Young Foundation: Housing as a Tool for Future Communities


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Young Foundation: Housing as a Tool for Future Communities

  1. 1. The Young Foundation: Our work on sustainable communitiesSlide 1 The Young Foundation 2011
  2. 2. About the Young Foundation• Named after Lord Michael Young, “the world‟s most successful entrepreneur of social enterprises” and co-author of the UK Labour party‟s 1945 election manifesto• Michael Young started over 60 successful ventures and organisations including the Open University, NHS Direct and Which? Magazine.• He also researched the lives of families and communities in London‟s East End, putting ethnography at the heart: observing what people do as much as listening to what they say• We have a 55-year track record in innovation in areas including health, education, ageing, communities, and support for families.Slide 2 The Young Foundation 2011
  3. 3. 55 years of achievementMichael Young, the worlds most successful entrepreneur of social enterprises,’ forof his role in creating over 60 new organisations worldwide, Professor Daniel Bell,Harvard University Founded by THEN NOW Michael Young vehicle for social research and action and enterprise. Through which he created over 60 organisations and 1997 27 June 1977 published hundreds of reports and books on Michael Young 1 Feb 1954 social justice, equality, creates the Mutual and policy. Aid Centre to assist citizens in taking control over their lives Sept 1969 April 2005 Michael Young’s vision for the first University in the air opens with the aim of widening access to higher education Named after Michael Young and formed through the merger of his two organisations, Family and The Institute for Community Studies and kinship in East Mutual Aid Centre. London. First April 1990 published in 1957, Michael Young left a remarkable legacy of this vivid and ideas and institutions which had an enormous touching picture of impact on the day-to-day lives of the millions of family life in the Initially covering just four languages, Language people who use them and on how we think East End of the Line was first set up to enable communication about our society. 1950s is one of the between patients and staff at the Royal London great pioneering Hospital in East London. The local police on Over the next 50 years the Young Foundation, works of modern the Isle of Dogs then requested 24 hours a day as a centre for social innovation and sociology. coverage in 16 languages. entrepreneurship, hopes to have an equally profound impact. Language Line Services’ Telephone Michael created Interpreting and Translation Services grew the Consumers’ rapidly throughout the 1990s, and the company Association, the Oct 1957 is now part of the largest Interpreting company precursor to worldwide providing 170 languages. Which? To help consumers tackle the issues that matter to them
  4. 4. The Young Foundation todayOur work falls into five areas:• Research – emerging social needs and how to innovate to meet them• Practical innovation – testing new ideas, often working with local government or third sector agencies• Advising governments – on supporting innovation and social entrepreneurship• Social ventures – supporting and spinning out start-ups• And a growing number of international programmesSlide 4 The Young Foundation 2011
  5. 5. Future Cities, Future CommunitiesSlide 6 The Young Foundation 2011
  6. 6. •An international partnership between the Young Foundation, localauthorities, government agencies and housing providers•Exploring practical ways that new cities, towns and communities cansucceed as communities where people want to live•Build a practical understanding of what can be done to encourage thefactors that promote the idea of community, social networks,engagement, belonging and long term stewardship•Drawing on the best of what is known, and what is being explored, inthe UK and internationally• Now developing into independent venture „Social Life‟Slide 7 The Young Foundation 2011
  7. 7. What is a community?The mainstream view• Governance• Social and Cultural• Housing & the built environment• Economy• Environmental• Services• Transport & ConnectivitySource: Egan Review: skills for sustainable communities, 2004
  8. 8. Our starting point: an alternative view• Physical boundaries to promote geographical identity• Rules and laws specific to the area, e.g. car free areas• Local myths & stories• Visible leadership• Strong social relationships, networks & bonds• Rituals and rhythms• Possibly shared belief system, e.g. garden cities, new towns, eco-cities
  9. 9. “Social sustainability is largely neglectedin mainstream sustainability debates …”Manzi et al, Social Sustainability in Urban Areas: Communities, Connectivity and the Urban Fabric, 2010Slide 10 The Young Foundation 2011
  10. 10. Slide 11 The Young Foundation 2011
  11. 11. Our partners• Homes and Communities Agency• Local Government Improvement & Development• Barking Riverside, Barking & Dagenham, East London• Lozells & Handsworth, Birmingham• Buckingham Park, Aylesbury Vale• Peabody Trust (Whitecross Street & Lillie Road estates, London)• Malmö Stadt, Sweden• Insititute of Sustainability• A2Dominion housing association, Eco-BicesterSlide 12 The Young Foundation 2011
  12. 12. Our completed workSlide 13 The Young Foundation 2011
  13. 13. Barking Riverside, East London – a large scale regeneration scheme that willhouse 26,000 people over the next 10 years Slide 14 The Young Foundation 2011
  14. 14. BarkingThe Young Foundation East London Slide 15 Riverside, 2011
  15. 15. Testing new framework for designing in social sustainability Slide 16 The Young Foundation 2011Buckingham Park, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire
  16. 16. Wired neighbourhoods: exploring local social media and building social capital, Slide 17 The Young Foundation 2011Whitecross Street estate, London. Peabody Trust
  17. 17. Birmingham CC: Viewing lessons learnt from Community Land Trusts & seeing if it will work as a model for Birmingham. Lozells and HandsworthExploring role for community land trusts to create local housing and build socialcapital The Young Foundation 2011 Slide 18Lozells and Handsworth, Birmingham
  18. 18. Malmö,The Young Foundation 2011 Slide 19 Sweden
  19. 19. Framing Malmö‟s innovation story Data/studies on social need Learn from success of environmentalExternal inspiration, social design sustainability programmesprinciples, co-design solutionswith participants Consensus about need for new approach 1 Prompts Disengaged communities, poor education, high Malmo is 2 Proposals levels of disadvantage famous for innovative 6 Systemic sustainable design, but 3 Prototypes change also for urban problems 4 Sustaining 5 Scaling Slide 20 The Young Foundation 2011
  20. 20. A framework for social sustainabilitySlide 21 The Young Foundation 2011
  21. 21. Published in November 2011, this report sets out how to plan, design and develop successful and socially sustainable new communities. The ideas and case studies are drawn from a large scale review of evidence about what helps communities flourish, with practical examples and approaches from new settlements around the world. “The recommendations of this report are bound to have a salience that its authors can never have imagined.” Sir Peter HallSlide 22 The Young Foundation 2011
  22. 22. Amenities and Social Infrastructure Amenities AND support services in place early in life of new community – emphasis on schools, social spaces, transport & community workers Social and Cultural Life Shared spaces, collective activities and social architecture to foster local networks, belonging and community identityFigure 1: Illustration of Design for Social Sustainability Framework, Young Foundation, 2011
  23. 23. 1. Social infrastructure• Need for services and support, not just buildings• Early provision is crucial• Lack of social infrastructure affects community wellbeing• Identity and reputationSlide 24 The Young Foundation 2011
  24. 24. 2. Social and cultural life • Community identity & belonging • Tolerance, respect, engagement • Pro-social behaviour • Good design supporting social lifeSlide 25 The Young Foundation 2011
  25. 25. 3. Voice & influence• Influence in the planning stage• Participatory decision making• (e.g. neighbourhood planning)• Community-driven stewardship• Formal and informal governance• structuresSlide 26 The Young Foundation 2011
  26. 26. 4. Space to grow• New communities evolve slowly as social networks develop & populations age & shift• Master-planning needs to be flexible and adaptable• Informal spaces & temporary uses• Local engagement & governance structures also need time to developSlide 27 The Young Foundation 2011
  27. 27. Current workSlide 28 The Young Foundation 2011
  28. 28. Collaboration with A2 Dominion:Eco BicesterBetween January – March 2012 Social Life at the Young Foundation will deliver:• 2 Action learning workshops for the stakeholders of Eco Bicester• Asset mapping relevant neighbourhoods and networks in BicesterThis work forms the basis of what we hope is a wider collaboration in thesuccessful delivery of Eco Bicester in future phases.The aim is to shape the thinking and planning in the early stages of the exemplarphase, specifically, setting up the right structures to engage future residents,understanding the future population, ensuring there is scope for influence onlocal infrastructure, grounding the plans for the local managementorganisation in information about future residents; and sharing best practice.Slide 29 The Young Foundation 2011
  29. 29. Institute of Sustainability• „Total Community Retrofit‟ in Poplar• Initial scoping of community facilities, dynamics• Plan to feed into more comprehensive future map to inform behaviour change and technology/ infrastructure planningSlide 30 The Young Foundation 2011
  30. 30. Wellbeing in PoplarSlide 32 The Young Foundation 2011
  31. 31. Resilience in PoplarSlide 33 The Young Foundation 2011
  32. 32. Social Life is the Young Foundations newestindependent social enterprise supportinginnovation in place-making launching in 2012.Social Life will work in the UK andinternationally to provide a new space forrethinking the practice and politics ofcreating new communities to meet thepressing challenges of urbanisation including Social Life is partnering with A2climate change and ageing societies. Dominion (on Eco Bicester), Institute for SustainabilityUndertaking research and practical work with (neighbourhood demonstrator projectsprofessionals and agencies on the ground, the in East London), and with Cisco tonew organisation aims to enable social draw on its experience in technology, innovation and urban development todesigners to cross boundaries between the create a sustainable cities programme.different professions involved in creating newplaces.