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Reboot11 Elvira Berlingieri

Reboot11 Elvira Berlingieri






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    Reboot11 Elvira Berlingieri Reboot11 Elvira Berlingieri Presentation Transcript

    • [email_address] Reboot11 – 25-26 june 2009 Copenhagen
    • Me and IT
      • before
      • Italian
      • Left handed
      • Libra
      • Devil is in the details (paranoid)
      • Curious
      • Enthusiast
      • after
      • Global
      • Left handed AND right handed
      • Libra
      • God is in the details (paranoia is a virtue)
      • Frustrated
      • Enthusiast and law professional
    • Overview
      • How do laws regarding IT are created? A quick case study
      • Do people have a role in the law making regarding IT?
      • A quick overview about something that is happening right now
    • Case study: how a technology-related law is born
      • Software protection: zeitgeist
      • 1964: first time ever copyright protection granted for software (US Copyright office)
      • 1968: first time ever hardware and software had to be sold separately (USA Anti Trust lawsuit against IBM)
      • 1969: fist law ever to mention software: France, denies patent protection applies but does not say what protection
      • 1980: personal computers, end users licenses: Copyright protection for software becomes law in USA
      • 1994: TRIPS Agreements: copyright protection has to apply to software
    • A simple way to put it
    • Crucial factor: what people in the business do and how they react sometimes matters
    • Law and technology: watchdog
      • Child pornography
      • Copyright
      • Freedom of expression
      • Privacy
      • Computer crimes/ computer related crimes
      • Consumer’s rights
      • Net neutrality/ right to access
    • Three points
      • Crime repression: need to increase international cooperation to catch criminals -> governments have self evident problems to put a law in force
      • Filtering content is not effective: the only way is to put down the Internet for a whole Nation
      • Right to expression and Internet: a new human right?
    • Freedom to expression
      • Freedom of opinion
      • Freedom of media
      • Freedom to be informed
      • (European Convention Human Rights, at. 10, Carter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, art. 11)
      • Fight and prevention of crime
    • The Iran effect:history in the making?
      • 12 june: elections. Population angst spreads against the results of elections deemed to be fake.
      • 13 june: content in Iran becomes more filtered than before (notably video and emails and most form of interactive communication)
      • 16 june: The US government asked Twitter to delay maintenance plans in order to allow Iranians to communicate while their government banned other media following elections
      • Now: people setting proxies to allow Iranian people to go on using Internet. Foreign governments and UN are officially staying out of the situation.
    • Proxies Source: www.renesys.com
    • Proxies Source: www.renesys.com
    • Much to do about noting!
      • Software and tools are used to communicate in Iran and from Iran to the rest of the world -> more effective than traditional media
      • Many governments use filters for political purposeas: Guatemala, Moldavia, Burma, Saudi Arabia, China etc.
      • Note that filtering sysyems are common in western countries too (libraries in USA, child pornography in northern europe and Italy, policies on the workplace etc)
      • Governments are for the moment avoiding a role in Iran situation but a private company has been asked to delay maintenance: crucial role. Is this influence over a state sovereignty?
      • Google and Youtube: public advocacy
      • Users: public advocacy
      • Tools are from USA, the company is private and subject to US law BUT anyone can change API and use technology as od their needs: code is the law .
    • Open questions towards a worldwide free web
      • Peace keeping – peace building: freedom to access to the web and right to information has been deemed in principle as one of the main elements of an established democracy.
      • Giving access to filtered/censored states: three critical points. 1. State sovereignity 2. the chilling effect 3. crime repression and filtering
      • Something new may come: people are acknowledging the right to self determination to other people
    • future
      • Protect free access at least as free press, promote an international agreement that will deem filters and censorship as a violation of human rights
    • Thanks
      • [email_address]
      • http://www.linkedin.com/in/berlingieri
      • http://elvlog.wordpress.com/