Reboot11 Elvira Berlingieri


Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Reboot11 Elvira Berlingieri

  1. 1. [email_address] Reboot11 – 25-26 june 2009 Copenhagen
  2. 2. Me and IT <ul><li>before </li></ul><ul><li>Italian </li></ul><ul><li>Left handed </li></ul><ul><li>Libra </li></ul><ul><li>Devil is in the details (paranoid) </li></ul><ul><li>Curious </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiast </li></ul><ul><li>after </li></ul><ul><li>Global </li></ul><ul><li>Left handed AND right handed </li></ul><ul><li>Libra </li></ul><ul><li>God is in the details (paranoia is a virtue) </li></ul><ul><li>Frustrated </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiast and law professional </li></ul>
  3. 3. Overview <ul><li>How do laws regarding IT are created? A quick case study </li></ul><ul><li>Do people have a role in the law making regarding IT? </li></ul><ul><li>A quick overview about something that is happening right now </li></ul>
  4. 4. Case study: how a technology-related law is born <ul><li>Software protection: zeitgeist </li></ul><ul><li>1964: first time ever copyright protection granted for software (US Copyright office) </li></ul><ul><li>1968: first time ever hardware and software had to be sold separately (USA Anti Trust lawsuit against IBM) </li></ul><ul><li>1969: fist law ever to mention software: France, denies patent protection applies but does not say what protection </li></ul><ul><li>1980: personal computers, end users licenses: Copyright protection for software becomes law in USA </li></ul><ul><li>1994: TRIPS Agreements: copyright protection has to apply to software </li></ul>
  5. 5. A simple way to put it
  6. 6. Crucial factor: what people in the business do and how they react sometimes matters
  7. 7. Law and technology: watchdog <ul><li>Child pornography </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of expression </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Computer crimes/ computer related crimes </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer’s rights </li></ul><ul><li>Net neutrality/ right to access </li></ul>
  8. 8. Three points <ul><li>Crime repression: need to increase international cooperation to catch criminals -> governments have self evident problems to put a law in force </li></ul><ul><li>Filtering content is not effective: the only way is to put down the Internet for a whole Nation </li></ul><ul><li>Right to expression and Internet: a new human right? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Freedom to expression <ul><li>Freedom of opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of media </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to be informed </li></ul><ul><li>(European Convention Human Rights, at. 10, Carter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, art. 11) </li></ul><ul><li>Fight and prevention of crime </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Iran effect:history in the making? <ul><li>12 june: elections. Population angst spreads against the results of elections deemed to be fake. </li></ul><ul><li>13 june: content in Iran becomes more filtered than before (notably video and emails and most form of interactive communication) </li></ul><ul><li>16 june: The US government asked Twitter to delay maintenance plans in order to allow Iranians to communicate while their government banned other media following elections </li></ul><ul><li>Now: people setting proxies to allow Iranian people to go on using Internet. Foreign governments and UN are officially staying out of the situation. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Proxies Source:
  12. 12. Proxies Source:
  13. 13. Much to do about noting! <ul><li>Software and tools are used to communicate in Iran and from Iran to the rest of the world -> more effective than traditional media </li></ul><ul><li>Many governments use filters for political purposeas: Guatemala, Moldavia, Burma, Saudi Arabia, China etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Note that filtering sysyems are common in western countries too (libraries in USA, child pornography in northern europe and Italy, policies on the workplace etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Governments are for the moment avoiding a role in Iran situation but a private company has been asked to delay maintenance: crucial role. Is this influence over a state sovereignty? </li></ul><ul><li>Google and Youtube: public advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Users: public advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Tools are from USA, the company is private and subject to US law BUT anyone can change API and use technology as od their needs: code is the law . </li></ul>
  14. 14. Open questions towards a worldwide free web <ul><li>Peace keeping – peace building: freedom to access to the web and right to information has been deemed in principle as one of the main elements of an established democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>Giving access to filtered/censored states: three critical points. 1. State sovereignity 2. the chilling effect 3. crime repression and filtering </li></ul><ul><li>Something new may come: people are acknowledging the right to self determination to other people </li></ul>
  15. 15. future <ul><li>Protect free access at least as free press, promote an international agreement that will deem filters and censorship as a violation of human rights </li></ul>
  16. 16. Thanks <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>