DESCRIPTION Fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source. Refers to the cultivated white button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus; hence the word "mushroom" is most often applied to those fungi (Basidiomycota, Agaricomycetes) that have a stem (stipe), a cap (pileus), and gills (lamellae, sing. lamella) or pores on the underside of the cap.
TRIVIA Mycophagists refer to the people who collect mushrooms. The act of collecting mushrooms known as mushroom hunting, or simply "mushrooming". China is the worlds largest edible mushroom producer. It country produces about half of all cultivated mushrooms, and around 2.7 kilograms (6.0 lb) of mushrooms are consumed per person per year by over a billion people
HUMAN USE Food Medicine Sacrament Purposes Dyeing Purposes Fire Starters Biodegradable Packaging Biological Remediation Techniques
Mushrooms have numeroususes. However, man has to becareful because somemushrooms are... POISONOUS!!!
AMANITA Starts as an egg-shaped button which can resemble a small puffball. This breaks open as the mushroom grows. Fully developed amanitas are gilled mushrooms with parasol-shaped caps that may be white, yellow, red or brown. Have a saclike cup surrounding the base of the stem buried just beneath the soil surface and may not be obvious, ring on the stem, white gills, white spore print. Responsible for approximately 95% of the fatalities resulting from mushroom poisoning. Found on the ground in woodlands in summer and fall.
FALSE MOREL Contain a toxic chemical called monomethyl hydrazine (MMH) which causes diarrhea, vomiting and severe headaches, and can be fatal. However, due to different cooking techniques and individual sensitivities to MMH, false morels poison some people but leave others unaffected. MMH level may vary based on area. Have wrinkled, irregular caps that are brain-like or saddle-shaped. They may be black, gray, white, brown or reddish. Found in spring, summer and fall, on the ground in woodlands.
LITTLE BROWN MUSHROOMS (LBMs) Catch-all category for all small to medium- sized, hard-to-identify brownish mushroom with spores of all colors. Many are harmless, some are mildly poisonous or hallucinogenic, and a few are deadly. The innocent-looking little mushrooms of the genus Galerina containing the same toxin as amanitas are probably the most dangerous of the LBMs. Found in spring, summer and fall, in all habitats. Poisonous LBMs may grow on soil or wood and may appear in lawns, pastures or forests.
FIRST AID Call for medical help. Check and monitor the persons airway, breathing, and pulse. If necessary, begin rescue breathing and CPR. Try to make sure that the person has indeed been poisoned. It may be hard to tell. Some signs include chemical-smelling breath, burns around the mouth, difficulty breathing, vomiting, or unusual odors on the person. If possible, identify the poison. Do NOT make a person throw up unless told to do so by poison control or a health care professional. If the person vomits, clear the persons airway. Wrap a cloth around your fingers before cleaning out the mouth and throat. If the person has been sick from a plant part, save the vomit. It may help experts identify what medicine can be used to help reverse the poisoning. Keep the person comfortable. The person should be rolled onto the left side, and remain there while getting or waiting for medical help. If the poison has spilled on the persons clothes, remove the clothing and flush the skin with water.