Environmental scan strategies & resources for RECL 4P05


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Info on conducting an environmental scan for age-friendly community resources, critically evaluating information and finding demographic information about Niagara.

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  • Next stop: where & howto search >> think before you searchTo start, pull 1-2 keywords out of your topic and use them for your searchSearchengines such as Google and SuperSearch work by matching the words you enter in the search box to the words in the documents it searches. So for Google, that’s billions of web pages; for Supersearch it’s records for everything the library has – books, articles, movies, music, etc.Generally, search engines work by trying to match all the words you put in the search box – so the more words you type, the fewer results you will get; the fewer words you type, the more results you will get because it’s easier for the search engine to match fewer words
  • SuperSearch> library’s Google-style search engine-searches library’s collection of books, films, music and goes into journal databases to retrieve articles as well>> to get good background info, you may have to search for your topic at its broadest level e.g. instead of starting with age-friendly communities, start with community recreation planning
  • Quotes are particularly helpful if you’re the words in your phrase are common and might generate a ton of results otherwise e.g. “capacity building”
  • There are vast quantities of info available – lots of it is good, lots of it is bad. It can be hard to tell the difference.When you use SuperSearch, or a library database, you know that the information is scholarly. But what about info from the web?There are some easy ways to tell if what you’re looking at is the kind of high-quality relevant information you need to succeed on this assignment.Apply the CRAAP test – evaluate information according to its currency, relevance, authority, accuracy, purpose
  • Questions?
  • How it works: Google Scholar indexes webpages and pulls citation information from journal articles, conference proceedings, working papers, reports and other documents – but we have no idea where exactly it is searching; no assurance material has been peer-reviewed; we also have to trust its weighting system will actually turn up the most relevant results for your search
  • Writing and citing resources:-guides to APA style – OWL at Purdue, Dalhousie University handout
  • We know that you’re working from all over the place – home, residence, etc – so most of our services are available online
  • Need help - we’ve got it > lots of how-to videos, etc. on our Help page
  • So we’ve learned:-to use the CRAAP test when evaluating info on the web – and elsewhere-strategies for finding background and foreground information – including grey literature – about recreation planning and age friendly communities-strategies for finding demographic information -that the library is here to help
  • Environmental scan strategies & resources for RECL 4P05

    1. 1. Age-friendly communities: information strategies & resources Elizabeth Yates, Recreation & Leisure Librarian Winter 2014
    2. 2. So how do you find the good stuff?
    3. 3. Today’s outcomes You will recall strategies for: • Conducting an enviromental scan using scholarly & grey literature • Critically evaluating information • Finding relevant demographic information • Getting help with APA style
    4. 4. Niagara Age-Friendly Community Network Assignment • How the library can help: – Finding information for environmental scan – Finding demographic info for Niagara Christina Saint Marche, Flickr: http://flic.kr/p/ejkfvf
    5. 5. Environmental scan • Term originated in business and marketing research • Refers to: – Actively scanning a variety of relevant information sources (e.g. books, scholarly journal articles, websites, news articles) – Collecting relevant information on your topic – Evaluating and synthesizing information from multiple sources Source: Industry & Market research, Portland State University Library: http://guides.library.pdx.edu/industry
    6. 6. The Research Path BACKGROUND INFO: -overview -key concepts & vocabulary BOOKS • Work from background to foreground FOREGROUND: -very specific, timely aspects of topic JOURNAL ARTICLES
    7. 7. Think like a search engine
    8. 8. Finding background info URL: http://researchguides.library.brocku.ca/RECL >Find books tab >SuperSearch >use your keywords here TIP: Start broad -- add more words as needed Image: 'untitled' http://www.flickr.com/photos/11 797720@N00/8559607109 Found on flickrcc.net
    9. 9. Tips & tricks 1. Use “quotes” to search for an exact phrase e.g. “age friendly” 2. Use * to search for variations of a word ending e.g. plan* (plan, planning, planned) 3. Scroll down: the first results may not be the best
    10. 10. Succeed with SuperSearch 1. Refine your results: select “books & media @ Brock” to get background info 2. Slide the Publication Date to adjust time period 3. Select “Subject” to find results focused on a specific aspect of your topic 4. Add another keyword to find results focused on a specific aspect of your topic 5. To get a book: note location in library (print books) OR click “read this online” (ebooks)
    11. 11. Evaluating info: the CRAAP test
    12. 12. CRAAP C – Currency R – Relevance A – Authority A – Accuracy P -- Purpose
    13. 13. Ask yourself: Currency >How current is this info? Relevance >How well does it relate to my topic? Authority >Who wrote this? What are the author’s qualifications? Can anyone add info to this site?
    14. 14. CRAAP, continued Accuracy > Can the facts be verified? Are references clearly listed? Purpose >Why does this information exist?
    15. 15. Like videos? Here you go: Evaluating websites: http://youtu.be/7w62Wfgfc7w
    16. 16. On the web Many websites are good sources of info for your topic: see Recreation & Leisure Research Guide > Websites > for ideas Remember the CRAAP test!
    17. 17. Leisure information network “LIN's vision is to be recognized as the national knowledge-based digital forum for sharing value-added information regarding individual and community nourishment and well-being through recreation, parks, and healthy living.” Try searching: 1. “age friendly” 2. “age friendly” community
    18. 18. Other strategies • Municipal websites e.g. Welland > Departments > Recreation and Culture Summary of Parks, Recreation and Culture plan (Vision 2025) • Community organization websites e.g. Niagara Connects > Niagara Knowledge Exchange • Niagara Community Observatory
    19. 19. Grey literature Publications produced outside the traditional scholarly platforms of academic journals and books Examples: • Reports from organizations • Government reports • Policy documents • Conference proceedings • Working papers Grey literature can be used for background & foreground info
    20. 20. Strategies for finding grey lit • Use known sources e.g. Niagara Connects, LIN • Use Google/Google Scholar – carefully! Antiques, by bibliojojo: flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/68509201@N08/7360308172
    21. 21. Tips for Google/Google Scholar • Use advanced search – click • Try exact phrase – e.g. age friendly • Try any words – for synonym searching – e.g. city OR community • Restrict to a geographic region -e.g. Canada
    22. 22. Scholarly articles • Found in subject databases such as Leisure and Tourism, SportDISCUS, Web of Science • Written by researchers who are topic experts • Your topic is multidisciplinary > SuperSearch is a good bet
    23. 23. Succeed with SuperSearch 1. Refine your results: select “peer-reviewed journals” to get scholarly articles 2. Slide the Publication Date to adjust time period 3. Select “Subject” to find results focused on a specific aspect of your topic 4. Add another keyword to find results focused on a specific aspect of your topic 5. To get an article: use the GetIt link
    24. 24. Search tools: combine concepts Search words AND, OR are powerful tools for retrieving relevant results Distinct concepts: use AND e.g. “community engagement” AND planning home.howstuffworks.com/power-drill.htm Similar concepts (synonyms): use OR e.g. recreation OR leisure
    25. 25. Niagara data Try the Recreation & Leisure Research Guide> Data & Statistics page: • Census of Canada & National Household Survey> age, gender, income, etc. • Info varies depending on geographic level e.g. economic region (Niagara), census tract
    26. 26. Data and statistics Other useful sources (on research guide>data and stats page): • Living in Niagara 2011 • Canada Info Desk > Major Canadian Cities > St. Catharines • Niagara data - mapped Tip: data/stats may not be available at the level you want
    27. 27. Help with APA style Recreation & Leisure Research Guide – Library website > left nav menu “Research Guides by Program” • Writing and Citing tab
    28. 28. Getting Help Chat with us from this widget @ brocku.ca/library Text us @ 289.271.8777 Search our Question & Answer Bank
    29. 29. brocku.ca/library Click on the Help Tab to search topics by Category Contact me: eyates@brocku.ca 905-688-5550 x4469
    30. 30. Summing up
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