Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                             page 1 of 24




Cash Flow Statements, S...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                                         page 2 of 24


          tha...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                                page 3 of 24


              entity, ...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                                page 4 of 24


.10            Bank bo...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                                           page 5 of 24


           ...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                                    page 6 of 24


               Whe...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                                   page 7 of 24


.22           Under...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                             page 8 of 24


.27           ♦ Cash flow...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                               page 9 of 24

Interest and Dividends

...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                             page 10 of 24


.40           When an in...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                               page 11 of 24


              with the...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                              page 12 of 24


.53           ♦ Cash fl...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                                    page 13 of 24


              ILL...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                      page 14 of 24


       (b) During the period, c...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards               page 15 of 24


Income before income taxes and extraor...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                   page 16 of 24


                                  ...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                    page 17 of 24


Foreign exchange loss on cash hel...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                    page 18 of 24


Net book value                   ...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                        page 19 of 24


       Worksheets for the dir...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                                              page 20 of 24




     ...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                                           page 21 of 24

Inventory  ...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards                     page 22 of 24


       STATEMENT PRESENTATION, S...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards          page 23 of 24


Net increase in loans                      ...
Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards        page 24 of 24


                          Consolidated Cash F...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Cash Flow Statements, Section 1540

5,655 views
5,510 views

Published on

Published in: Economy & Finance, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
5,655
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
70
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cash Flow Statements, Section 1540

  1. 1. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 1 of 24 Cash Flow Statements, Section 1540 TABLE OF CONTENTS Paragraph Purpose and scope .01-.05 Definitions .06 Cash and cash equivalents .07-.11 Classification of cash flows .12-.19 Operating activities .15-.17 Investing activities .18 Financing activities .19 Cash flows from operating activities .20-.22 Cash flows from investing and financing activities .23-.24 Cash flows on a net basis .25-.276 Foreign currency cash flows .28-.31 Extraordinary items .32-.33 Interest and dividends .34-.37 Income taxes .38-.39 Investments in equity accounted investees and joint ventures .40-.41 Business combinations and disposals of business units .42-.45 Non-cash transactions .46-.47 Disclosure of cash and equivalents .48-.52 Cash flow per share .53-.55 Illustrative examples Purpose and Scope PURPOSE AND SCOPE .01 Information about the cash flows of an enterprise enables users of financial statements to assess the capacity of the enterprise to generate cash and cash equivalents and the needs of the enterprise for cash resources. The adequacy of expected cash inflows, taking into consideration their timing and certainty of generation, is evaluated against cash resources required to repay maturing financial obligations, to finance the growth of productive assets and to make distributions to owners. Historical cash flow information is often used as an indicator of the amount, timing and certainty of future cash flows. The purpose of this Section is to require the provision of information about the historical changes in cash and cash equivalents of an enterprise by means of a cash flow statement
  2. 2. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 2 of 24 that classifies cash flows during the period arising from operating, investing and financing activities. .02 This Section does not apply to pension plans (see PENSION PLANS, Section 4100) or to not-for-profit organizations (see FINANCIAL STATEMENT PRESENTATION BY NOT-FOR-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS, Section 4400). In addition, this Section need not be applied to an investment fund that meets all of the following criteria: (a) during the period, substantially all of the investment fund's investments were highly liquid; (b) substantially all the investment fund's investments are carried at fair value (as defined in FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS — RECOGNITION AND MEASUREMENT, Section 3855); (c) the investment fund has little or no debt based on average debt outstanding during the period, in relation to total assets; and (d) the investment fund provides a statement of changes in net assets. An investment fund that presents a cash flow statement would follow this Section. .03 ♦ A cash flow statement should be presented as an integral part of the financial statements for each period for which financial statements are presented, unless the reporting enterprise is not a public enterprise 1 and the required cash flow information is readily apparent from the other financial statements or is adequately disclosed in the notes to the financial statements. When a cash flow statement is not presented, the reason should be disclosed. .04 Users of an enterprise's financial statements are interested in how the enterprise generates and uses cash and cash equivalents. This is the case regardless of the nature of the enterprise's activities and irrespective of whether cash can be viewed as the product of the enterprise, as may be the case with a financial institution. . 2 When an enterprise that is not a public enterprise has relatively simple operations with few or no significant financing and investing activities and the required cash flow information is readily apparent from the other financial statements and notes to the financial statements, the presentation of cash flows in a financial statement format would not be necessary. .05 An enterprise that presents consolidated financial statements includes a consolidated cash flow statement, in which cash flows within the consolidated 1 Public enterprises are those enterprises that have issued debt or equity securities that are traded in a public market (a domestic or foreign stock exchange or an over-the-counter market, including local or regional markets), that are required to file financial statements with a securities commission, or that provide financial statements for the purpose of issuing any class of securities in a public market. 2 Financial institutions include banks, insurance companies, trust and loan companies, credit unions, investment dealers and other similar businesses.
  3. 3. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 3 of 24 entity, such as intercompany loans, repayments and other cash transfers, are eliminated. Definitions DEFINITIONS .06 The following terms are used in this Section with the meanings specified: (a) Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits. (b) Cash equivalents are short-term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value. (c) Cash flows are inflows and outflows of cash and cash equivalents. (d) Operating activities are the principal revenue-producing activities of the enterprise and all other activities that are not investing or financing activities. (e) Investing activities are the acquisition and disposal of long-term assets and other investments not included in cash equivalents. (f) Financing activities are activities that result in changes in the size and composition of the equity capital and borrowings of the enterprise. Cash and cash equivalents Cash and cash equivalents .07 Cash subject to restrictions that prevent its use for current purposes, such as compensating balances required in accordance with lending arrangements, would not be included among cash and cash equivalents. Cash subject to restrictions would be classified on the balance sheet in accordance with CASH, Section 3000 and increases and decreases would be reflected in cash flows from investing activities. .08 Cash equivalents are held for the purpose of meeting short-term cash commitments rather than for investing or other purposes. For an investment to qualify as a cash equivalent it must be readily convertible to a known amount of cash and be subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value. Therefore, an investment normally qualifies as a cash equivalent only when it has a short maturity of, say, three months or less from the date of acquisition. Equity investments are excluded from cash equivalents. .09 In certain circumstances, investments that qualify to be treated as cash equivalents may be classified as trading assets or investments. An enterprise would establish a policy concerning which short-term, highly liquid investments, that satisfy the definition in paragraph 1540.06, will be treated as cash equivalents. For example, a bank may decide that all investments that qualify except those purchased for its trading account will be treated as cash equivalents, while an investment enterprise, whose portfolio consists largely of short-term, highly liquid investments, may decide that all such items will be treated as investments rather than cash equivalents.
  4. 4. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 4 of 24 .10 Bank borrowings are generally considered to be financing activities. However, in some cases, bank overdrafts which are repayable on demand form an integral part of an enterprise's cash management. Bank overdrafts may be included as a component of cash and cash equivalents when the bank balance fluctuates frequently from being positive to overdrawn. .11 Cash flows exclude movements between items that constitute cash or cash equivalents because these components are part of the cash management of an enterprise rather than part of its operating, investing and financing activities. Classification of Cash Flows CLASSIFICATION OF CASH FLOWS .12 ♦ The cash flow statement should report cash flows during the period classified by operating, investing and financing activities. .13 An enterprise presents its cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities in a manner which is most appropriate to its business. Classification by activity provides information that allows users to assess the impact of those activities on the financial position of the enterprise and the amount of its cash and cash equivalents. This information may also be used to evaluate the relationships among those activities. .14 A single transaction may include cash flows that are classified differently. For example, when the cash repayment of a liability includes both interest and principal, the interest component is classified as an operating activity and the principal component as a financing activity. Operating activities Operating activities .15 The amount of cash flows arising from operating activities is a key indicator of the extent to which the operations of the enterprise have generated sufficient cash flows to repay loans, maintain the operating capability of the enterprise, make new investments and provide distributions to owners without recourse to external sources of financing. Information about the specific components of historical operating cash flows is useful, in conjunction with other information, in forecasting future operating cash flows. .16 Cash flows from operating activities are primarily derived from the principal revenue-producing activities of the enterprise. Therefore, they generally result from the transactions and other events that enter into the determination of net income or loss. Examples of cash flows from operating activities are: (a) cash receipts from the sale of goods and the rendering of services; (b) cash receipts from royalties, fees, commissions and other revenue; (c) cash payments to suppliers for goods and services; (d) cash payments to and on behalf of employees; (e) cash receipts and payments of interest and dividends included in the determination of net income;
  5. 5. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 5 of 24 (f) cash receipts and payments of an insurance enterprise for premiums and claims, annuities and other policy benefits; (g) cash payments and refunds of income and other taxes; and (h) cash receipts and payments from contracts held for trading purposes. Some transactions, such as the sale of a capital asset, may give rise to a gain or loss which is included in the determination of net income or loss. However, the cash flows relating to such transactions are cash flows from investing activities. .17 An enterprise may hold securities and loans for trading purposes, 3 in which case they are similar to inventory acquired specifically for resale. Therefore, cash flows arising from the purchase and sale of trading assets are classified as operating activities. Investing activities Investing activities .18 The separate disclosure of cash flows arising from investing activities is important because the cash flows represent the extent to which expenditures have been made for resources intended to generate future income and cash flows. Examples of cash flows arising from investing activities are: (a) cash payments to acquire capital assets and other long-term assets. These payments include those relating to capitalized development costs and self- constructed capital assets including interest paid and capitalized before the assets are substantially complete and ready for productive use; (b) cash receipts from sales of capital assets and other long-term assets; (c) cash payments to acquire equity or debt instruments of other enterprises and interests in joint ventures (other than payments for those instruments considered to be cash equivalents or those held for trading purposes); (d) cash receipts from sales of equity or debt instruments of other enterprises and interests in joint ventures (other than receipts for those instruments considered to be cash equivalents and those held for trading purposes); (e) cash advances and loans made to other parties; (f) cash receipts from the repayment of advances and loans made to other parties; (g) cash payments for futures contracts, forward contracts, option contracts and swap contracts except when the contracts are held for trading purposes, or the payments are classified as financing activities; and (h) cash receipts from futures contracts, forward contracts, option contracts and swap contracts except when the contracts are held for trading purposes, or the receipts are classified as financing activities. 3 Securities and loans held for trading purposes are those acquired specifically for resale in the near term.
  6. 6. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 6 of 24 When a contract is accounted for as a hedge of an identifiable current or anticipated position, the cash flows of the contract may be classified in the same manner as the cash flows of the position being hedged provided that this accounting policy is disclosed. Financing activities Financing activities .19 The separate disclosure of cash flows arising from financing activities is important because it is useful in predicting claims on future cash flows by providers of capital and debt financing to the enterprise. Examples of cash flows arising from financing activities are: (a) cash proceeds from issuing equity instruments; (b) cash payments to owners to acquire or redeem the enterprise's shares; (c) cash proceeds from issuing debentures, loans, notes, bonds, mortgages and other short- or long-term borrowings including deposits accepted by a financial institution; (d) cash repayments of amounts borrowed; (e) cash payments by a lessee for the reduction of the outstanding liability relating to a capital lease; and (f) cash payments of dividends and interest charged to retained earnings. Cash Flows from Operating Activities CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES .20 ♦ An enterprise should report cash flows from operating activities using either the direct method or the indirect method. .21 Examples of the major classes of cash flows from operating activities are contained in paragraph 1540.16. Enterprises are encouraged to report such cash flows using the direct method. The direct method provides information which may be useful in estimating future cash flows and which is not available under the indirect method. Under the direct method, the major classes of gross cash receipts and gross cash payments are disclosed. This information may be obtained either: (a) from the accounting records of the enterprise; or (b) by adjusting sales, cost of sales, interest income and expense and other items in the income statement for: (i) non-cash items; (ii) changes during the period in inventories and operating receivables and payables; (iii) other deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments; and (iv) items for which the cash effects are investing or financing cash flows.
  7. 7. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 7 of 24 .22 Under the indirect method, the net cash flow from operating activities is determined by adjusting net income or loss for the effects of: (a) non-cash items such as depreciation, provisions for losses, future taxes, unrealized foreign currency gains and losses, undistributed profits of equity- accounted investees and non-controlling interests; (b) changes during the period in inventories and operating receivables and payables; (c) other deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments; and (d) revenues, expenses, gains or losses associated with investing or financing cash flows. Cash Flows from Investing and Financing Activities CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES .23 ♦ An enterprise should present separately major classes of gross cash receipts and gross cash payments arising from investing and financing activities, except to the extent that cash flows described in paragraphs 1540.25 and 1540.27 are presented on a net basis. .24 Examples of the major classes of investing activities are contained in paragraph 1540.18. Examples of the major classes of financing activities are contained in paragraph 1540.19. Cash Flows on a Net Basis CASH FLOWS ON A NET BASIS .25 ♦ Cash flows arising from each of the following operating, investing or financing activities may be reported on a net basis: (a) cash receipts and payments on behalf of customers when the cash flows reflect the activities of the customer rather than those of the enterprise; and (b) cash receipts and payments for items in which the turnover is quick, the amounts are large and the maturities are short. .26 (a) Examples of cash receipts and payments referred to in paragraph 1540.25(a) are: (i) funds held for customers by an investment enterprise; and (ii) rents collected on behalf of, and paid over to, the owners of properties. (b) Examples of cash receipts and payments referred to in paragraph 1540.25(b) are advances made for, and the repayment of: (i) principal amounts relating to credit card customers; (ii) the purchase and sale of trading assets; and (iii) other short-term borrowings, for example, those that have a maturity period of three months or less.
  8. 8. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 8 of 24 .27 ♦ Cash flows arising from each of the following activities of a financial institution may be reported on a net basis: (a) cash receipts and payments for the acceptance and repayment of deposits; (b) the placement of deposits with and withdrawal of deposits from other financial institutions; (c) cash advances and loans made to customers and the repayment of those advances and loans; and (d) cash flows in respect of unrecognized financial instruments. FOREIGN CURRENCY CASH FLOWS .28 ♦ Cash flows arising from transactions in a foreign currency should be recorded in an enterprise's reporting currency by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the cash flow. .29 ♦ The cash flows of integrated foreign operations as well as those arising from the investing and financing activities of self-sustaining foreign operations should be translated at the exchange rates between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the dates of the cash flows. Cash flows from the operating activities of self-sustaining foreign operations should be translated at the exchange rates at which the respective items are translated for income statement purposes. .30 Cash flows denominated in a foreign currency are reported in a manner consistent with FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION, Section 1651. This permits use of an appropriately weighted average exchange rate for the period for the translation of revenues, expenses, gains and losses. However, use of the exchange rate at the balance sheet date when translating the cash flows of a foreign subsidiary would not be appropriate unless that rate is a reasonable approximation of the actual rates at the dates of the cash flows. .31 Unrealized gains and losses arising from changes in foreign currency exchange rates are not cash flows. However, the effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents denominated in a foreign currency is reported in the cash flow statement in order to reconcile cash and cash equivalents at the beginning and the end of the period. This amount is presented separately from cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities. Extraordinary Items EXTRAORDINARY ITEMS .32 ♦ The cash flows associated with extraordinary items should be classified as arising from operating, investing or financing activities as appropriate and separately presented on a before-tax basis. .33 The cash flows associated with extraordinary items are presented separately in the cash flow statement to enable users to understand their nature and effect on the present and future cash flows of the enterprise.
  9. 9. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 9 of 24 Interest and Dividends INTEREST AND DIVIDENDS .34 ♦ Cash flows from interest and dividends received and paid and included in the determination of net income should be classified as cash flows from operating activities. Cash flows from interest and dividends paid and included in the determination of net income should be disclosed separately. .35 ♦ Interest and dividends not included in the determination of net income should be classified according to their nature. Dividends and interest paid and charged to retained earnings should be presented separately as cash flows used in financing activities. Cash flows from dividends paid by subsidiaries to non-controlling interests should be presented separately as cash flows used in financing activities. .36 When an enterprise acquires a financial asset or issues a financial liability at a discount, the amortization of the discount over the term of the instrument does not reflect a cash flow and would not be included in the cash flow statement. .37 When an enterprise acquires a financial asset or issues a financial liability at a premium, the excess of the periodic interest payments, based on the stated rate, over the effective yield recognized in income is, in substance, a repayment of principal. Cash flows from operating activities would reflect interest income or expense recognized in income. The excess of actual cash flows over amounts recognized in income would be classified as cash flows from investing or financing activities. Income Taxes INCOME TAXES .38 ♦ Cash flows arising from income taxes should be separately disclosed and should be classified as cash flows from operating activities unless they can be specifically identified with financing and investing activities, in which case they may be classified accordingly. .39 Income taxes arise on transactions classified as operating, investing or financing activities in a cash flow statement. While tax expense may be readily identifiable with investing or financing activities, the related tax cash flows are often impracticable to identify and may arise in a different period from the cash flows of the underlying transaction. Therefore, income tax payments and recoveries are usually classified as cash flows from operating activities. However, when it is practicable to identify the tax cash flow with an individual transaction that gives rise to cash flows that are classified as investing or financing activities, the tax cash flow may be classified as an investing or financing activity as appropriate. When tax cash flows are allocated over more than one class of activity, the total amount of taxes paid is disclosed. Investments in Equity Accountednd Joint Ventures INVESTMENTS IN EQUITY ACCOUNTED INVESTEES AND JOINT VENTURES
  10. 10. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 10 of 24 .40 When an investment in an entity is accounted for by use of the equity method, an investor restricts its reporting in the cash flow statement to the cash flows between itself and the investee, for example, to dividends and advances. .41 When an enterprise has an interest in a joint venture which is recognized using proportionate consolidation in accordance with INTERESTS IN JOINT VENTURES, Section 3055, the enterprise includes in its consolidated cash flow statement its proportionate share of the joint venture's cash flows. Business Combinations and Disposals of Business Units BUSINESS COMBINATIONS AND DISPOSALS OF BUSINESS UNITS .42 ♦ The aggregate cash flows arising from each of business combinations accounted for using the purchase method and disposals of business units should be presented separately and classified as cash flows from investing activities. .43 ♦ An enterprise should disclose, in aggregate, in respect of both business combinations accounted for using the purchase method and disposals of business units during the period each of the following: (a) the total purchase or disposal consideration; (b) the portion of the purchase or disposal consideration composed of cash and cash equivalents; (c) the amount of cash and cash equivalents acquired or disposed of; and (d) the total assets, other than cash or cash equivalents, and total liabilities Formatted: Indent: Hanging: 54 pt acquired or disposed of. .44 The separate presentation of the cash flow effects of business combinations accounted for as purchases and disposals of business units, together with the separate disclosure of the total amounts of assets and liabilities acquired or disposed of, helps to distinguish those cash flows from the cash flows arising from the other operating, investing and financing activities. The cash flow effects of disposals are not deducted from those of acquisitions. .45 The aggregate amount of the cash paid or received as purchase or sale consideration is presented in the cash flow statement net of cash and cash equivalents acquired or disposed of. Non-cash Transactions NON-CASH TRANSACTIONS .46 ♦ Investing and financing transactions that do not require the use of cash or cash equivalents should be excluded from a cash flow statement. Such transactions should be disclosed elsewhere in the financial statements in a way that provides all the relevant information about these investing and financing activities. .47 Many investing and financing activities do not have a direct impact on current cash flows although they do affect the capital and asset structure of an enterprise. The exclusion of non-cash transactions from the cash flow statement is consistent
  11. 11. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 11 of 24 with the objective of a cash flow statement as these items do not involve cash flows in the current period. Examples of non-cash transactions are: (a) the acquisition of assets by assuming directly related liabilities; (b) the acquisition of assets by means of a capital lease; (c) the acquisition of an enterprise in exchange for shares of the acquirer; and (d) the conversion of debt to equity. An example of a transaction which would be considered a cash inflow followed by a cash outflow rather than a non-cash transaction is the acquisition of a building financed by a third party mortgage when the lender pays the vendor directly. Disclosure of Cash and Cash Equivalents DISCLOSURE OF CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS .48 ♦ An enterprise should disclose the components of cash and cash equivalents and should present a reconciliation of the amounts in its cash flow statement with the equivalent items presented in the balance sheet. [AUG. 1998] .49 ♦ An enterprise should disclose the policy which it adopts in determining the composition of cash and cash equivalents. [AUG. 1998] .50 ♦ An enterprise should disclose the amount of cash and cash equivalents for which use is restricted. [AUG. 1998] .51 As discussed in paragraph 1540.09, in certain circumstances an enterprise may classify investments that qualify to be treated as cash equivalents, as trading assets or investments. In such circumstances, the policy for determining components of cash and cash equivalents would be disclosed. Any change in the policy for determining the components of cash and cash equivalents, for example, a change in the classification of financial instruments previously considered to be part of an enterprise's investment portfolio, would be disclosed in accordance with ACCOUNTING CHANGES, Section 1506. .52 Paragraph 1540.07 discusses cash subject to restrictions that prevent its use for current purposes. In other circumstances, cash and cash equivalents may be available for current purposes but on a restricted basis. Examples of the latter type of restriction, which would be disclosed, include: (a) cash and cash equivalent balances held by a regulated subsidiary that operates in a country where exchange controls or other legal restrictions apply with the result that the balances are not available for general use by the consolidated entity; and (b) cash and cash equivalent balances held by a joint venture which are restricted to use within the joint venture. Cash Flow Per Share CASH FLOW PER SHARE
  12. 12. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 12 of 24 .53 ♦ Cash flow amounts per share (or per unit) should not be disclosed in financial statements, except that an enterprise may disclose per-share (or per-unit) amounts payable to owners (for example, dividends paid or payable to shareholders and cash distributions to income trust unitholders). .54 Per-share or per-unit amounts of net cash flow, cash flow from operating activities or other cash flow amounts are not an alternative to earnings per share calculated in accordance with EARNINGS PER SHARE, Section 3500, as an indicator of an enterprise's performance. Those cash flow amounts do not accrue directly to the benefit of the owners of an enterprise's residual equity, as would be implied if they were reported on a per-share or per-unit basis. Accordingly, such per-share or per-unit amounts are not presented in the financial statements. However, cash distributions that comprise residual cash flows that accrue to owners may be reported on a per-share or per-unit basis. Amounts of cash distributions per-share or per-unit, paid or payable, may be disclosed on the face of the cash flow statement or in a note to the financial statements. .55 When an enterprise makes a cash distribution on a financial instrument classified as equity, and the distribution is determined in accordance with a contractual agreement or relevant constating documents (for example, a distribution clause in an income trust or real estate trust deed or declaration), the enterprise discloses: (a) the terms and conditions that apply to the determination of the cash distribution; (b) the total cash distribution; and Formatted: Indent: Hanging: 49.5 (c) the extent to which the distribution is non-discretionary. pt Transitional Provisions Illustrative Examples
  13. 13. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 13 of 24 ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLES This material is illustrative only. These examples indicate how the accounting treatment specified in this Section might be applied in particular situations. Matters of principle relating to particular situations should be decided in the context of the Section. Example 1 — Cash flow statements for an enterprise other than a financial institution Example 2 — Cash flow statements for a financial institution Example 1 — Cash flow statements for an enterprise other than a financial institution Example 1 — Cash flow statements for an enterprise other than a financial institution This example illustrates the preparation of cash flow statements under both the indirect and direct methods for Company ABC Inc., a manufacturing company with foreign operations. Other formats or levels of detail may be appropriate in other circumstances. The example shows only current period amounts. In accordance with GENERAL STANDARDS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENT PRESENTATION, Section 1400, and paragraph 1540.57, comparative information is required to be presented, unless it is not meaningful or generally accepted accounting principles (as described in GENERALLY ACCEPTED ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES, Section 1100) permit otherwise. Information from the income statement and balance sheet is provided to show how the statements of cash flows under the indirect method and direct method have been derived. The following additional information, concerning specific transactions and other changes during the period, is also relevant for the preparation of the statements of cash flows: (a) All of the shares of Subsidiary X were acquired for $590. The acquisition was accounted for using the purchase method. The fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed were as follows: (b) inventories $100 accounts receivable 100 cash 40 capital assets 650 trade payables 100 long-term debt 200
  14. 14. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 14 of 24 (b) During the period, capital assets were acquired at an aggregate cost of $1,250 of which $900 were acquired by means of capital leases. Cash of $350 was paid to purchase capital assets. (c) Capital assets with an original cost of $80 and accumulated depreciation of $45 were sold for $20. (d) Additional compensation of $210 was received during 20X2 for an expropriation of land accounted for in a prior period. Income taxes of $30 were paid in respect of this receipt. (e) $200 was raised from long-term borrowings. (f) The principal component of payments in respect of capital leases was $90. (g) $250 was raised from the issue of share capital. (h) Dividends paid were $1,200. (i) A foreign exchange loss of $40 arose in respect of cash balances carried in a foreign currency which devalued in relation to the reporting currency during 20X2. (j) Dividends of $150 were received from Company Y, an investee accounted for using the equity method. (k) Interest expense was $400 of which $170 was paid during the period. $100 relating to interest expense of the prior period was also paid during the period. (l) The liability for current income taxes at the beginning and end of the period was $1,000 and $400 respectively. Current tax expense for the period was $250. (m) The liability for future income taxes at the beginning and end of the period was $200 and $250 respectively. Company ABC Inc. Consolidated Income Statement For the period ended December 31 20X2 Sales $ 30,650 Cost of sales (26,000) Gross profit 4,650 Income from investee accounted for using the equity method 285 Interest income 500 5,435 EXPENSES Amortization of capital assets (450) Administrative and selling expenses (910) Interest expense (400) Loss on disposal of capital assets (15) Foreign exchange loss (40)
  15. 15. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 15 of 24 Income before income taxes and extraordinary item 3,620 Income taxes (300) Income before extraordinary item 3,320 Extraordinary gain, net of tax (Note 2) 180 Net income $ 3,500 ====== See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements. Company ABC Inc. Consolidated Balance Sheet As at December 31 20X2 20X1 ASSETS Current assets Cash and cash equivalents $ 560 $ 160 Accounts receivable 1,800 1,200 Interest receivable 100 — Inventory 1,000 1,950 Total current assets 3,460 3,310 Portfolio investments 2,500 2,500 Investment in Company Y 1,235 1,100 Capital assets, net (Note 1) 2,265 850 Total assets $9,460 $7,760 ===== ===== LIABILITIES Current liabilities Trade payables $ 250 $1,890 Interest payable 230 100 Current income taxes payable 400 1,000 Total current liabilities 880 2,990 Future income taxes payable 250 200 Capital leases 810 — Long-term debt 2,340 1,940 Total liabilities 4,280 5,130 SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY Share capital 1,500 1,250 Retained earnings 3,680 1,380 Total shareholders' equity 5,180 2,630 Total liabilities and shareholders' equity $9,460 $7,760
  16. 16. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 16 of 24 ===== ===== See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements. Indirect method (paragraph 1540.22) Company ABC Inc. Consolidated Cash Flow Statement For the period ended December 31 20X2 Cash flows from operating activities Net income $3,500 Items not affecting cash: Income — Company Y (285) Dividend — Company Y 150 Amortization of capital assets 450 Loss on disposal of capital assets 15 Compensation for expropriation of land (extraordinary item) (210) Foreign exchange loss 40 Future income tax expense 50 210 Changes in non-cash working capital (net of effects of acquisition of subsidiary): Increase in trade and other receivables (500) Increase in interest receivable (100) Decrease in inventories 1,050 Decrease in trade payables (1,740) Decrease in current income taxes payable (600) Increase in interest payable (Note 5) 130 Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities (1,760) 1,950 Cash flows from investing activities Acquisition of Subsidiary X, net of cash acquired (Note 3) (550) Purchase of capital assets (Note 1) (350) Proceeds from sale of equipment 20 Compensation for expropriation of land (extraordinary item) 210 Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities (670) Cash flows from financing activities Repayment of capital lease liability (90) Proceeds from long-term borrowings 200 Proceeds from issue of share capital 250 Dividends paid (1,200) Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities (840)
  17. 17. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 17 of 24 Foreign exchange loss on cash held in foreign currency (40) Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 400 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period (Note 4) 160 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period (Note 4) $ 560 ===== See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements. Direct method (paragraph 1540.21) Company ABC Inc. Consolidated Cash Flow Statement For the period ended December 31 20X2 Cash flows from operating activities Cash receipts from customers $ 30,150 Cash paid to suppliers and employees (27,600) Dividend from Company Y 150 Interest received 400 Interest paid (270) Income taxes paid (880) Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities 1,950 Cash flows from investing activities ______ (Details same as indirect method) Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities (670) Cash flows from financing activities ______ (Details same as indirect method) Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities (840) Foreign exchange loss on cash held in foreign currency (40) Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 400 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period (Note 4) 160 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period (Note 4) $ 560 ====== See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements. Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements Note 1: Capital assets 20X2 20X1 Cost of capital assets $ 3,730 $ 1,910 Accumulated amortization (1,465) (1,060)
  18. 18. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 18 of 24 Net book value $ 2,265 $ 850 ===== ===== During the period, capital assets were acquired at an aggregate cost of $1,250 of which $900 were acquired by means of capital leases. Cash payments of $350 were made to purchase the assets. Note 2: Extraordinary item During the period, the Company received compensation of $210 for an expropriation of land accounted for in a prior period. Income taxes of $30 were paid in respect of this receipt. Note 3: Business combination During the period, Subsidiary X was acquired. The fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed were as follows: Cash $ 40 Total assets other than cash 850 Total liabilities (300) Total purchase price 590 Less: Cash of Subsidiary X (40) Cash paid net of cash acquired $ 550 ==== Note 4: Cash and cash equivalents Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash on hand and balances with banks, and investments in money market instruments. Cash and cash equivalents included in the cash flow statement comprise the following balance sheet amounts: 20X2 20X1 Cash on hand and balances with banks: $ 125 $ 25 Short-term investments 435 135 Total cash and cash equivalents $ 550 $ 160 ==== ==== Note 5: Interest and income taxes paid 20X2 Interest $ 270 Income taxes $ 880
  19. 19. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 19 of 24 Worksheets for the direct method of presenting cash flows from operating activities Net income and changes in balance sheet items result from cash flows classified as operating, investing and financing activities. For many enterprises, operating activities include numerous transactions of relatively small individual amounts while investing and financing activities generally involve fewer transactions of larger amounts. For these reasons, it may be cost-effective first to determine the effects of investing and financing activities by individual transaction, and secondly to derive the effects of operating activities in aggregate by deducting the effects of investing and financing activities from total net income and balance sheet changes during the period. Worksheet 1 summarizes the effects on income and changes in balance sheet items resulting from investing, and financing cash flows during the period as well as the foreign exchange loss. Worksheet 2 utilizes this information in determining cash flows from operating activities on an aggregate basis. Worksheet 1 (debit) / credit Non-operating cash flows by balance sheet line This worksheet summarizes the accounting entries made during the period for all transactions not classified as operating activities. Profit and loss entries are netted within retained earnings. The "Cash and cash equivalents" line reflects the amounts recorded in the related sections of the cash flow statement. Investing Subsidiary Capital Extraordinary Total Balance sheet item acquisition assets item investing Transaction reference 4 (a) (b), (c) (d) Cash & cash equivalents 550 330 (210) 670 Accounts receivable (100) — — (100) Inventory (100) — — (100) Capital assets (650) (270) — (920) Accumulated amortization — (45) — (45) Trade payables 100 — — 100 Capital leases — — — — Long-term debt — 200 — 200 Share capital — — — — Retained earnings — (15) 210 195 4 Refer to transactions described at the beginning of this example.
  20. 20. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 20 of 24 Financing Foreign Total exchange Balance sheet item Debt Equity financing loss Total Transaction reference 5 (e), (f) (g), (h) (i) Cash & cash equivalents (110) 950 840 40 1,550 Accounts receivable — — — — (100) Inventory — — — — (100) Capital assets — — — — (920) Accumulated amortization — — — — (45) Trade payables — — — — 100 Capital leases (90) — (90) — (90) Long-term debt 200 — 200 — 400 Share capital — 250 250 — 250 Retained earnings — (1,200) (1,200) (40) (1,045) Worksheet 2 (debit) / credit Operating cash flows by balance sheet line — direct method This worksheet adjusts the opening balance sheet for the effects of non-operating cash flows as determined in worksheet 1. The opening balance sheet is also adjusted for the effects of non-cash transactions and income statement items during the period to arrive at a hypothetical ending balance sheet which excludes the effects of cash flows from operating activities. The differences between this balance sheet and the actual ending balance sheet reflect cash flows from operating activities as presented using the direct method. Balance Non- Balance sheet operating Non-cash Operating sheet Operating Balance sheet item 6 20X1 cash flows transactions income Sub-total 20X2 cash flows (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (Sum 1-4) (6)-(5) Cash & cash equivalents (160) 1,550 — — 1,390 (560) (1,950) Accounts receivable (1,200) (100) — (30,650) (31,950) (1,800) 30,150 Interest receivable — — — (500) (500) (100) 400 5 Refer to transactions described at the beginning of this example. 6 Bracketed letters refer to the transactions described at the beginning of this example.
  21. 21. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 21 of 24 Inventory (1,950) (100) — 26,000 23,950 (1,000) (24,950) Portfolio investments (2,500) — — — (2,500) (2,500) 0 Investment Company Y (j) (1,100) — — (285) (1,385) (1,235) 150 Capital assets (b) (1,910) (920) (900) — (3,730) (3,730) 0 Accumulated amortization 1,060 (45) — 450 1,465 1,465 0 Trade payables 1,890 100 — 910 2,900 250 (2,650) Interest payable (k) 100 — — 400 500 230 (270) 7 Current income taxes 1,000 — — 280 1,280 400 (880) payable (l) Future income taxes 200 — — 50 250 250 0 payable (m) Capital leases (b) — (90) 900 — 810 810 0 Long-term debt 1,940 400 — — 2,340 2,340 0 Share capital 1,250 250 — — 1,500 1,500 0 8 Retained earnings 1,380 (1,045) — 3,345 3,680 3,680 0 Column 1 contains the opening balance sheet. Column 2 reflects the amounts determined in the total column of worksheet 1. Column 3 relates to the non-cash transaction which occurred during the period. Column 4 represents the income statement for the period net of the income effects of investing and financing 9 activities and the foreign exchange loss as included in column 2. Again, all profit and loss entries are netted within retained earnings. The adjusted income statement is, in effect, posted to the opening balance sheet. Column 5 represents the opening balance sheet adjusted for non-operating cash flows, non-cash transactions and the income statement. Column 6 contains the closing balance sheet. Column 7 reflects the differences between the adjusted opening balance sheet and the actual closing balance sheet. The charge to inventory of $24,950 in this column is combined with the charge to trade payables of $2,650 to arrive at the total of $27,600, which appears in the direct method cash flow statement as "Cash paid to suppliers and employees". Example 2 — Cash flow statements for a financial institution Example 2 — Cash flow statements for a financial institution This example illustrates the preparation of cash flow statements under both the indirect and direct methods for a financial institution. Other formats or levels of detail may be appropriate in other circumstances. The example shows only current period amounts. In accordance with GENERAL STANDARDS OF FINANCIAL 7 Includes $30 in respect of the extraordinary item. 8 Total income $3,500 less the income effect of investing activities $195 and the foreign exchange loss $(40). 9 The financing activities included in this example did not result in charges or credits to income.
  22. 22. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 22 of 24 STATEMENT PRESENTATION, Section 1400, and paragraph 1540.57, comparative information is required to be presented, unless it is not meaningful or generally accepted accounting principles (as described in GENERALLY ACCEPTED ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES, Section 1100) permit otherwise. Indirect method (paragraph 1540.22) Financial Institution Inc. Consolidated Cash Flow Statement For the period ended December 31 20X2 Cash flows from operating activities Net income $3,186 Items not affecting cash: Amortization of premises and equipment 200 Amortization of intangible assets 125 Provision for credit losses 500 Future income tax expense 100 Increase in interest receivable (1,220) Increase in dividends receivable (421) Increase in interest payable 1,343 Increase in unrealized gains and amounts receivable on derivative (200) contracts Decrease in unrealized losses and amounts payable on derivative contracts (125) Increase in deferred loan fees 200 Increase in trading account securities (120) Loss (gain) on sale of investment securities 75 Increase in current income taxes payable 850 Other items, net 61 Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities 4,554 Cash flows from investing activities Disposal of subsidiary Y 50 Net increase in deposits with banks (416)
  23. 23. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 23 of 24 Net increase in loans (288) Net increase in credit card receivables (360) Purchase of investment securities (600) Proceeds from sales of investment securities 1,200 Increase in securities purchased under resale agreements (350) Purchase of capital assets (500) Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities (1,264) Cash flows from financing activities Net increase in deposits from customers 400 Issues of subordinated debt 1,000 Maturities of subordinated debt (200) Issue of preference shares by subsidiary 800 Increase in securities sold but not yet purchased 250 Decrease in securities sold under repurchase agreements (150) Proceeds from issuance of preferred shares 500 Proceeds from issuance of common shares 300 Common shares purchased for cancellation (50) Dividends paid — common shares (400) Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 2,450 Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents 125 Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 5,865 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 4,050 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $9,915 ===== Direct method (paragraph 1540.21) Financial Institution Inc.
  24. 24. Working Draft — Proposed Private Enterprise Standards page 24 of 24 Consolidated Cash Flow Statement For the period ended December 31 20X2 Cash flows from operating activities Interest received $21,268 Dividends received 4,275 Fees and commissions received 2,175 Other income 1,229 Interest paid (23,463) Recoveries on loans previously written off 237 Cash payments to suppliers and employees (997) Increase in trading account securities (120) Income taxes paid (100) Other items, net 50 Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities 4,554 Cash flows from investing activities _____ (Details same as indirect method) Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities (1,264) Cash flows from financing activities _____ (Details same as indirect method) Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 2,450 Foreign exchange loss on cash held in foreign currency 125 Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 5,865 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 4,050 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $9,915 =====

×