in landscape = ideal for adventure films
    • King Kong
    • Chronicles of Narnia
    • Xena
    • Hercules
    • Lord of the Rings (Entire film!)
    • http:// www.youtube.com / watch ?v=XSr8jKqYIWM
  • 85. Quiz !!! Let’s see what you remember …
  • 86. The End