Members want safe and healthy communities in which to live, smart energy solutions to combat global warming, and an enduring legacy for America’s wild places
--- CLICK ON BULLET POINTS TO SEE CITATIONS --- CLICK AGAIN TO MAKE THEM DISAPPEAR --- A destabilized climate could mean hotter temperatures and droughts in one part of the world, and bigger floods in another. Icecaps in Antarctic and Greenland are beginning to break apart, and if they were to melt it would raise sea level by dozens of meters, potentially in our lifetime. So we could grow up to live in a totally different world. It’s not just the environment that would be affected, but millions of people.
And finally, the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change, the biggest group of scientists ever to study a single issue, believes we have to get serious about reducing carbon emissions within the next decade, or effects of global warming may become irreversible. By 2050, we’ll need to reduce carbon emissions by 80% from where they are today.
To learn more about the dangers of climate change, you should go see Al Gore’s movie, An Inconvenient Truth. But in the face of this, here’s the most important thing to remember: we have the solutions to this problem and they will not only protect our climate. They will reduce our dependence on oil, making our country safer, and create new jobs producing clean energy technology. We’ll have cleaner air, and consumers and institutions can save money by going farther with less energy, resulting in lower energy bills.
Step back for a moment, and consider this: There are a lot of problems in our world, but global warming is possibly the greatest challenge our generation will face. As I’ll explain, we also see the solutions to global warming as an enormous opportunity to create a safer, fairer world.
Beyond Coal to Clean Energy
2012 Update:From Dairyland to Cashton and Valley to Waxdale Elizabeth Ward Conservation Programs Coordinator Sierra Club-John Muir Chapter (608) 256-0565 Wisconsin.sierraclub.org Elizabeth.email@example.com
Founded in 1892 by John Muir, Sierra Clubis the oldest, largest, and most influentialgrassroots environmental organization inthe United States.1.4 million members & supportersMission: To explore, enjoy, and protect thewild places of the earth; to practice andpromote the responsible use of the earthsecosystems and resources; to educate andenlist humanity to protect and restore thequality of the natural and humanenvironment; and to use all lawful means tocarry out these objectives.We use grassroots activism, public education,lobbying and litigation to protect naturalresources.
Formed in 1963, we are the statewide branch of the Sierra Club in WisconsinWe follow the footsteps of legendary Wisconsin conservationists: John Muir,Aldo Leopold, Sigurd Olson and Gaylord Nelson. Executive Committee of 16 Volunteer Leaders that determines priorities andpositionsThree Paid Staff: Director Shahla Werner, Coordinator Jacinda Tessmann,Program Coordinator Elizabeth Ward)Priority Issue Teams: Water Sentinels, Beyond Coal to Clean Energy, BeyondOil (coming soon!)15,000 members, and 3 special activity sections: River Touring Section, InnerCity Outings and Sierra Student Coalition7 volunteer-led local groups around the state
2013 Priority Issues adopted by the Executive Committee after state-wide membership survey and analysis by Conservation Committee:1.Beyond Coal to Clean Energy: Continue retiring/transitioningWisconsin’s dirty coal plants while ramping up clean, renewable energy inWisconsin2.Beyond Oil: Opposing carbon-intensive forms of oil, such as tar sands,while supporting reducing our dependence through transit and othertransportation options, bicycling, and walking3.Water Protection: Protecting Wisconsin’s water resources throughGreat Lakes protection, water conservation, and statewide water monitoringand policies4.Unique Habitat Protection: Protecting Wisconsin’s unique habitatsby protecting our statewide mining safeguards, fighting for state-wide frac-sandmining regulations, and forest protection.
Mercury, Soot, Smog, Ozone Pollution Why is coal so bad?Coal Ash Mining: Strip mining and mountaintop removal mining
Why coal? Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Electric Sector (2009) Petroleum Biomass/Other 2% 1% Natural Gas 17% Coal 81%Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration; March 2012 Monthly Energy Review, Table 12.6
*Climate Change Means: More Intense, More Frequent, and*Higher temperatures Longer Lasting Heat Waves in the 21st Century. Gerald A. Meehl and Claudia Tebaldi. Science 13 August 2004.• Longer droughts “Drought Could Double By End of Century, Met Office Hadley Centre research shows.” Eleanor Burke. Journal of Hydrometeorology, forthcoming.• Hotter oceans Penetration of Human-Induced Warming into the Worlds Oceans. Tim Barnett, et al. Science 8 July 2005.• Melting ice caps Threatened Loss of Greenland Ice-Sheet. Jonathan Gregory, et al. Nature 8 April 2004.• Rapid sea level rise Paleoclimatic Evidence for Future Ice- Sheet Instability and Rapid Sea-Level Rise. Jonathan Overpeck, et al. Science 24 March 2006.
“We have at most ten years—not ten years to decide upon action, butten years to alter fundamentally the trajectory of globalgreenhouse emissions.If instead we follow an energy-intensive path of squeezing liquid fuelsfrom tar sands, shale oil, and heavy oil, and do so without capturingand sequestering CO2 emissions, climate disasters will becomeunavoidable.” - James Hansen, Director NASA Goddard Institute for Space Science The New York Review of Books, July 13, 2006
*But this challenge is also an opportunity.* Clean energy reduces carbon, makes our country safer* A stronger clean energy economy* Cleaner air and healthier communities* Efficiency saves money
Dairyland Settlement: •Retire Alma Coal Plant •Scrub Genoa Coal Plant •$2 million on solar •$2.5 million solar on schools and energy efficiency •$500,000 to restoring our forests and parks Valley Coal Plant: •We Energies announced it would convert to natural gasAlliant: •Eliminate it would retire 47% ofAnnounced positions, not people •Projectit’s fleet: completed by 2016 •Eliminate (Sheboygan)-1 smog,•Edgewater or reduce soot,Unit heavy metals, mercury, and thermal pollution•Nelson Dewey (Cassville)- both •Reduce greenhouse gas amounts by at least 40%units •Run Columbia•Scrub75% less?
Discussion“One of the number one reasons kids go to the emergency room inthe city of Chicago is asthma-related . . . We are paying a healthcare cost in the city because of that plant.” - Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel “Coal is of the past.” - Washington Governor Christine Gregoire “Coal is a self-inflicted public health risk, polluting the air we breathe, adding mercury to our water, and the leading cause of climate disruption.” - New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg
• Easiest, most cost-effective, least invasive solution• Being smarter about how we use energy• Changing light-bulbs, insulating home, caulking windows, efficient appliances• In WI, a 2% reduction/year could mean 14 million metric tons of CO2 reduction by 2020• Energy Efficiency could replace 25-27% of energy emissions by 2030 (Tackling Climate Change in U.S.)
• Photovoltaic (PV)- converts sunlight to electricity• Concentrated Solar Power (CSP)- sunlight boils water and turns turbines• Wisconsin: 13 MW installed Solar • Germany: 7.5 GW installed solar capacity
2011-2012:• Wind turns blades, which •4 cancelled problems from spin a shaft connected to business uncertainty a generator, and makes •S.C. Johnson Waxdale Project electricity. • 15% of electricity used at Waxdale facility• 2011: Wisconsin had 469 mw installed [IA- 5,000 •Cashton Community Wind Farm • First community wind farm in WI mw; IL-2,743 mw; MN- • Village of Cashton, Organic 2,518 mw] Valley, & Gundersen Lutheran• 103,757 mw (10.4 GW) •Proposed projects: • Forest County, Ozaukee County potential [AWEA]
Transmission Lines Population centerssurround the Great Lakes
How do we get Offshore Wind? Turbine Installation Shipping and staging at Deep water portsManufacture and Shipping of Turbines- *size requires this to occur near site Foundation Installation
Current Offshore Wind Projects Current U.S. Projects at Various Stages• Europe has been using offshore wind for 20 years • First project installed in Denmark in 1991 • Currently, 4,000 MW of capacity • 5,200 MW more in various stages • Goal of 150 GW by 2030• Asia: • 233 MW already installed • China goal: 1 GW by 2014 • South Korea has world record investment- $8.2 Billion • Japan aims to take the lead in the sector • Companies leading the way • Mitsubishi, Fuji, Toshiba, Hyundai, Samsung
Haven’t we destroyed the lake enough?What does this mean for the fish? figureThese are all things we need to try toWhat about fish study, but it benefits us toout and seriously spawning?-Europe towards solving these concerns work has actually seen some benefits so that we can have Great Lakes Wind. We need toWhat does this mean for birds and bats?-Sierrainto helped fund a monitor that will help us figureof put Club perspective what our other forms outwhich bird/batto Lake Michigan…. energy do species are in the LakeWhat could this lead to?