Summarizing 1


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Summarizing 1

  1. 1. Summarizing Stories/Examples/Details E. Siler
  2. 2. Why Writers/Speakers Use These • See: • To make points that are interesting • To strengthen arguments • To clarify things hard-to-understand material
  3. 3. In Summarizing . . . • Focus on the purpose: a good summary focuses on the writer’s purpose. Provide just enough information to point the reader to the example, story or detail to look for more information; Do not overstate; Do not give too many details that need explanation or background support.
  4. 4. Structures and Summary • The speaker told a story about . . . • The speaker told a story that . . . • The speaker told a story of X to do (for the purpose of) Y. . .
  5. 5. FROM THE VIDEO #1 • Bea Johnson told a story about how her family downsized their home and their lifestyle. • Bea Johnson told a story that showed how she downsized her lifestyle while downsizing her home. • Bea Johnson explained how getting a smaller home got her started in the zero waste lifestyle.
  6. 6. Descriptions v. Generalizations • Descriptions focus on visual details. They don’t belong in summaries. • Generalizations serve as “topic sentences” and point readers to go looking for the details. Generalizations are also connected to purpose.
  7. 7. FROM THE VIDEO #2 • Descriptive details about trash: a huge can of trash/ once a week; a handful of trash collected in four months. • Generalizations: significantly reduced trash output.
  8. 8. Contrast • Bea Johnson says that her trash output has gone from one big can a week to a small handful of trash in four months. • Bea Johnson shows how the zero-waste lifestyle has caused her trash output to drop to almost nothing .
  9. 9. Groupings and Categories • Sometimes writers will provide long lists of examples. • The point is to look for the common element in the list and create a category. • Again, focus on the purpose of the list.
  10. 10. FROM THE VIDEO #3 • Bulk, bring bottles, cleaning products, homemade, vinegar, micro- fiber, compostable tooth brushes, milk in reusable bottles, stores in mesh bags, jars to the store, one for meat . . .
  11. 11. Contrast • Bea Johnson explains how she makes her own cleaning products with vinegar and stores items in jars and mesh bags she brings to the store. • Bea Johnson shows how she reduces packaging waste as well as chemical impact on the environment when purchasing groceries and common household items.