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Chapter 12 Services and Nonprofit Organization Marketing 2014
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    Chapter 12 Services and Nonprofit Organization Marketing 2014 Chapter 12 Services and Nonprofit Organization Marketing 2014 Presentation Transcript

    • Lamb, Hair, McDaniel Chapter 12 Service and Nonprofit Organization Marketing 2013-2014
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2 Discuss the importance of services to the economy Discuss the differences between services and goods Describe the components of service quality and the gap model of service quality Develop marketing mixes for services 1 4 2 3
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 3 Discuss relationship marketing in services Explain internal marketing in services Discuss global issues in services marketing Describe nonprofit organization marketing 1 4 2 3
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved.4 Discuss the importance of services to the economy The Importance of Services 1
    • The Importance of Services During recession, ten of eleven service sectors had increased revenues. Services involve: • Deed • Performance • Effort © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 5 1
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved.6 Discuss the differences between services and goods How Services Differ from Goods 2
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 7 How Services Differ from Goods Intangible Inseparable Heterogeneous Perishable No physical object makes it hard to communicate benefits. Production and consumption are simultaneous, meaning the consumer takes part in production. Services depend on their employees for quality, which makes consistency difficult to achieve. Services cannot be saved, and it is challenging to synchronize supply and demand. 2
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 8 When Services are Assessed • Search Quality—more often applied to goods, assessed before purchase • Experience quality—assessed after purchase • Credence quality—assessed only with appropriate knowledge. 2
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved.9 Describe the components of service quality and the gap model of service quality Service Quality 3
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 10 Components of Service Quality Tangibles The physical evidence of the service. Empathy Caring, individualized attention to customers. Assurance The knowledge and courtesy of employees. Responsiveness The ability to provide prompt service. Reliability The ability to perform the service right the first time. 3
    • 11 Exhibit 12.1 Gap Model of Service Quality 3
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved.12 Develop marketing mixes for services Marketing Mixes for Services 4
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 13 Product Strategies for Services Service Mix Customization or Standardization Core and Supplementary Process 4
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 14 Service as a Process Mental Stimulus Processing People Processing Possession Processing Information Processing 4
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 15 The Service Offering Core Service Supplementary Service The most basic benefit the consumer is buying. A group of services that support or enhance the core service. 4
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 16 Customization/Standardization A strategy that uses technology to deliver customized services on a mass basis. Mass Customization 4
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 17 The Service Mix Determine what new services to introduce Determine target market Decide what existing services to maintain and to eliminate 4
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 18 Place (Distribution) Strategy Scheduling Location Direct or indirect distribution Number of outlets Convenience 4
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 19 Promotion Strategy Stress tangible cues Use personal information sources Create a strong organizational image Engage in postpurchase communication 4
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 20 Price Strategy Define the unit of service consumption Determine if multiple elements are “bundled” or priced separately Pricing Challenges for Services 4
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 21 Pricing Objectives Revenue-Oriented Pricing Operations- Oriented Pricing Patronage- Oriented Pricing Maximize the surplus of income over costs Match supply and demand by varying price Maximize the number of customers by varying price 4
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved.22 Discuss relationship marketing in services Relationship Marketing in Services 5
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 23 Relationship Marketing in Services 2 Social Financial 1 Financial 3 Structural Social Financial Pricing incentives Design services to meet customer needs Creating value- added services not available elsewhere 5
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved.24 Explain internal marketing in services Internal Marketing in Service Firms 6
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 25 Internal Marketing Treating employees as customers and developing systems and benefits that satisfy their needs. 6
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved.26 Discuss global issues in services marketing Global Issues in Services Marketing 7
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 27 Global Issues in Services Marketing • The U.S. is the world’s largest exporter of services • The marketing mix must reflect each country’s cultural, technological, and political environment 7
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved.28 Describe nonprofit organization marketing Nonprofit Organization Marketing 8
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 29 Nonprofit Organization An organization that exists to achieve some goal other than the usual business goals of profit, market share, or return on investment. • Government • Museums • Theaters • Schools • Churches 8
    • Nonprofit Organization Marketing © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 30 Market intangible products Production requires customer’s presence Services vary greatly Services cannot be stored Shared Characteristics with Service Organizations 8
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 31 Nonprofit Organization Marketing Activities Identify desired customers Specify objectives Develop, manage, eliminate programs and services Decide on prices Schedule events or programs Communicate their availability 8
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 32 • Setting of marketing objectives • Selection of target markets • Development of marketing mixes Unique Aspects of Nonprofit Organization Marketing Strategies 8
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 33 Objectives Provide services that respond to the wants of :  Users  Payers  Donors  Politicians  Appointed officials  Media  General Public 8
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 34 Target Markets Apathetic or strongly opposed targets Pressure to adopt undifferentiated segmentation Complementary positioning Unique Issues of Nonprofit Organizations 8
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 35  Benefit complexity  Weak or indirect benefit strength  Low involvement Product Decisions Distinctions between Business and Nonprofit Organizations 8
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 36 Promotion Decisions Sales promotion activities Public service advertising Professional volunteers 8
    • © 2013 by Cengage Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved. 37 Pricing Decisions Below-cost pricing Separation between payers and users Indirect payment Nonfinancial prices Pricing objectives Characteristics Distinguishing Pricing Decisions of Nonprofit Organizations 8
    • © Cengage Learning Inc. 2013. All Rights Reserved.38 Chapter 12 Video Pepe’s Pizzeria Pepe’s is a family owned and operated pizzeria in Connecticut. The original Pepe earned the nickname “Old Reliable” for his customer service, and his grandchildren carry out that value today. This video discusses the various ways that Pepe’s Pizzeria works to provide great, consistent service and why it is important. CLICK TO PLAY VIDEO
    • © Cengage Learning Inc. 2013. All Rights Reserved.39 Part 3 Video Scripps Networks Interactive Product Decisions Scripps Networks Interactive is a media company that operates popular channels such as Food Network, DIY, and other lifestyle channels. In this video, employees discuss how Scripps manages and develop their new cross-platform products, such as social media and apps for mobile devices. CLICK TO PLAY VIDEO