The art of china 1


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The art of china 1

  2. 2. <ul><li>The early Chinese art so-called “stone age art” dates back to 10000 BC most consisting of simple pottery and sculptures. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Chinese art encompasses fine arts, and performances arts. It has varied througout its ancient history, divided into periods by ruling dynasties: the Shang, T’ang, Sui, Sung, Yuan Ming ang Qing </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>There is a relationship between painting and writing in China which are usually done on vertical hanging scroll or horizontal hand scrolls. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese sculptors preferred to use symbols rather than life subjects. Flowers, plants, and birds are favorite subjects of Chinese painters. </li></ul><ul><li>China gave the world the fan, umbrella, paper lantern, chopsticks, kites, calligraphy, and pagoda architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>An ornamental stone. The Jade from this culture is characterized by finely worked, large ritual jades such as Cong cylinders, Bi discs, Yue axes and also pendants and decorations in the form of chiseled open-work plaques, plates and representations of small birds, turtles and fish. The Liangzhu Jade has a white, milky bone-like aspect due to its Tremolite rock origin and influence of water-based fluids at the burial sites. Jade is a green stone that cannot be carved so it has to be ground. </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Pagodas - are tiered square, tower-like buildings with multiple eaves. These were used as holy shelters for Buddhist religious objects. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a place of worship, a tomb-like structure where sacred relics could be kept safe and venerated. </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>I s a series of stone and earthen fortifications in </li></ul><ul><li>China, built, rebuilt, and maintained between the </li></ul><ul><li>6th century BC and the 16th century to protect </li></ul><ul><li>the northern borders of the Chinese Empire </li></ul><ul><li>from Xiongnu attacks. </li></ul>
  8. 12. <ul><li>The stunning “bubble building” being built for the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, we felt it necessary to mention an equally-awesome structure under construction just across the way. Herzog and DeMeuron’s Olympic Stadium, fondly referred to by some as the “Bird’s Nest,” is a feat of engineering, an aesthetic marvel, and an uber-green machine to boot. </li></ul>
  9. 13. <ul><li>Buddhism arrived in China around the 1st century AD, and through to the 8th century it became very active and creative in the development of Buddhist art, particularly in the area of statuary. Receiving this distant religion, China soon incorporated strong Chinese traits in its artistic expression. </li></ul><ul><li>In the fifth to sixth century the Northern Dynasties, rather removed from the original sources of inspiration, tended to develop rather symbolic and abstract modes of representation, with schematic lines. Their style is also said to be solemn and majestic. The lack of corporeality of this art, and its distance from the original Buddhist objective of expressing the pure ideal of enlightenment in an accessible, realistic manner, progressively led to a research towards more naturalism and realism, leading to the expression of Tang Buddhist art. </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Things made of bronze having a very high design or artistry were added to simple artworks. </li></ul><ul><li>CALLIGRAPHY & PAINTING – became highly appreciated arts in court circles, with a great deal of work done well on silk until after the invention of paper. Develop to serve as a medium of communication as well as a form of artistic expression. </li></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>Porcelain is made from a hard paste made of the clay and a feldspar called petuntse which cements the vessel and seals any pores. Porcelain was introduced and was refined to the point that in English the china has become synonymous with high quality porcelain. </li></ul>
  12. 16. <ul><li>a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the </li></ul><ul><li>armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of </li></ul><ul><li>China. It is a form of funerary artburied with the </li></ul><ul><li>emperor in 210-209 BC and whose purpose was </li></ul><ul><li>to help guard his empire in his afterlife. </li></ul>
  13. 18. <ul><li>The art of writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Calligraphy and painting became highly appreciated arts in court circles, with great deal of work done well on silk until after the invention of paper. </li></ul>
  14. 20. A scene of two horses back riders from a wall paper in the tomb of Lou Rui at Taiyuan, Shanxi, Northern Qi Dynasty (550–577)
  15. 21. Northern Wei wall murals and painted figurines from the Yungang Grottoes, dated 5th to 6th centuries.
  16. 22. Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove , an Eastern Jin tomb painting from Nanjing, now located in the Shaanxi Provincial Museum.
  17. 23. <ul><li>T he primary subject matter of painting </li></ul><ul><li>was the landscape, known as shanshu </li></ul><ul><li>(mountain water) painting. In these </li></ul><ul><li>landscapes, usually monochromatic </li></ul><ul><li>and sparse, the purpose was not to </li></ul><ul><li>reproduce exactly the appearance of </li></ul><ul><li>nature but rather to grasp an emotion or </li></ul><ul><li>atmosphere so as to catch the &quot;rhythm“ </li></ul><ul><li>of nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Dong Yuan was an active painter in the </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Tang Kingdom. He was known </li></ul><ul><li>for both figure and landscape paintings, </li></ul>
  18. 24. <ul><li>Song Painting </li></ul><ul><li>Immeasurable distances were conveyed </li></ul><ul><li>through the use of blurred outlines,mountain contours disappearing into the mist, </li></ul><ul><li>Impressionistic treatment of natural phenomena. </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis was placed on the spiritual qualities of the painting and on the ability of the artist to reveal the inner harmony of man and nature, as perceived according to Taoist and Buddhist concepts. </li></ul><ul><li>A wooden Bodhisattva </li></ul>
  19. 25. <ul><li>Buddhist architecture and sculpture thrived when Buddhism arrived in China. The Tang dynasty was particular China’s peak of power and influence. The people enjoyed prosperity; military campaigns extended the boundaries of the empire, foreign trade increased, and Buddhism grew in strength. It was then when Buddhist sculpture returned to a classical form, inspired by Indian art. </li></ul>
  20. 26. <ul><li>Paintings of more subtle expression of landscapes appeared, with blurred outlines and mountain contours which conveyed distance. While western artists continued to focus their attention on people, artists in china preferred to concentrate on nature and landscape painting. </li></ul><ul><li>Zhao Mengfu - painting was greatly influence with his landscape paintings. </li></ul><ul><li>Kuo Shi - claimed that the value of landscape painting in its capacity to make viewers feel as if they were reallky in the place pictured. </li></ul>
  21. 27. <ul><li>Artwork perfected color painting and color printing, with a wider color range and busier compositions than Sung paintings. In painting, nature scenes of great beauty were done on silk and paper. </li></ul>
  22. 28. <ul><li>Art reveals the lives of people. </li></ul><ul><li>China has produced over 4,000 years of artwork. </li></ul><ul><li>This has taken the form of decorated pottery, metal utensils , painting, calligraphy. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese art incorporated and expressed the meaning of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Art was ingrained with a sense of harmony that existed between the individual and the universe. </li></ul>
  23. 29. <ul><li>Materials : Construction papers or assorted Japanese paper, Scissors, Tape, Stapler, Ruler, strings, Pencil and Glue, glitter, sequins, if desired to decorate your lantern </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure: </li></ul><ul><li>Use your ruler to measure and cut one inch off the short end of your paper. Set aside to use as the handle. </li></ul><ul><li>Fold your paper in half lengthwise. </li></ul><ul><li>Draw a line one inch from the end of the long edge of the paper opposite the folded edge. This will be the line where you stop cutting. </li></ul><ul><li>Measure and mark lines one inch apart starting at the folded edge and moving towards the &quot;stop cutting&quot; line. (see photo) </li></ul><ul><li>Cut on the marked lines up to the &quot;stop cutting&quot; line. </li></ul><ul><li>Unfold the paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Re-crease the paper in the opposite direction. This will hide any pencil marks. </li></ul><ul><li>Match the long edges together on the lantern and use tape to hold it in place. </li></ul><ul><li>Staple the handle to the top of the lantern. (see photo) </li></ul><ul><li>Make as many lanterns as you wish and display them around your home. </li></ul><ul><li>If you wish, add glue, glitter, sequins or other things to decorate your lanterns. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  26. 32. <ul><li>MY TRAVEL GUIDE BROCHURE IN EAST ASIA (China/Korea/Japan) </li></ul><ul><li>Materials: magazines of assorted arts and crafts of China, glue, </li></ul><ul><li>folder and decorative materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Collect pictures of different arts and crafts that contributed </li></ul><ul><li>greatly to the cultural development and artistic achievement of </li></ul><ul><li>each country. Anything that can be seen once you visit the </li></ul><ul><li>country. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Prepare a folders where you can place all your collections. Put </li></ul><ul><li>a simple description. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Be ready for the oral presentation of you work.  </li></ul><ul><li>4. Pictures: Minimum (5) Maximum (10) per each country. </li></ul>