<ul><li>What is Basketball? </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Hall of Fame </li></ul><ul><li>The NBA </li></ul><ul><li>Positions </li></ul><ul><li>Greats to Play the Game </li></ul><ul><li>Author’s Page </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Concept Map </li></ul>Quit
What is Basketball? <ul><li>Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by propelling a ball through a 10 ft high hoop (the goal) under organized rules. Basketball is one of the most popular and widely viewed sports in the world. </li></ul>Quit
What is Basketball? (cont) <ul><li>While competitive basketball is primarily an indoor sport, played on a basketball court, less regulated variations have become exceedingly popular as an outdoor sport among both inner city and rural groups </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques involved in the sport include: shooting, rebounding, passing, dribbling, blocking, and stealing </li></ul>Quit
History of the game <ul><li>In early December 1891, Dr. James Naismith, a Canadian physical education student and instructor at YMCA Training School (today, Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts, sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters to keep the students in shape. </li></ul><ul><li>After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. </li></ul>Quit
History continued <ul><li>The first official game was played in the YMCA gymnasium on January 20, 1892 with nine players and the game ended at 1-0 with the game-winning shot made from 25 feet, on a court just half the size of a present-day National Basketball Association (NBA) court. "Basket ball", the name suggested by one of Naismith's students, was popular from the beginning. By 1897-1898 teams of five became standard. </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1950s, basketball had become a major college sport, thus having the way for a growth of interest in professional basketball. </li></ul>Quit
Facilities & Equipment <ul><li>COURT </li></ul><ul><li>The court is a rectangular plain, spacious flat surface and free of obstacles sizes is 26 m x 14 m measured from the inner portion of the lines. Lines bounding the court should be 5 cm thick. Ceiling must not be less than 7 m. </li></ul>Quit
Facilities & Equipment <ul><li>The Ball </li></ul><ul><li>The ball may be advanced toward the basket by being shot, passed between players, thrown, tapped, rolled or dribbled (bouncing the ball while running). Weight is 600-650- g </li></ul><ul><li>Circumference is 75-76 cm. Bounce should be 1.80 m and less than 1.20 m. </li></ul><ul><li>The size of the basketball is also regulated. For men, the official ball is 29.5 inches (74.9 cm) in circumference (size 7, or a "295 ball") and weighs 22 ounces (624 g). If women are playing, the official basketball size is 28.5 inches (72.4 cm) in circumference (size 6, or a "285 ball") with a weight of 20 ounces (567 g) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Quit
Facilities & Equipment <ul><li>The Ring </li></ul><ul><li>The basket is a steel rim 18 inches (45.7 cm) in diameter with an attached net affixed to a backboard that measures 6 feet (182.9 cm) by 3.5 feet (106.7 cm), and one basket is at each end of the court. The white outlined box on the backboard is 18 inches (45.7 cm) high and 2 feet (61.0 cm) wide. At almost all levels of competition, the top of the rim is exactly 10 feet (305 cm) above the court and 4 feet (121.9 cm) inside the baseline. </li></ul>Quit
Positions <ul><li>Point guard: Usually the fastest player on the team, organizes the team's offense by controlling the ball and making sure that it gets to the right player at the right time; can also be called the “Floor General” </li></ul><ul><li>Shooting guard: Creates a high volume of shots on offense; tends to guard the opponent's best perimeter player on defense </li></ul><ul><li>Small forward: Often primarily responsible for scoring points via cuts to the basket and dribble penetration; on defense seeks rebounds and steals </li></ul><ul><li>Power forward: Plays offensively often with his back to the basket; on defense, plays under the basket (in a zone defense) or against the opposing power forward (in man-to-man defense) </li></ul><ul><li>Center: Uses size to score (on offense), to protect the basket closely (on defense), or to rebound. </li></ul>Quit
Skills in Basketball PASS 1. Chest Pass Generally, one foot is ahead of the other, knees flexed slightly. Ball is held at chest level, fingers spread at reach side of the ball. Elbows remain close to the body and the ball is sent with extended arms and proper wrist snap, as one foot moves toward the receiver. 2. Overhead Pass S tand in a short position, with the ball held overhead. The arms upward, throw with a forceful wrist and finger snap. The pass should take a slight downward path to be the most effective. 3. Bounce Pass A ny of the first three passes described can be adapted to make a bounce pass. The object is to get the pass to the receiver on first bounce so that the ball comes to this out stretched hands about waist high. The ball must be bounced a little more than halfway between the two players.
Skill in Basketball DRIBBLING Dribbling is a basic skill done by pushing the ball repeatedly to the floor. Tapping the ball is not allowed. The fingers control the ball. This can be done different levels: high, medium, high, low and very low. It can also be done fast and slow. 1. Control Dribble This can be used to protect the ball from an opponent who is close by. 2. Speed Dribble This can be done during a fast break situation or when no opponent is guarding the ball handler.
Skill in Basketball CATHCING Stand in a relaxed but stable and firm position. Place both hands in front with open arms ready to catch the ball. And as the ball comes, catch it with both hands and do the receiving motion.
Skills in Basketball SHOOTING Ba sketball is about gaining points, it is not mere exhibition. One must be very skillful when it comes to shooting. TYPES OF SHOTS 1. JUMP SHOT - a shot executed with both feet taken off from the floor in a vertical jump, arms straight upward and legs and feet slightly apart in the air. 2. DUNK SHOT OR FANCY SHOT - a shot that is commonly known as slum shot. It is executed with forceful shot above the rim, powerful and fancied. Not recommended for beginners because of its risk to injury. 3. SET SHOT - is a shot usually done with feet flat on the ground, or a shot executed with a screen and peek from the teammates to get an easy shot. 4. LAY-UP SHOT - a shot that involves dribbling and running skills. It is executed by dribbling the ball away from the basket, taking off in right or left foot, stretching arms and hands, and using the board to bank the shot.
Rules in Basketball JUMP BALL Jump ball is done to start the game. One ach player is assigned to the jump ball, usually the center player. They face each other inside the center circle while the other members of the team surround them. IN-BOUND THROW The ball is thrown inward when: 1. The ball goes out of bounds. 2. There is a successful shot made. 3. There is a foul 4. There is a traveling violation. 5. The player who controls the ball steps on the end or side line. 6. There is a 3 second, 5 second, 10 second, 24 second violation 7. There was time-out. VIOLATIONS WHILE PLAYING 1. Traveling or walking two or more steps without dribbling the ball 2. The ball goes out of bounds. 3. Failure to enter opponents’ court in ten seconds. 4. Double dribbling (resumption of dribbling after dribbling stops) 5. Stepping on the line while doing the free throws. 6. Stepping on the line or sideline by the one in control of the ball. 7. Personal foul, technical foul. 8. Unsportsmanlike behavior. FOULS 1.Personal 2. Technical 3. Foul out SUBSTITUTION Substitution is done when the ball is dead as permitted by the table official. After a foul, both teams can have substitution. When there is a request for substitution and the ball is already given by the referee to a team, the one requesting should wait for another chance. END OF THE GAME After 40 minutes, the game ends. However, if the score is tied, there shall be a five-minute extension.
Rules in Basketball TIME LIMITS Throwing the ball 5 seconds Entering the opponents’ court 10 seconds Shot clock 24/30 seconds Held ball 5 seconds Restricted area 3 seconds Free Throw 5 seconds SCORING 2 points for every conversion 1 point for every free throw 3 points from the 15 foot area
Rules in Basketball VIOLATIONS WHILE PLAYING 1. Traveling or walking two or more steps without dribbling the ball 2. The ball goes out of bounds. 3. Failure to enter opponents’ court in ten seconds. 4. Double dribbling (resumption of dribbling after dribbling stops) 5. Stepping on the line while doing the free throws. 6. Stepping on the line or sideline by the one in control of the ball. 7. Personal foul, technical foul. 8. Unsportsmanlike behavior. END OF THE GAME After 40 minutes, the game ends. However, if the score is tied, there shall be a five-minute extension.
Rules in Basketball SUBSTITUTION Substitution is done when the ball is dead as permitted by the table official. After a foul, both teams can have substitution. When there is a request for substitution and the ball is already given by the referee to a team, the one requesting should wait for another chance. FOULS- an attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent through physical contact is illegal. 1. Defensive Foul- a foul committed by a defensive player on a offensive player. 2. Offensive Foul- also known as charge. It’s a foul committed by an offensive player on a defensive player. 3. Technical Foul- a foul committed by a player, coach, or any member of the coaching team staff for showing poor sportsmanship.
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