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Prisons and Jails Elizabeth Hall Kaplan University Intro to Criminal Justice CJ101 Michael Lewis San Quentin Prison
Table of Contents <ul><ul><li>Prison and Jail Differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prison and Jail Differences II </li><...
Prison and Jail Differences Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary  <ul><ul><li>Prisons are state run institutions </li></ul></u...
Prison and Jail Differences II <ul><ul><li>Prisons: Long term secure confinement facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inm...
Prison and Jail Differences III <ul><ul><li>Jails are local and relatively close to inmate families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Prison and Jail Similarities <ul><ul><li>A lot of prisons and jails are treacherous places to live or work </li></ul></ul>...
Kentucky State Penitentiary Statistics <ul><ul><li>Security Status – Maximum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opened - 1886 </li...
Kentucky State Penitentiary Statistics II <ul><ul><li>White Inmates - 65% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Inmates - 01% <...
<ul><ul><li>Academic School- For inmate student: ranges from literacy to GED diploma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Night Scho...
<ul><ul><li>Drug and alcohol rehabilitation  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex Offender Treatment program </li></ul></ul><ul>...
References <ul><ul><li>Difference between prison and jail. (2009). Retrieved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>from the World Wide We...
Song References <ul><ul><li>Chain Gang by Sam Cooke-AOL Music Player </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Artist: Sam Cooke </li></ul><u...
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  • Before Prison there were workhouses, other forms of cruel punishment. Glad we do not use the rack anymore. Punative punishment came about in the Middle Ages.
  • There seems to be more violence in Prison than Jail. I believe that this is due to the long periods of time that a lot of prison inmates receive, and the ones who have life sentences do not really have much else to lose, so they can freely give in to their violent tendencies.
  • It is harder on the inmates to be farther away from where they live. Many inmates in prisons, never receive a visitor ever. It makes it harder to do your time peacefully. Prison and jail inmates are classified by the severity of their crimes and this classification plays a large part in what type of facility an offender serves time in.
  • The dangers of being in a prison or jail, to work or be incarcerated are numerous, such as being violently raped, stabbed, and or having feces, urine and blood thrown on you by inmates who may or may not be carrying diseases such as HIV or full blown aids.
  • The prisoners may have to pay up to a dollar a day in restitution charges for their stay in a prison, however the taxpayer foots the rest of the $64.80
  • The prisoners in Prison have much more at their disposal to learn, than jail inmates. Rehabilitation for anything beyond drugs and alcohol abuse are not offered at many jails. Prisoners in jail, are for the most part just passing that time away.
  • In prison and in jails as well, inmates have to follow not only the prison rules, but there is a code of conduct among the inmates themselves. These programs can help immensely by teaching inmates how to be a productive member of society.
  • Transcript of "cj101 powerpoint presentation"

    1. 1. Prisons and Jails Elizabeth Hall Kaplan University Intro to Criminal Justice CJ101 Michael Lewis San Quentin Prison
    2. 2. Table of Contents <ul><ul><li>Prison and Jail Differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prison and Jail Differences II </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prison and Jail Differences III </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prison and Jail Similarities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kentucky State Penitentiary Statistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kentucky State Penitentiary Statistics II </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kentucky State Penitentiary Statistics III </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kentucky State Penitentiary Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kentucky State Penitentiary Programs II </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>References </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Song References </li></ul></ul>Kentucky - Fayette County Jail
    3. 3. Prison and Jail Differences Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary <ul><ul><li>Prisons are state run institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jails are county run institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jail inmates usually awaiting sentencing, or have sentences less than 365 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prison Inmates have already been sentenced, and have sentences longer than 364 days </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Prison and Jail Differences II <ul><ul><li>Prisons: Long term secure confinement facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inmates are already convicted and serving time as punishment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jails: Short term confinement facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inmates are being held following arrest, pending trial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inmates with short sentences, or convicted of minor crimes </li></ul></ul>DC Jail Central Detention Facility
    5. 5. Prison and Jail Differences III <ul><ul><li>Jails are local and relatively close to inmate families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prisons could be very far from the inmate families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are only approximately 100 federal prisons, correctional facilities, and detention centers in the United States, the rest of the prisons and county jails are run by the individual states. </li></ul></ul>Orleans Parish Prison
    6. 6. Prison and Jail Similarities <ul><ul><li>A lot of prisons and jails are treacherous places to live or work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is a great deal of overcrowding in both prisons and jails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New prisons and jails are very costly to construct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are many prisons and jails that need to be updated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The importance of safety measures leaves only modest room for successful treatment programs </li></ul></ul>Kentucky – Federal Medical Center
    7. 7. Kentucky State Penitentiary Statistics <ul><ul><li>Security Status – Maximum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opened - 1886 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inmate capacity – 856 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff - 348 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black Inmates - 34% </li></ul></ul>Kentucky State Penitentiary
    8. 8. Kentucky State Penitentiary Statistics II <ul><ul><li>White Inmates - 65% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Inmates - 01% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual Cost Per Inmate- $23718.59 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily Cost Per Inmate - $64.80 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual Operating Budget -16 Million </li></ul></ul>Kentucky State Penitentiary
    9. 9. <ul><ul><li>Academic School- For inmate student: ranges from literacy to GED diploma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Night School – For inmate student with daytime job responsibilities: ranges from literacy to GED diploma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adult Technical Education – Post Secondary education: Carpentry, Auto Body, and Electrical Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-release Program – Intended for inmates nearing release date to help them reintegrate them back into society and assist them with finding services to help them become responsible members of society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accredited by American Correctional Association </li></ul></ul>Kentucky State Penitentiary Programs Justice
    10. 10. <ul><ul><li>Drug and alcohol rehabilitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex Offender Treatment program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moral Recognition Therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual Counseling- available through prison psychologist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inmate Self Help Organizations :AA/NA, NAACP, and Protective Custody Substance Abuse Club </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inmate Self Help Programs :Garment Plant, Bag Plant Operation, foodservice, landscaping, legal aide, janitorial, and other opportunities for employment within the prison </li></ul></ul>Kentucky State Penitentiary Programs II The Cell Structure
    11. 11. References <ul><ul><li>Difference between prison and jail. (2009). Retrieved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>from the World Wide Web September 28,2009. </li></ul><ul><li>www.criminal-law-lawyer-source.com/terms/jail- </li></ul><ul><li>prison-difference.html Copyright © 2009 Criminal </li></ul><ul><li>Law Lawyers Source/Website and Legal Marketing developed by ejustice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schmallinger, F. (1991). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Twenty-First Century, Ninth Edition. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education Inc. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kentucky Department of Corrections Kentucky State Penitentiary. (2006). Retrieved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>from the World Wide Web September 27 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>www.corrections.ky.gov/ksp Copyright © 2009 Commonwealth of Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>All rights reserved.© 2009 Commonwealth of Kentucky </li></ul>Sing Sing Federal Prison
    12. 12. Song References <ul><ul><li>Chain Gang by Sam Cooke-AOL Music Player </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Artist: Sam Cooke </li></ul><ul><li>Album Title: The Best of Sam Cooke </li></ul><ul><li>Year: 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>Track Number: 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Duration: 0:02:43 </li></ul><ul><li>Bit Rate: 223kbps </li></ul><ul><li>Protected: No </li></ul><ul><li>Size: 4.39 MB </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I Fought the Law by Bobby Fuller- AOL Music Player </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Artist: Bobby Fuller Four </li></ul><ul><li>Album Title: Battlefield Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Year: 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Track Number: 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Duration: 0:02:21 </li></ul><ul><li>Bit Rate: 128kbps </li></ul><ul><li>Protected: No </li></ul><ul><li>Size: 2.18 MB </li></ul>Kentucky – Fayette County Jail Overhead
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