Open Access & education:
an introduction

Elizabeth Yates, Liaison/Scholarly
Communication Librarian
February 2014
Today’s outcomes
You will recall:
Characteristics of Open Access
publishing, particularly in Education
Current issues su...
Hot button issue: grant funding

Image: 'The Red Button'
http://www.flickr.com/photos/57768536@N05/7904690074
Found on fli...
OA

• Free, immediate online access to
scholarly research
• No end-user fees
• Usually greater freedom for re-use
How is this happening?
• Open Access journals
• Online repositories – subject or
institutionally based
• Data sharing (not...
Rapid growth in OA Journals
Open Access publishing
in Education
Search for OA Education journals:
1. Directory of Open Access Journalswww.doaj.org
2. ...
Canadian OA Education journals
•

Historical Studies in Education/Revue d'histoire de l'éducationQueen's University

•

In...
Open Education Journals
@ Brock
Brock Education > Editor: Dr. Julian Kitchen
-a peer-reviewed Canadian journal that publis...
Repositories
• Scope:
– Subject e.g. arXiv.org
– Institutional e.g. Brock’s Digital
Repository

• Content:
– Preprint
– Fi...
Education in OA Repositories
• Digital Repository @ Brock University – Education MRPs,
Master’s and PhD Education theses
•...
OpenDOAR
opendoar.org
• Global
database of
repositories
• Can search by
subject e.g.
education
Image: 'Dolmabahçe Palace.....
Fact Fiction?
All Open Access journals
charge publication fees
Fiction!!
Fact > Multiple OA business models*:
-Publication fees
-Advertising
-Free online, print suscription
-Institution...
Fact Fiction?
Open Access publishing is
incompatible with rigorous
peer review
Fiction!!
Fact > OA is fully compatible with
rigourous peer review

-every journal establishes its own peer-review
process...
Fact Fiction?
Open Access authors retain
full copyright
FaCt!!
Fact > Fully OA journals allow you
retain copyright on your work
-usually, Open Access authors can choose from a
va...
Fact Fiction?
Articles in OA publications
are eligible for
consideration in promotion
& tenure decisions
FaCt!!
Fact > P&T committees can decide
what counts – including OA publishing
-you confer the prestige

-OA is linked to h...
Open Access Effect

- http://ro.ecu.edu.au/ajte/ - Edith Cowan
University
- 350,000 downloads since 2011
- submissions hav...
Thinking @ OA? Helpful links
Brock Library > About Us > Open Access www.brocku.ca/library/about-us-lib/openaccess

Brock L...
Questions?

Elizabeth Yates
eyates@brocku.ca
X4469
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Education and Open Acess EYates Brock University

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Presentation to the Faculty Board, Faculty of Education, Brock University. February 2014. Elizabeth Yates, Scholarly Communication/Liaison Librarian.

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  • Tri Council – CIHR, SSHRC, NSERC – will be adopting an Open Access publishing policy sometime in the near futureSo those of you with SSHRC funding will therefore be sharing your work openly and various options for that will be availableTriggered by:-ethical imperative > research funded by taxpayers should be available to taxpayers-financial imperative > journal publishing is a multi-billion-dollar enterprise, with huge profit margins; in today’s era of shrinking academic budgets, we can no longer to afford to pay the publishers what they wantSurvey responses: 1 for, 1 against
  • Key features:-immediate access with no user fees-But, since there is no such thing as free publishing, OA publishers finance editorial production with various means, including charging article processing fees, selling advertising, or other means.-the key distinction is who pays – it’s not the user
  • DOAJ:-slide demos the huge growth in OA j publishing since 2004
  • ERGO: based at University of Colorado
  • Library hosts the journal infrastructure and provides technical support
  • Repositories – online archive for digital scholarly materials -- are another form of scholarly publishingBrock’s Digital Repository: collects all graduate theses & major research papers; working papers for ESRC; Special Collections; and moreBrock: focus on transdiciplinary collections eg working papers of Envir Sustainability Research Centre
  • Can see big growth in repos via OpenDOAR,a searchable database of subject and institutional respositories maintained at the Centre for Research Communications at the University of Nottingham.Useful for faculty and students: can look for subject repostories; contents searchable (eg War of 1812 Brock)
  • “Open access increases cites to the best content (top-ranked journals or articles in upper quintiles of citations within a volume) but reduces cites to lower-quality content.”
  • Education and Open Acess EYates Brock University

    1. 1. Open Access & education: an introduction Elizabeth Yates, Liaison/Scholarly Communication Librarian February 2014
    2. 2. Today’s outcomes You will recall: Characteristics of Open Access publishing, particularly in Education Current issues such as grant compliance Copyright considerations Where to find information
    3. 3. Hot button issue: grant funding Image: 'The Red Button' http://www.flickr.com/photos/57768536@N05/7904690074 Found on flickrcc.net
    4. 4. OA • Free, immediate online access to scholarly research • No end-user fees • Usually greater freedom for re-use
    5. 5. How is this happening? • Open Access journals • Online repositories – subject or institutionally based • Data sharing (not for today )
    6. 6. Rapid growth in OA Journals
    7. 7. Open Access publishing in Education Search for OA Education journals: 1. Directory of Open Access Journalswww.doaj.org 2. JURN: free arts & humanities journals www.jurn.org >find relevant content with keyword searching e.g. teacher education >watch for copyright restrictions
    8. 8. Canadian OA Education journals • Historical Studies in Education/Revue d'histoire de l'éducationQueen's University • International Journal of Education Policy and Leadership - Simon Fraser University • Journal of Contemporary Issues in Education - University of Alberta • Canadian Journal of Higher Education - Revue canadienne d’enseignement supérieur - University of British Columbia • Journal of Teaching and Learning - University of Windsor • The Journal of the Canadian Association for Curriculum Studies (JCACS) - York University • Journal of Classroom Research in Literacy - University of Toronto
    9. 9. Open Education Journals @ Brock Brock Education > Editor: Dr. Julian Kitchen -a peer-reviewed Canadian journal that publishes two issues a year -focuses on research and practice of teaching, teacher education and teacher development Teaching and Learning > Editor: Dr. Tony Di Petta -published by the Brock-Golden Horseshoe Educational Consortium -focuses on current research and thinking about critical issues in education that affect schools and boards
    10. 10. Repositories • Scope: – Subject e.g. arXiv.org – Institutional e.g. Brock’s Digital Repository • Content: – Preprint – Final manuscript – Other versions
    11. 11. Education in OA Repositories • Digital Repository @ Brock University – Education MRPs, Master’s and PhD Education theses • Education @ University of Toronto's T-Space – research from the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE) community • Stanford University School of Education (SUSE) Open Archive working papers, published articles, and other materials produced by the faculty, staff, and students at Stanford University School of Education • Education @ University of Ottawa's repository - includes theses, articles, working papers, technical reports, conference papers, etc. from the University of Ottawa's Faculty of education.
    12. 12. OpenDOAR opendoar.org • Global database of repositories • Can search by subject e.g. education Image: 'Dolmabahçe Palace...' http://www.flickr.com/photos/37134982@N00/1266859025 Found on flickrcc.net
    13. 13. Fact Fiction? All Open Access journals charge publication fees
    14. 14. Fiction!! Fact > Multiple OA business models*: -Publication fees -Advertising -Free online, print suscription -Institutional subsidies/technical support -Membership dues -Indexing revenues (e.g. EBSCO, Scopus, Proquest) *Source: OA journal business models, Open Access Directory: http://oad.simmons.edu/oadwiki/OA_journal_business_models
    15. 15. Fact Fiction? Open Access publishing is incompatible with rigorous peer review
    16. 16. Fiction!! Fact > OA is fully compatible with rigourous peer review -every journal establishes its own peer-review process: this is independent of how articles are dissemminated (subscription versus OA) -peer-review itself is problematic and does not guarantee scientific rigour (bias, retractions, fraud)* Smith, R. (2006). Peer review: a flawed process at the heart of science and journals. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 99(4): 178-182. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1420798/ Birukou, A., Wakeling, J.R., Bartolini, C., et al. (2011). Alternatives to peer review: novel approaches for research evaluation. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 5 (56). doi: 10.3389/fncom.2011.00056 Jefferson T, Alderson P, Wager E, Davidoff F. (2002). Effects of editorial peer review: a systematic review. JAMA, 287: 2784-6. doi:10.1001/jama.287.21.2784 Van Noorden, R. (2011). Science publishing: the trouble with retractions. Nature 478, 26-28. doi:10.1038/478026a
    17. 17. Fact Fiction? Open Access authors retain full copyright
    18. 18. FaCt!! Fact > Fully OA journals allow you retain copyright on your work -usually, Open Access authors can choose from a variety Creative Commons licenses e.g. CCBY, CC-BY-NC
    19. 19. Fact Fiction? Articles in OA publications are eligible for consideration in promotion & tenure decisions
    20. 20. FaCt!! Fact > P&T committees can decide what counts – including OA publishing -you confer the prestige -OA is linked to higher impact* -recognizing OA in P&T can open the door for other emerging forms of scholarship *Mark J. McCabe, Christopher M. Snyder (2013) The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Poorer: The Effect of Open Access on Cites to Science Journals Across the Quality Spectrum, Social Science Research Network SSRN, May 25, 2013
    21. 21. Open Access Effect - http://ro.ecu.edu.au/ajte/ - Edith Cowan University - 350,000 downloads since 2011 - submissions have increased significantly, allowing AJTE to publish twelve issues a year while still rejecting sixty percent of submissions - citation rate for journal has doubled since 2012
    22. 22. Thinking @ OA? Helpful links Brock Library > About Us > Open Access www.brocku.ca/library/about-us-lib/openaccess Brock Library > Services for Faculty > Guidelines for Evaluating a Journal/Publisher – brocku.ca/library/services- lib/faculty/guidelines-for-evaluating-a-journal-publisher Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition – protect your rights as an author > sparc.arl.org/resources/authors/addendum
    23. 23. Questions? Elizabeth Yates eyates@brocku.ca X4469
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