Underlying Causes 2nd C. BCE Hellenism and Assimilation Samaritans deny ‘Jewish’ connection The War of Rome against the Jewish people 1st Century Greek speaking Jews in Pharisaic/RabbinicJudea, etc and Diaspora Jews vs. Hellenized followers of Zealots,Essenes Jesus
Underlying CausesThe conquest of the Holy Land by Alexander the Great introducedHellenism to the Hebrews. Substantial numbers accepted Greeklanguage and culture and thereby create deep divisions in Jewish lifeand culture. Persecution under Antiochus IV. Epiphanes deepens thedivision, but Hebraists are victorious and Jerusalem Temple isrededicated.Roman conquest of Judea further isolates the Hebraists from thesecularists.Resistance by Nationalists to Romanization favoured by HellenistsRapid Hellenization of the Jesus movement separates the churchfrom Judaism with a growth in anti-Jewish polemics from theChurch Fathers
Gentile Presumptions: Temple destruction consequence of failure to acknowledge Jesus as MessiahNon-Jewish Christians take it upon themselves to exegete Jewish Scriptures and define Jewish traditions
GENTILE PRESUMPTION CONT’DSynoptic Gospels: John’s Gospel: Jesus becomesPresent a Jesus who is Jewish generic and enemy of the Jews Opinion forming, distorting NarrativesJews are faithless; have difficulty Roman Centurion calls Jesus accepting Jesus’ mission Lord; has faith (Matt. 8:5-8; 13)Jews are blind to Jesus Roman Centurion ‘sees’! (Matt.27:54; Mk.15:39; Lk.23:47)Jews antagonistic “OTHER”, Roman Graciousness; kindness; violent, mob mentality (Acts 23)Embodiment of evil, bloodthirstyJews “sons of the devil”Ethos of demonization
Gentile Presumption cont’d. Monotheism Divinity of Jesus Election Gentiles Land Focused Stephen’s Idea of the in the Temple Temple within Paul and the ‘Law’ Covenant Focused in the Torah
Contributing factors: 1st to 4th cent. C.E. Hellenized, Greek speaking Jews in Jerusalem, Judea The Zealots and various pro-temple factions Hellenized followers of Jesus Marcion and his Anti-Jewish New Testament The early Church Fathers Constantine bans Jewish festivals, the Sabbath and circumcision
Contributing factors: 5th to 20th cent. C.E. The New Testament The post-Nicene Church Fathers Ethos of demonization The Inquisition Martin Luther The 1611 King James Bible
Fig. 1 A map as published in the Revised Standard Version ofthe Bible; publ. 1952 – the name Palestine (Palaestina) did not come into being until more than 100 years AFTER Jesus
Contributing factors: 5th to 20th cent. C.E. Ongoing Allegorization of the Hebrew Bible (O.T.) Palestinianism and denial of a physical restoration
Common Christian ConclusionsLoss of Temple Loss of God’sLoss of Priesthood =Loss of Sacrifice Favour ...therefore:No Temple, no priesthood, no sacrifice, NO GOD ERROR: Church is the New Israel and Modern Israel is illegitimate
SUMMARY:Early Christianity had a major influence informing the Gentile world’s opinion concerningthe Jewish people.The compilers of the New Testament used anti-Jewish language to perpetuate the problemThe church promoted active Jew hatred throughblood libel and the Inquisition that lasted over600 years. For further information please email firstname.lastname@example.org
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