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Unit 2 assignment elizabeth hall

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  • 1. Running Head: Community Based Corrections<br />A Beginning Look at Community Based Corrections<br />Elizabeth Hall<br />Kaplan University<br />CJ130-02 Introduction to Corrections<br />Amy Ng<br />9.8.2010<br />A Beginning Look at Community Based Corrections<br />Introduction<br />When a criminal completes their allotted sentence and their period of incarceration is over, they often need help adjusting to life outside of prison or jail. This is where Community Based Corrections takes over. There are several types of Community Based Corrections: probation, intermediate sanctions, parole, and reentry programs. There is a new approach called reentry courts as well. Imagine you are a criminal who has been incarcerated for five years and suddenly you are changing from a world filled with violence and strife, to one where technology has surpassed what was new when you went in, and violence is not condoned. The Community Based Corrections programs are designed to smooth the transition between incarceration and the full return to society for the criminal. The goals of the Community Based Corrections, sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs (OJP), the Department of Justice (DOJ), and the federal Departments of Education, Health and Human Services, Labor, and Housing and Urban Development, are to use these programs to reintegrate every criminal back into society as law-abiding citizens. With Community Based Correctional programs such as probation, parole, intermediate sanctions, and reentry programs, the government hopes to reduce recidivism by reintegrating criminals into society as law-abiding citizens<br />Defining Types of Community Based Corrections<br />There are several different types of Community Based Correctional Programs that used separately or in some instances conjunction with each other to provide readjustment periods for offenders. There was a rise in the use of Community Based Corrections in the 1980’s due to correctional facilities overcrowding populations. We currently use probation, parole, intermediate sanctions, and reentry programs to provide comprehensive case management programs to offenders to provide them with pre-release programs, drug abuse rehabilitation, vocational training, and work programs. <br />Probation is a form of punishment for non-violent offenders that allows them to remain in the community under the strict case management of a probation officer. The offender is subject to certain conditions mandated by the court. If these conditions are not met, the criminal maybe incarcerated. The offender and the correctional facilities both benefit from this option because it allows for those who commit minor crimes to receive punishment in the form of the conditions of probation, however because there is no incarceration it is a big relief on the overcrowding issue.<br />Parole is defined as the release of an offender from confinement, based on conditions, and is monitored by a parole officer. If the offender violates the conditions of parole, they are returned to incarceration. This punishment allows the offender to remain in a state of monitoring immediately following their release. It also gives the offender a chance to learn proper coping skills to give them a better chance at becoming a law-abiding citizen.<br />Intermediate sanctions are punishments harsher than probation but less restrictive than being incarcerated in prison. Examples of this include house arrest, electronic monitoring bracelets, and boot camps. They provide harsher punishment than probation, yet are not as restrictive as jail or prison. This allows for some relief on our already overcrowded correctional facilities.<br />Reentry Programs can be defined as programs designed to promote successful reintegration of inmates who have served their time back into society as law-abiding citizens. The DOJ, the OJP, and the departments of Health and Human Services, Labor, and Housing and Urban Development and the Department of Labor sponsor reentry Programs. Recently there is a new focus on Community-Based Corrections in the form of reentry courts. These courts offer a more extensive managing, and therapy of offenders returning to society as early as the sentencing phase. They are a necessary function of the legal system if we are to reduce recidivism.<br />Goals and Effect of Sanctions<br />The goals of the Community Based Correctional Programs are clearly to reintegrate criminals into society as law-abiding citizens by providing training, and help with obtaining necessities such as housing, employment, and health and wellness. Recidivism would be reduced thereby reducing the overcrowding problem correctional facilities face today. Intermediate sanctions are effective punishments to use. House arrest with electronic bracelet monitoring is hard on offenders for example, because they are psychologically in their most comfortable zone; their homes. However, they are confined to their homes for months, and if they leave, their tamper-proof bracelets will alert the police. For some people this is worse than prison.<br />Conclusion<br />With Community Based Correctional programs such as probation, parole, intermediate sanctions, and reentry programs, the government hopes to reduce recidivism by reintegrating criminals into society as law-abiding citizens. These programs provide a pathway to both keep people out of jails and prison while still being punished for their crimes, and helping those who have been incarcerated reintegrate into normal society. <br />References:<br />Bartollas, C. (2002). Invitation to Corrections. Boston. Allyn and Bacon<br />U. S. Department of Justice (n.d.) Learn About Reentry. Retrieved from http//www.reentry.gov/learn.html<br />