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Indias pride

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  • 1. India’s Pride… There Musical Instruments
  • 2. • Instruments are made from materials found in the environment. • Woods, metals, strings, bronze, bamboo and leaves are just some of the common materials use to create instrument. • Asian country like India and the Philippines use wood, bronze, metal and bamboo.
  • 3. • The development of the characteristics of Indian music leads to the development of the Indian musical instrument. • This instrument play a major role in characterizing Indian music. • The sitar carries the melody. • The tabla provides the rhythmic accompaniment. • Tambura produces drone.
  • 4. • India’s intricate musical system is accompanied by these three very important instruments: »Tambura »Sitar »Tabla
  • 5. • The musical instruments of India are grouped based on their melodic and rhythmic functions. 1. Percussion instrument 2. Melodic instrument
  • 6. • The melodic instrument are further subdivided into: 1. stringed or plucked (tat) 2. bowed string (vitat) 3. wind blown (sushir) 4. membranous (avanadoh) 5. non-membranous (ghan)
  • 7. Drums/Percussion
  • 8. Tabla Pair • Most common and popular drum in Northern India • Pair of drums – one for the left and one for the right. • Made of wood and has head made of stretched animal skin. • Both drums have black spots at the center that are made of manganese and iron dust. • Played by means of tapping.
  • 9. Mridangam • Classical drum of Southern India. • Literally means clay – body, it was originally made of clay. • Barrel shaped double – headed drums. • Placed between the thighs of players. • Used to perform the tala.
  • 10. String Instruments
  • 11. Veena • It is the most distinctive instrument in Southern India. • It is carved from the single block of jack wood which continues as a long fretted neck, wherein another resonator is attached. • It has seven strings that function differently. • Four strings are used to play the melody while the remaining three strings are used to play the drone.
  • 12. Tambura • The tambura is a drone that are instrument that is made of jack wood. • It consists of a long unfretted neck which has 4 to 6 tuning pegs inserted into the upper end of the resonator. • It is essential to all classical performances especially in concert. • It is held upright and place on the lap of the instrumentalist. • The strings are plucked by the forefinger and middle finger.
  • 13. Sarangi • The sarangi is the most popular stringed instrument that is used to accompany vocal music. • It is shaped like a squashed guitar. • It is made from a block of hollowed out wood and cover with parchment. • It has no frets and is played with bow. • It has a sympathetic vibrator that makes a harmonious sound.
  • 14. Sitar • The sitar is the most popular stringed instrument in Northern India. • It is made of ivory inlay, teakwood and seasoned gourds. • It has a long neck with 20 metals frets and six to seven main strings. • It is used for solo parts in composition.
  • 15. Sarod • The sarod is a musical instrument that is smaller than the sitar. • It is plucked with a piece of coconut shell.
  • 16. Wind Instrument
  • 17. Flute • Flute is one of the oldest and most commonly used wind instruments in the Southern part of India. • It is made of different materials like bamboo, ivory, ebony, sandalwood or metal. • The South Indian flute is about fourteen inches long with eight finger holes of uniform size.
  • 18. Nagaswaran • It is a double reed instrument with a conical bore that enlarges towards the end. • It has seven finger holes with five additional holes drilled at the bottom that are used as controllers. • The instrument are played in temples, procession, festivals and in marriage ceremonies.