Research Strategies
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A sample lesson in Information Literacy and college-level research strategies, designed for a fictional community college. Created and presented to 9443: The Academic Library. Fall 2013.

A sample lesson in Information Literacy and college-level research strategies, designed for a fictional community college. Created and presented to 9443: The Academic Library. Fall 2013.

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  • 1. Research Strategies Fenton Valley College Intro. To College Research November 5, 2013 Eliot Boden Image credit Clker user MrChicken
  • 2. Information Literacy Recap “Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and effectively use the needed information.”*  Determine the extent of information needed  Access the needed information effectively and efficiently  Evaluate information and its sources critically  Incorporate selected information into one’s knowledge base  Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose  Understand the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information, and access and use information ethically and legally * Association of College and Research Libraries. “Information Literacy Competency Standards.” Chicago: American Library Association, 2000. http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency. Web. 12 Nov 2013.
  • 3. Today’s Objective Standard 2: The information literate student accesses needed information effectively and efficiently. The information literate student… Selects the most appropriate investigative methods or information retrieval systems for accessing the needed information. Constructs and implements effectively designed search strategies. Retrieves information online or in person using a variety of methods. * Association of College and Research Libraries. “Information Literacy Competency Standards.” Chicago: American Library Association, 2000. http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency. Web. 12 Nov 2013.
  • 4. http://vimeo.com/13186317
  • 5. Scholarly Communication Users Apply information to research Teach information literacy to students Write articles and submit them for peer-review Libraries Purchase, organize, and give access to resources Package content and sell access rights to libraries Publishers Create books, journals, electronic databases
  • 6. How Many Keywords?  Most databases do not understand human language    Google’s natural-language search is not perfect Must break down question into small pieces Keywords (Thesaurus)  3-4 is just the right amount 1. State your topic as a question “Where have dinosaur bones been found?” 2. Extract the main concepts from the question dinosaur, bones, location 3. Brainstorm a list of synonyms and related terms fossil, skeleton, triceratops [a dinosaur], Colorado [a location] 4. Voila! You have your keywords! Book image credit deviantart user narutolove1477 Dinosaurs image credit Wikipedia user Mariana Ruiz Villareal
  • 7. Group Activity! Immigration Global Warm in g Independe nce movemen ts Piracy ~7 minutes. In groups of 3-4, brainstorm keywords for one of the topics above. Image credit Flickr user lumaxart
  • 8. Search Techniques Useful in the catalog and online databases. Computers do not understand human language  Operators help a computer think Boolean? What?  AND, OR, NOT – narrow or broaden search  NEAR, BEFORE, AFTER – sets order of terms Wildcards  Expand the range of your search  * - searches the root word “soci*” will find social, society, sociology  ! – for alternate spellings “wom!n” will find woman and women Playing Cards image credit Wikipedia user atchius George Boole image credit Wikipedia user Haks
  • 9. See you Next Time! DON’T FORGET! The Research Plan is due Tuesday, November 12 at the start of class.
  • 10. Research Strategies Continued… Fenton Valley College Intro. To College Research November 12, 2013 Eliot Boden image credit deviantart user MegLyman
  • 11. Today’s Objective: Standard 2: The information literate student accesses needed information effectively and efficiently. The information literate student… Retrieves information online or in person using a variety of methods. Refines the search strategy if necessary. Extracts, records, and manages the information and its sources.
  • 12. How to Use Call Numbers  Library of Congress (LC)   In alphabetical, then numerical order   Books grouped by subject Great for browsing! Here's a sample call number, with an explanation for each line:  QA - letter line, describes general subject area; alphabetical order  152.3 - number line, narrows subject area; numerical order  .L37 - cutter line, usually specifies author or key word(s) from title; alphabetical then decimal order  2008 - year of publication, numerical order Image credit Flickr user CCAC North Library
  • 13. Using Interlibrary Loan  Fenton Valley has 40,000 titles  MOBIUS has 25 million books   ~3-4 days to arrive   Request with your student ID Use the catalog to renew Articles   Image credit Flickr user Brian Gaid Citations in library databases Full-Text must be available in electronic format to request  Usually 5-7 days to arrive  Link will appear in your email
  • 14. Group Activity! ~ 5 minutes. In groups of 2-3, use the MOBIUS catalog to find books and answer the questions provided on the worksheet. Image credit Flickr user lumaxart
  • 15. Group Activity! ~5 minutes. In groups of 2-3, use Academic Search Premier to find articles and answer the questions provided on the worksheet. Image credit Flickr user lumaxart
  • 16. How to Cite Sources  Why Cite?  Appear more credible to your readers.  Display engagement with your sources.  Show respect to authors.  Modem Language Association (MLA)  Helpful Resources    MLA Handbook 7th ed. Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab) Hanging Indent!  Format > Paragraph > Indentation: Special (drop-down menu) Image credit Flickr user pricejaj
  • 17. http://vimeo.com/13016416
  • 18. Thanks for Participating! DON’T FORGET! The Modified Annotated Bibliography is due Tuesday, November 19.