Mirax Group
                 Pro-forma Group

 Pro-forma Consolidated Financial Statements
for the years ended December 31...
Mirax Group




Contents

Independent Auditors’ Report                                                   3
Pro-forma Conso...
ABCD                            KPMG Limited                                                     Telephone   +7 (495) 937 ...
ABCD




In our opinion, except for the effects of such adjustments, if any, as might have been determined to be
necessary...
Mirax Group
                          Pro-forma consolidated Income Statement for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 20...
Mirax Group
                                         Pro-forma consolidated Balance Sheet as at December 31, 2004 and 2003...
Mirax Group
                                           Pro-forma consolidated Balance Sheet as at December 31, 2004 and 20...
Mirax Group
                    Pro-forma consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2...
Mirax Group
                  Pro-forma consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 200...
Mirax Group
       Pro-forma consolidated Statement of Changes in Participants’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 20...
Mirax Group
                Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004...
Mirax Group
                Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004...
Mirax Group
                  Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 20...
Mirax Group
                Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004...
Mirax Group
                Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004...
Mirax Group
               Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 ...
Mirax Group
              Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 a...
Mirax Group
                Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004...
Mirax Group
              Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 a...
Mirax Group
               Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 ...
Mirax Group
                Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004...
Mirax Group
                Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004...
Mirax Group
               Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 ...
Mirax Group
                Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004...
Mirax Group
               Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 ...
Mirax Group
               Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 ...
Mirax Group
              Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 a...
Mirax Group
               Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 ...
Mirax Group
          Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2...
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Mirax Group

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Mirax Group

  1. 1. Mirax Group Pro-forma Group Pro-forma Consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 (With Independent Auditors’ Report Thereon)
  2. 2. Mirax Group Contents Independent Auditors’ Report 3 Pro-forma Consolidated Income Statement 5 Pro-forma Consolidated Balance Sheet 6 Pro-forma Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows 8 Pro-forma Consolidated Statement of Changes in Participants’ Equity 10 Notes to the pro-forma Consolidated Financial Statements 11
  3. 3. ABCD KPMG Limited Telephone +7 (495) 937 4477 11 Gogolevsky Boulevard Fax +7 (495) 937 4400/99 Moscow 119019 Internet www.kpmg.ru Russia Independent Auditors’ Report To the Participants in OOO “Mirax-Group” We have audited the accompanying pro-forma consolidated balance sheet of Mirax Group and its subsidiaries (hereinafter the “Group”) as at December 31, 2004 and the related pro-forma consolidated income statement, statement of changes in participants’ equity and statement of cash flows for the year then ended. These pro-forma consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Group’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. Except as described in the following paragraphs, we conducted our audit in accordance with International Standards on Auditing. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion. The attached pro-forma consolidated financial statements were prepared in order to present the consolidated financial positions, the results of financing and business activity and the cash flows of the Group as at December 31, 2004 as if the restructuring that is expected to be completed by the end of 2005 took place before December 31, 2002. Notes 1(a) and 1(b) to these pro-forma consolidated financial statements provide explanations regarding the principles for the preparation of the pro-forma consolidated financial statements. These pro-forma consolidated financial statements may not reflect the results or effect of changes on the financial position that might have occurred had the aforementioned restructuring actually taken place before December 31, 2002. The Group did not maintain appropriate accounting records for accounts payable as at December 31, 2004 in the amount of 300,000 thousand roubles. As a result, we were unable to satisfy ourselves regarding these accounts payable. The Group did not maintain appropriate accounting records in relation to constructions inventories during 2004. As a result, we were unable to satisfy ourselves in relation to 195,000 thousand roubles in construction inventories and 244,000 thousand roubles in construction in progress at 31 December 2004 and 150,000 thousand roubles in cost of revenues earned for the year ended 31 December 2004. KPMG Limited, a company incorporated under the Guernsey Companies Act, is a member firm of KPMG International, a Swiss cooperative.
  4. 4. ABCD In our opinion, except for the effects of such adjustments, if any, as might have been determined to be necessary had we been able to perform adequate procedures in respect of the matters described in preceding paragraphs, the pro-forma consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Group as of December 31, 2004, and of the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. KPMG Limited September 30, 2005
  5. 5. Mirax Group Pro-forma consolidated Income Statement for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 2003 2004 (unaudited) Note ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Revenues earned 13 3,663,119 3,757,160 Cost of revenues earned 14 (1,712,607) (1,851,067) Gross profit 1,950,512 1,906,093 Selling, general, and administrative expenses 15 (729,718) (536,674) Operating income 1,220,794 1,369,419 Other income (net) 109,044 1 120,816 Interest expense (net) (298,882) (178,609) Income before income taxes and minority interest 1,030,956 1,311,626 Income tax expense 16 (282,533) (315,406) Net income before minority interest 748,423 996,220 Minority interest (42,607) – Net income 705,816 996,220 The pro-forma consolidated financial statements were approved on September 30, 2005: ___________________ ___________________ President Vice-President on finance Polonsky S.Y. Lutsenko D.V. 5 The pro-forma consolidated Income Statement is to be read in conjunction with the notes to and forming part of the pro-forma consolidated financial statements set out on pages 10 to 29.
  6. 6. Mirax Group Pro-forma consolidated Balance Sheet as at December 31, 2004 and 2003 2003 2004 (unaudited) Note ’000 RUR ’000 RUR ASSETS Cash 155,630 251,564 Trade and other accounts receivable (net) 2 3,454,608 2,740,600 Construction inventories 195,321 173,868 Prepayments (net of allowance for doubtful amounts of RUR 20,765 thousand and RUR 10,505 thousand at December 31, 2004 and 2003, respectively) 238,164 243,064 Investments 3 27,834 138,610 Construction in progress 5 3,010,009 2,753,350 Property, plant, and equipment 4 Land and buildings 367,081 2,496 Machinery and equipment 55,348 29,154 Other property, plant, and equipment 55,840 30,370 Less accumulated depreciation and amortization (36,320) (19,472) Net property, plant and equipment 441,949 42,548 Total assets 7,523,515 6,343,604 6 The pro-forma consolidated Balance Sheet is to be read in conjunction with the notes to and forming part of the pro-forma consolidated financial statements set out on pages 10 to 29.
  7. 7. Mirax Group Pro-forma consolidated Balance Sheet as at December 31, 2004 and 2003 2003 2004 (unaudited) Note ’000 RUR ’000 RUR LIABILITIES AND PARTICIPANTS’ EQUITY Loans and borrowings 6 2,098,307 3,079,300 Trade and other payables 8 1,121,144 977,917 Advances from customers 19,771 5,075 Income tax payable 29,173 2,027 Other taxes payable 9 416,434 205,046 Due to employees 20 25,093 19,368 Accrued interest payable 2,357 466 Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings 10 1,241,806 736,689 Deferred tax liability 11 609,042 371,678 Total liabilities 5,563,127 5,397,566 Minority interest 42,607 – Participants’ equity 12 Chapter capital 600,015 15 Retained earnings 1,317,766 946,023 Total equity attributable to participants of the parent 1,917,781 946,038 Total liabilities and participants ' equity 7,523,515 6,343,604 7 The pro-forma consolidated Balance Sheet is to be read in conjunction with the notes to and forming part of the pro-forma consolidated financial statements set out on pages 10 to 29.
  8. 8. Mirax Group Pro-forma consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Net income 705,816 996,220 Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities Depreciation and amortization of property, plant and equipment 16,848 10,217 Increase in construction in progress (256,659) (985,115) Increase/(decrease) in billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings 505,117 (948,889) Gain on disposal of property, plant and equipment (4,302) (6,773) Minority interest 42,607 – Increase in deferred tax liability 237,364 318,043 Increase in construction inventories (21,453) (48,688) Increase in prepayments, trade and other accounts receivable, net (709,108) (1,758,810) Increase in trade and other payables, advances from customers, interest and taxes payable and due to employees 404,073 464,147 Net cash from operating activities 920,303 (1,959,648) Cash flows from investing activities Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment 11,898 16,049 Acquisition of property, plant and equipment (423,845) – Proceeds from disposal of investments 138,436 – Purchase of investments (27,660) (138,610) Net cash from investing activities (301,171) (122,561) 8 The pro-forma consolidated Statement of Cash Flows is to be read in conjunction with the notes to and forming part of the pro-forma consolidated financial statements set out on pages 10 to 29.
  9. 9. Mirax Group Pro-forma consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Cash flows from financing activities Proceeds from issuance of charter capital 600,000 – Proceeds from loans and borrowings 3,421,386 5,337,528 Repayment of loans and borrowings (4,402,379) (2,892,081) Distributions to stockholders (334,073) (201,400) Net cash from financing activities (715,066) 2,244,047 Net (decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents (95,934) 161,838 Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the year 251,564 89,726 Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the year 155,630 251,564 Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information Interest paid 301,536 179,388 Income taxes paid/(recovered) 18,023 (2,919) 9 The pro-forma consolidated Statement of Cash Flows is to be read in conjunction with the notes to and forming part of the pro-forma consolidated financial statements set out on pages 10 to 29.
  10. 10. Mirax Group Pro-forma consolidated Statement of Changes in Participants’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 Total equity attributable to Retained participants of the Chapter capital earnings parent company Note ’000 RUR ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Balance at 1 January 2003 (unaudited) 15 151,203 151,218 Net income (unaudited) – 996,220 996,220 Distributions (unaudited) 12(b) – (201,400) (201,400) Balance at December 31, 2003 15 946,023 946,038 (unaudited) Net income – 705,816 705,816 Distributions 12(b) – (334,073) (334,073) Issue of common stock 12(a) 600,000 – 600,000 Balance at December 31, 2004 600,015 1,317,766 1,917,781 10 The pro-forma consolidated Statement of Changes in Participants’ Equity is to be read in conjunction with the notes to and forming part of pro-forma consolidated the financial statements set out on pages 10 to 29.
  11. 11. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 1 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Practices (a) Description of business Mirax Group is a privately owned group of companies (the “Mirax Group” or the “pro froma Group”), which has been operating in the construction and real estate business in Moscow (Russian Federation) since 2001. The operations of the Mirax Group include the construction of and selling the apartments in residential complexes. In 2004, the Mirax Group commenced restructuring the Group’s ownership structure. As a result of this process, which is to be substantially finalized by the end of 2005, the Mirax Group will include 17 entities. Those entities with variable interest entities in Note 19 are together referred to as the “Consolidated Entities” and together with the Parent Company as the “pro-forma Group”. The following is the list of these entities: Country of Ownership interest incorporation 2003 2004 1 OOO “Mirax-Group” (Parent Company) Russia 90% 90% 2 ZAO “SK Stroimontazh” Russia 90% 100% 3 ZAO “Stroimontazh 2001” Russia 90% 90% 4 ZAO “IPK Stroimontazh” Russia 80% 80% 5 ZAO “Russkie Valenki” Russia 100% 100% 6 ZAO “Stolichny Dom Nedvizhimosti” Russia 100% 100% 7 ZAO “Stroimontazh” Moscow office Russia 100% 100% 8 OOO “PSF Stroimontazh” Russia 90% 90% 9 OOO “ISK Stroimontazh” Russia 90% 90% 10 OOO “Stroimontazh - Vysotnye Zdaniya” Russia 100% 100% 11 ZAO “Mirax-City” Russia 90% 90% 12 ZAO “Stroimontazh-Monolit” Russia 100% 100% 13 ZAO “Stroimontazh-1” Russia 100% 100% 14 ZAO “MiraxCapital” Russia - 100% 15 OOO “Stroimontazh-Avto” Russia 90% 90% 16 ZAO “Vladenie-5” Russia 50% 50% 17 OOO “Aetoon” Russia 100% 100% OOO “Mirax-Group” is the parent company (the “Parent Company”) for the pro-forma Group. It was established in July 2000 as a limited liability company in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation under the name OOO “Lenstroymontazh” and was subsequently renamed as OOO “Mirax-Lenstroymontazh” in 2004 and again renamed as OOO “Mirax-Group” in the first half of 2005. Other Consolidated Entities are located in Russia and abroad, they include closed joint stock companies and companies with limited liability. 11
  12. 12. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 (b) Purpose and limitations of pro-forma consolidated financial statements These pro-forma consolidated financial statements have been prepared for the purpose of presenting the pro-forma consolidated financial position of the pro-forma Group as at December 31, 2003 and 2004 as if the restructuring of Mirax Group, described in Note 1(a), had taken place and had been completed before December 31, 2002. The pro-forma consolidated financial statements are not necessarily indicative of the results or related effects on the financial position that would have been attained had the above-mentioned restructuring actually taken place before December, 31 2002. (c) Russian business environment The Russian Federation has been experiencing political and economic change which has affected, and may continue to affect, the activities of enterprises operating in this environment. Consequently, operations in the Russian Federation involve risks which do not typically exist in other markets. The accompanying pro-forma consolidated financial statements reflect management’s assessment of the impact of the Russian business environment on the operations and the financial position of the pro-forma Group. The future business environment may differ from management’s assessment. (d) Statement of compliance The accompanying pro-forma consolidated financial statements have been prepared from those accounting records and adjusted as necessary to comply with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. (e) Principles of consolidation (i) Consolidated Entities Consolidated Entities are those enterprises that will be controlled by the Parent Company, directly or indirectly, upon finalisation of the restructuring process. Control exists when the Parent Company has the power, directly or indirectly, to govern the financial and operating policies of an enterprise so as to obtain benefits from its activities. The financial statements of the Consolidated Entities are included in the pro-forma consolidated financial statements from the date when the Mirax Group effectively commences exercising control over the assets and liabilities of the Consolidated Entities, until the date that control effectively ceases. (ii) Variable Interest Entities (“VIEs”) In addition to the Consolidated Entities described above, the management of the pro-forma Group has established a number of VIEs for tax minimization, financing and financial resource distribution purposes. Neither the Parent Company nor the pro-forma Group hold any direct or indirect equity interest in these entities. However the pro-forma Group provides substantially all the entities debt finance and the total equity investment at risk in these companies is insufficient to cover their expected losses. Accordingly, the financial statements of these VIEs are consolidated in the pro-forma consolidated financial statements of the Group. 12
  13. 13. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 (iii) Transactions eliminated on consolidation Intra-group balances and transactions, and any unrealised gains arising from intra-group transactions, are eliminated in preparing the pro-forma consolidated financial statements. (iv) Group restructuring At 31 December 2003 and 2002, the Parent Company did not have direct or indirect ownership interests in certain consolidated entities included in the pro-forma consolidated financial statements. These ownership interests were held by a number of holding companies and individuals controlled by the ultimate shareholders of the Parent Company. The Group is undergoing a restructuring process whereby all control rights over the consolidated entities are to be transferred to the Parent Company or its wholly owned subsidiaries. The restructuring was substantially completed before by the date of issuance of these financial statements, and the process is expected to be finalized in the near future. The following key assumptions were made in preparing the pro-forma consolidated financial statements: • The restructuring of the Group was finalized prior to 1 January 2002 and the Parent Company had direct or indirect ownership interests in the consolidated entities. • Control rights over the consolidated entities were determined based on cumulative ownership interests actually held by holding companies and individuals ultimately controlled by the shareholders of the Parent Company at each balance sheet date. (f) Functional currency The national currency of the Russian Federation is the rouble (“RUR”). Management has determined the pro-forma Group’s functional currency to be the RUR as it reflects the economic substance of the underlying events and circumstances of the pro-forma Group. Financial information presented in RUR has been rounded to the nearest thousand. (g) Foreign currencies Transactions in foreign currencies are translated to RUR at the foreign exchange rate ruling at the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the balance sheet date are translated to RUR at the foreign exchange rate ruling at that date. Non- monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies that are stated at historical cost are translated to RUR at the foreign exchange rate ruling at the date of the transaction. Foreign exchange differences arising on translation are recognised in the income statement. (h) Going concern The accompanying pro-forma consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The recoverability of the pro-forma Group’s assets, as well as the future operations of the pro-forma Group, may be significantly affected by the current and future economic environment – refer Note 1(c). The accompanying pro-forma consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments should the pro-forma Group be unable to continue as a going concern. 13
  14. 14. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 (i) Use of estimates Management of the pro-forma Group has made a number of estimates and assumptions relating to the reporting of assets and liabilities to prepare these pro-forma consolidated financial statements in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Actual results could differ from those estimates. (j) Cash and cash equivalents For purposes of the pro-forma consolidated statement of cash flows, the pro-forma Group considers cash and all highly liquid debt instruments with original maturities of three months or less to be cash and cash equivalents. (k) Trade and other accounts receivables Trade and other accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. The provision for doubtful debts is the pro-forma Group’s best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in trade and other accounts receivable. (l) Construction inventories Construction inventories are stated at the lower of average cost or market. (m) Property, plant and equipment Property, plant, and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation on property, plant and equipment is calculated on the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The estimated useful life of buildings is 25 years, while plant and equipment is estimated to have a useful life of 5 to 15 years. (n) Deferred income taxes Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized in respect of future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities for the purposes of the consolidated financial statements and their respective tax bases and in respect of operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to reverse and the assets be recovered and liabilities settled. The effect on deferred income tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the consolidated statement of income in the reporting period which includes the enactment date. The ultimate realization of deferred income tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income in the reporting periods in which the originating expenditure becomes deductible. In assessing the realizability of deferred income tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that the deferred income tax assets will be realized. In making this assessment, management considers the scheduled reversal of deferred income tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, and tax planning strategies. 14
  15. 15. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 (o) Impairment of long-lived assets In accordance with SFAS No. 144, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets,” long-lived assets, such as oil and gas properties, other property, plant, and equipment, and purchased intangibles subject to amortization, are assessed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset group may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset group to the estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by that group. If the carrying amount of an asset group exceeds its estimated undiscounted future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized by writing down the carrying amount to the estimated fair value of the asset group, generally determined as discounted future net cash flows. (p) Loans and borrowings Loans and borrowings are initially recorded at the value of net proceeds received. Any difference between the net proceeds and the redemption value is amortized at a constant rate over the term of the loan or borrowing. Amortization is included in the pro-forma consolidated income statement each year and the carrying amounts are adjusted as amortization accumulates. (q) Trade and other payables Trade and other payables are stated at cost. (r) Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts represent billings in excess of revenues recognized. (s) Revenues and expenses In accordance with FASB Statement No 66, Mirax Group recognizes revenue from fixed-price construction contracts on the percentage-of-completion method, measured by the percentage of construction costs incurred to date to the estimated total construction costs for each construction project. Revenue is recognized when individual units in condominium projects are being sold separately and all the following criteria are met: • Construction is beyond a preliminary stage (i.e. after completion of the building foundation); • The buyer is committed to the extent of being unable to require a refund except for non- delivery of the unit (apartment); • Sufficient number of units (apartments) have already been sold to assure that the entire property will not revert to rental property; • Sales prices are collectible; and • Aggregate sales proceeds and costs can be reasonably estimated. Construction costs include all direct material, labor and borrowing costs and those indirect costs related to contract performance, such as indirect labor, supplies, tools, and repairs costs. 15
  16. 16. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 Provisions for estimated losses on uncompleted contracts are made in the period in which such losses are determined. Construction costs related to unsold spaces in residential complexes and business centers are presented as construction in progress at cost. Selling, general, and administrative costs are charged to expense as incurred. (t) Balance sheet classifications The length of the pro-forma Group’s construction contracts varies but is typically approximately three years. Therefore, assets and liabilities are not classified as current and non-current because they have realization and liquidation periods extending beyond one year. 16
  17. 17. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 2 Trade and other accounts receivable (net) 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Loans and other amounts receivable from related parties 1,004,229 469,163 Promissory notes receivable 977,113 1,437,810 VAT and other taxes receivable 629,269 466,842 Accounts receivable – trade 265,249 36,289 Due from officers and employees 5,986 4,133 Other receivables 613,460 358,002 Total receivables 3,495,306 2,772,239 Provision for doubtful debt (40,698) (31,639) Total receivables, net 3,454,608 2,740,600 Included in “Other receivables” is a payment made under an investment contract for the construction of an apartment building on Veernaya street totaling RUR 249,000 thousand (refer note 10). 3 Investments The pro-forma Group companies have investments in the form of a portfolio of equity securities amounting to RUR 27,834 thousand as at December, 31 2004 and promissory notes of third parties amounting to RUR 138,610 thousand as at December 31, 2003. All these promissory notes were repaid during 2004. 17
  18. 18. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 4 Property, plant, and equipment 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Assets Land and buildings 367,081 2,496 Machinery and equipment 55,348 29,154 Other property, plant, and equipment 55,840 30,370 478,269 62,020 Accumulated depreciation and amortization Buildings 2,374 2,361 Machinery and equipment 20,130 10,824 Other property, plant, and equipment 13,816 6,287 36,320 19,472 Net property, plant, and equipment 441,949 42,548 5 Construction in progress Business center Residential Moscow- complex Residential Business City Other Zolotye complex center (Bashnya constructions ’000 RUR Klyuchi Korona Pollars Federatsii) in progress Total At January 1, 2003 879,109 693,235 – 54,868 172,807 1,818,019 Construction costs incurred 1,490,883 675,982 227,626 161,585 228,740 2,784,816 Recognized as cost of revenues earned (1,158,091) (691,394) – – – (1,849,485) At December 31, 2003 1,229,901 677,823 227,626 216,453 401,547 2,753,350 Construction costs incurred 987,702 48,129 341,742 469,228 502,201 2,349,002 Transfer to property, plant, and equipment – – – – (399,576) (399,576) Recognized as cost of revenues earned (1,128,741) (398,469) (165,556) – – (1,692,766) At December 31, 2004 1,088,862 327,483 403,812 685,681 504,172 3,010,009 Other construction in progress includes residential complexes Mirax-Park, Kutuzovskaya Riviera and Dom na Taganke. 18
  19. 19. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 6 Loans and borrowings The pro-forma Group’s loans and borrowings are comprised of the following: 2003 Collateral/ Lender Rate Maturity 2004 (unaudited) Pledged cost ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Alfa-Bank 14.25% June 29, 2006 CIP / RUR ’000 463,376 456,466 – promissory notes / RUR ’000 Probusinessbank 26% April 20, 2006 200,000 200,000 – CIP / RUR ’000 386,669; share ownership rights / RUR ’000 18, IBG Nikoil 14% May 25, 2005 physical person’s guarantee 568,848 1,321,035 CIP / RUR ’000 123,426, equipment / RUR ’000 9,240, property rights / RUR ’000 September 1, 8,132, physical person’s Alfa-Bank 11-12% 2004 guarantee – 235,636 CIP / RUR ’000 13,565, promissory notes / RUR ’000 378,576, property rights / Avtobank-Nikoil 18% July 25, 2005 RUR ’000 8,132 80,000 – December 1, guarantee from Avtobank-Nikoil Kazkommercbank 12% 2004 / RUR ’000 624,346 – 589,089 MDM 12% April 30, 2004 guarantee from CB IBG Nikoil – 170,836 CIP / RUR ’000 13,565, promissory notes / RUR ’000 352,353, property rights / Avtobank-Nikoil 13% May 25, 2004 RUR ’000 8,132 – 294,545 Russky Mezhdunarodny October 22, promissory notes / RUR ’000 bank 17% 2004 50,558 – 44,182 Russky promissory notes / Mezhdunarodny RUR ’000 26,334, third parties’ bank 17% June 10, 2004 guarantee – 23,564 September 5, Aizkraukles Banca 5% 2004 not secured 21,300 21,300 Total loans 1,326,614 2,700,187 Financing under letters of credit 283,064 – 0% promissory notes issued 40,000 30,000 Unsecured borrowings: RUR – fixed at 0% 41,968 32,540 Unsecured borrowings: USD – fixed at 0% 83,349 1,370 Borrowings from related parties, repayable on demand: RUR – fixed at 0% 323,312 315,203 Total loans and borrowings 2,098,307 3,079,300 19
  20. 20. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 The aggregate maturities of loans and borrowings for years subsequent to December 31, 2004 are: RUR 1,634,694 in 2005 and RUR 463,613 in 2006. For more information about the pro-forma Group’s exposure to interest rate and foreign currency risk, see Note 17. 86 apartments in the residential complex Korona were pledged at December 31, 2004 as collateral for а loan received. In the first half of 2005 an agreement with a bank was signed and registered to decollateralize these and to replace this collateral with the pledge of the office building the Parent Company is situated in. 7 Interest incurred The pro-forma Group capitalizes interest as a component of the cost of construction in progress. The following is a summary of interest costs incurred during 2004 and 2003: 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Interest capitalized 18,164 – Interest charged to the income statement 303,427 179,854 Total interest incurred 321,591 179,854 8 Trade and other payables 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Promissory notes 777,698 651,434 Accounts payable – trade 318,039 300,992 Other payables 25,407 25,491 1,121,144 977,917 9 Other taxes payable 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR VAT payable 412,932 200,902 Other taxes payable 3,502 4,144 416,434 205,046 20
  21. 21. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 10 Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Residential complex Mirax-Park 283,910 – Business center Pollars 266,086 79,916 Apartment building on Veernaya street 261,781 193,539 Residential complex Kutuzovskaya Riviera 186,715 – Residential complex Dom na Taganke 120,496 11,228 Residential complex Korona 81,242 202,682 Residential complex Zolotye Klyuchi 41,576 234,312 Other – 15,012 1,241,806 736,689 11 Deferred income taxes Recognized deferred tax assets and liabilities Deferred tax assets and liabilities are attributable to the following items: ’000 RUR Assets Liabilities Net 2003 2003 2003 2004 (unaudited) 2004 (unaudited) 2004 (unaudited) Construction in progress 753,629 203,899 – – 753,629 203,899 Property, plant and equipment 2,876 1,711 – – 2,876 1,711 Construction inventories 244 – – (67) 244 (67) Trade and other accounts receivable – – (1,399,393) (594,521) (1,399,393) (594,521) Prepayments 3,831 2,428 – – 3,831 2,428 Loans and borrowings – – (2,824) (3,828) (2,824) (3,828) Advances from customers 71,136 – – – 71,136 – Trade and other payables – 18,700 (38,541) – (38,541) 18,700 Net tax assets/(liabilities) 831,716 226,738 (1,440,758) (598,416) (609,042) (371,678) 21
  22. 22. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 12 Participants’ equity (a) Pro-forma Group chapter capital At December 31, 2004, the pro-forma Group chapter capital represents the statutory charter capital of the Parent Company OOO “Mirax-Group”. (b) Distributions During 2004 the pro-forma Group distributed RUR 334,073 thousand (2003: RUR 201,400 thousand) to the participants of the Parent Company. Under Russian Law, dividends are limited to the net profits of the reporting year as set out in the statutory consolidated financial statements of the companies in the pro-forma group. These Laws and other legislative acts governing the rights of the stockholders to receive dividends are subject to various interpretations. As at December 31, 2004 the accumulated loss, including the loss of the current year of the Parent Company amounted to RUR 56,900 thousand (as at December 31, 2003 RUR: 17,495 thousand). 13 Revenues earned 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Revenues from construction contracts: Residential complex Zolotye Klyuchi 2,497,406 2,562,343 Residential complex Korona 659,754 1,144,756 Business center Pollars 386,382 – Other revenues 119,577 50,061 3,663,119 3,757,160 14 Cost of revenues earned 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Cost of construction: Residential complex Zolotye Klyuchi 1,128,741 1,158,091 Residential complex Korona 398,469 691,394 Business center Pollars 165,556 – Other costs 19,841 1,582 1,712,607 1,851,067 22
  23. 23. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 15 Selling, general, and administrative expenses 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Selling expenses: Advertising 57,214 103,873 Other 2,321 3,386 59,535 107,259 General and administrative expenses: Officers’ salaries 293,346 176,045 Insurance and other commissions 66,251 68,026 Professional services 59,439 43,827 Depreciation and amortization 16,848 10,217 Pension and social contributions 16,386 10,450 Other salaries 13,192 8,054 Communication 11,540 8,687 Doubtful debt expense 19,319 11,258 Rent 7,697 37,556 Stationery and supplies 3,288 1,080 Other 162,876 54,216 670,183 429,415 Total selling, general, and administrative expenses 729,718 536,674 23
  24. 24. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 16 Income tax expense 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Current tax expense Current year 45,169 (2,637) 45,169 (2,637) Deferred tax expense Origination and reversal of temporary differences 237,364 318,043 237,364 318,043 282,533 315,406 The pro-forma Group’s applicable tax rate is the corporate income tax rate of 24% (2003: 24%). Reconciliation of effective tax rate: 2004 2003 (unaudited) ’000 RUR % ’000 RUR % Income before tax 1,030,956 1,311,626 Income tax at applicable tax rate 247,429 24% 314,790 24% Non-taxable / (non-deductible) items, net 35,104 3% 616 – 282,533 27% 315,406 24% 17 Financial instruments Exposure to credit, interest rate and currency risk arises in the normal course of the pro-forma Group’s business. (a) Credit risk The pro-forma Group does not require collateral in respect of financial assets. Credit evaluations are performed on all customers, other than related parties, requiring credit over a certain amount. 24
  25. 25. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 Trade and other receivables owned by related parties at the end of the year were as follows: 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Due from OOO “Polonsky S.Yu.” 540,541 – Due from ZAO “Stroimontazh” (Saint Petersburg) 435,476 443,584 Due from officers and employees 368 152 976,385 443,736 At the balance sheet date there were no significant concentrations of credit risk. The maximum exposure to credit risk is represented by the carrying amount of each financial asset in the balance sheet. (b) Interest rate risk Changes in interest rates impact primarily loans and borrowings by changing either their fair value (fixed rate debt) or their future cash flows (variable rate debt). Management does not have a formal policy of determining how much of the pro-forma Group’s exposure should be to fixed or variable rates. However, at the time of taking new loans and borrowings, management uses its judgment to decide whether it believes that a fixed or variable rate would be more favourable to the pro-forma Group over the expected period until maturity. (c) Foreign currency risk The pro-forma Group incurs foreign currency risk on sales, purchases and borrowings that are denominated in a currency other than Russian rouble. The currencies giving rise to this risk are primarily US dollar and euro. Management does not hedge the pro-forma Group’s exposure to foreign currency risk. (d) Fair values The following disclosure of the estimated fair value of financial instruments is made in accordance with the requirements of SFAS No.107. The pro-forma Group has performed an assessment of its financial instruments to determine whether it is practicable within the constraints of timeliness and cost to determine their fair values with sufficient reliability. The pro-forma Group has concluded that due to the lack of liquidity and published “indicator interest rates” in the Russian market, and the fact that some of its transactions are with related parties and of a specialized nature, it is not possible to determine the fair values of receivables from and payables to related parties. In other cases fair value has been determined as of the balance sheet date by discounting the estimated future cash flows using market interest rates for similar instruments. As a result of this exercise management believes that the fair value of its financial assets and liabilities is not materially different from their carrying values. 25
  26. 26. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 This estimate of fair value is intended to approximate the amount at which these financial assets and liabilities could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties. However given the uncertainties and the use of subjective judgment, the fair value should not be interpreted as being realizable in an immediate sale of the assets or settlement of liabilities. 18 Contingencies (a) Insurance The insurance industry in the Russian Federation is in a developing state and many forms of insurance protection common in other parts of the world are not yet generally available. The pro- forma Group does not have full coverage for its plant facilities, business interruption, or third party liability in respect of property or environmental damage arising from accidents on pro- forma Group property or relating to pro-forma Group operations. Until the pro-forma Group obtains adequate insurance coverage, there is a risk that the loss or destruction of certain assets could have a material adverse effect on the pro-forma Group’s operations and financial position. (b) Litigation Other claims include a number of small claims and litigations. Based on experience in resolving such matters, management believes that these will be resolved without significant loss to the pro- forma Group and, accordingly, no provision has been made for these unresolved claims and litigation. (c) Taxation contingencies The taxation system in the Russian Federation is relatively new and is characterised by frequent changes in legislation, official pronouncements and court decisions, which are often unclear, contradictory and subject to varying interpretation by different tax authorities. Taxes are subject to review and investigation by a number of authorities, which have the authority to impose severe fines, penalties and interest charges. Fiscal years remain open for review by the authorities for three calendar years preceding the year of review; however, under certain circumstances a fiscal year may remain open longer. Recent events within the Russian Federation suggest that the tax authorities are taking a more assertive position in their interpretation and enforcement of tax legislation. These circumstances may create tax risks in the Russian Federation that are substantially more significant than in other countries. Management believes that it has provided adequately for tax liabilities based on its interpretations of applicable Russian tax legislation, official pronouncements and court decisions. However, the interpretations of the relevant authorities could alter and differ and the effect on these consolidated financial statements, if the authorities were successful in enforcing their interpretations, could be significant. 26
  27. 27. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 The pro-forma Group enters into transactions with various intermediates, including, as discussed in Note 1(e), with variable interest entities (“VIEs”), in which it does not hold any direct or indirect equity interest, for tax minimization, financing and financial resource distribution purposes. The VIEs only conduct transactions on behalf of the pro-forma Group companies. Accordingly, the financial statements of these VIEs have been included in the pro-forma consolidated financial statements of the pro-forma Group. The reduction in tax resulting from the transactions involving VIEs is based on a formalistic approach to applicable Russian tax legislation. The management of these VIEs is responsible for the correctness and timeliness of the tax payments by the companies. The Management of the pro-forma Group believes that the probability of an actual outflow of funds from the VIEs or other pro-forma Group companies to settle potential tax and other related liabilities is remote and, therefore, no provision for tax liabilities resulting from the matter described in the preceding paragraph has been made in these pro-forma consolidated financial statements. The tax authorities, however, can interpret the substance of the above transactions in a different way and it could result in such tax and other liabilities (and related penalties and interest) that could materially impact the pro-forma Group consolidated financial statements. 19 Variable Interest Entities As mentioned in Note 1(e), the Consolidated Entities enter in transactions with the Variable Interest Entities (directly or via intermediaries) established with the purpose of (intermediary) financing of the other pro-forma Group companies, tax minimization and financial resource distribution. The pro-forma Group provides substantially all the entities debt finance and the total equity investment at risk in these companies is insufficient to cover their expected losses. The creditors of the consolidated VIEs have no recourse to the general credit of the primary beneficiary. Accordingly, the financial statements of these VIEs are consolidated in the pro-forma consolidated financial statements of the Group. Details of transactions with VIEs for the reporting period and the balances at the end of the period with other pro-forma Group companies are as follows: 27
  28. 28. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Balance Sheet: Other payables 746,921 206,831 Other receivables 701,335 84,689 Loans given 412,831 1,100,649 Accounts payable – trade 120,000 – Accounts receivable – trade 74,217 – Income Statement: Interest income 21,574 13,873 Loans received – 14,000 All transactions and balances with other pro-forma Group companies are eliminated on consolidation. 20 Related party transactions The majority of the pro-forma Group companies included into the pro-forma consolidated financial statements are ultimately owned by two individuals. Related parties comprise the shareholders/owners of the companies included into the pro-forma Group and all other companies in which those shareholders/owners, either individually or together, either directly or indirectly have a controlling interest; the pro-forma Group companies’ management, their officers and employees and their close family members. Trade and other receivables owned by related parties at the end of the year were as follows: 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Due from OOO “Polonsky S.Yu.” 540,541 – Due from ZAO “Stroimontazh” (Saint Petersburg) 435,476 443,584 Due from officers and employees 368 152 976,385 443,736 ZAO “Stroimontazh” represents a separate group controlled by the individual holding 10% in several entities included into the pro-forma consolidated financial statements. This amount was settled in the first half of 2005. Loans given to related parties at the end of the year were as follows: 28
  29. 29. Mirax Group Notes to the pro-forma consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Loans given to other related parties at 16% interest 22,226 21,446 Loans given to officers and employees 5,618 3,981 27,844 25,427 Amounts due to related parties at the end of the year comprise the following: 2003 2004 (unaudited) ’000 RUR ’000 RUR Loans and borrowings 323,312 315,203 Due to employees 25,093 19,368 348,405 334,571 Terms of the loans due to related parties are described in Note 6. 29

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