Next Generation Disability in Sport


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This presentation discusses the voice of the next generation of leaders in the realm of athletes with disabilities in sport at all levels, and highlights an emerging view toward expecting inclusion and equality.

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  • Here is a definition of social justice
  • A reflection to consider – how does the social justice framework of “separate is not equal” apply to the symbolic relationship between Olympics and Paralympics? We have seen its application in terms of race and gender, how does it apply in the case of disability?
  • In 2008 Jacques Rogge made this comment about the Olympic rings.
  • As we consider the symbols and symbolic relationship between the Olympics and Paralympics, a reflection to consider – what would be the societal response to establishing a Femalympics for women? What if there were separate symbols for the Famalympics? What if women were called Femalympians?
  • What can the Olympics and Paralympics learn from the FIFA model? Would two games, one movement be an appropriate approach? Perhaps this can further integrate the Paralympics and Olympics at a symbolic level and to also bring value to the distinct games.
  • Next Generation Disability in Sport

    1. 1. Next Generation Disability in Sport: Finding Our Voice andExpecting Inclusion and Equality Eli A. Wolff Sport & Development Project Brown University Inclusive Sports Initiative Institute for Human Centered Design
    2. 2. I Am Light why should i hide in darkness when i ambrilliant and beautiful why cant i triumph or struggle in public? why cant i laugh or cry for all to see? i am me i am light
    4. 4. "I define a leader as someone whostands up for justice and does not block its path." - Lapchick, 2009
    5. 5. Social Justice"The goal of social justice is full and equal participation of all groups in a society that is mutually shaped to meet their needs. Social justice includes a vision of society that is equitable and all members are physically and psychologically safe and secure.” - Adams, Bell & Griffin, 2007
    6. 6. Separate is not Equal
    7. 7. 2006 United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with DisabilitiesTo promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity
    8. 8. Paradigm ShiftThe Convention marks a ‘paradigm shift’ in attitudes andapproaches to persons with disabilities.Persons with disabilities are not viewed as "objects" ofcharity, medical treatment and social protection; ratheras "subjects" with rights, who are capable of claimingthose rights and making decisions for their lives based ontheir free and informed consent as well as being activemembers of society.The Convention gives universal recognition to the dignityof persons with disabilities.
    9. 9. Article 30.5 – The Right to Sport for All Persons with Disabilities“The sport, recreation and playdomain, far from being trivial, isessential for fully realizing thehuman rights promise.” -Hubbard (2004)
    10. 10. CRPD Mantra“Nothing About Us Without Us”
    11. 11. Universal Design“Universal Design is a framework for the design ofplaces, things, information, communication and policyto be usable by the widest range of people operating inthe widest range of situations without special orseparate design.”“Most simply, Universal Design is human-centereddesign of everything with everyone in mind.” - IHCD, 2012
    12. 12. Universal Design• Built environment (indoors and outdoors)• Information environment (print materials, way-finding/navigation and signs)• Communication environment (telephone, web and multi-media)
    13. 13. Universal Design• Policy environment (evidence of policies that impact equality of experience)• Attitudinal environment (staff or administrative behavior or beliefs)
    14. 14. Inclusion“Inclusion is the final stage of integration of people with disabilities in a sport competition or organization, in which they are involved, accepted and respected at all levels of the competition or organization.” - Nixon, 2007
    15. 15. Organizational ContinuumRacism, Sexism, Ableism & HeterosexismFrom Monocultural To Multicultural EC LSI T CM TAD VDExclusive Organization Inclusive Organization• Exclusive Club (EC) • Critical Mass (CM)• Lip Service to Inclusion (LSI) • Tolerating/Accepting• Tokenism (T) Diversity (TAD) • Valuing Diversity (VD)
    16. 16. Critical Change Factors Model (CCFM)F1) Change/occurrence of major societal event(s) affecting public opinion toward ID group.F2) Change in laws, government and court action in changing public policies toward ID group.F3) Change in level of influence of high profile ID group role models on public opinion.F4) Change in the level and nature of mainstream mass media portrayal of ID group.F5) Change in the critical mass of ID group athletes attaining high athletic achievement.
    17. 17. Critical Change Factors Model (CCFM)F6) Change in attitudes of key leaders in power elites who actas catalysts for breakthroughs.F7) Change in perceived or real economic value of ID group asassets to the ruling power elites.F8) Change in beliefs about the medical & intellectual stereotypes of ID group.F9) Change in hiring practices toward ID group related to managerial and leadership roles.F 10) Change in use of strategic processes by power elites to effectgreater integration. - Fay, 1999
    18. 18. Olympism“Any form of discrimination with regard to a country or a person on grounds of race, religion, politics, gender or otherwise is incompatible with belonging to the Olympic Movement.” - Principles of Olympism, Olympic Charter
    19. 19. Olympic Rings“It belongs to everyone… It’s one of the most striking and important symbols…It’s an expression of universality and brotherhood of the world.” - Rogge, 2008
    20. 20. FemalympicsFemalympians
    21. 21. FIFA Model
    22. 22. #onemovement
    23. 23. “R-word” campaign
    24. 24. Josh Duek
    25. 25. “Sport doesn’t care”
    26. 26. “Call me maybe”
    27. 27. “Rollaball” - Ghana
    28. 28. By raising awareness through worldwide media, global educational programmes, advocacy, and communityprojects, One Billion Strong leads a global initiative to strengthen disability rights.
    29. 29. "Disability is not a brave struggle or courage in the face of adversity’ .... Disability is an art. Its an ingenious way to live.“ - Marcus, 2011
    30. 30. Next Generation Disability in Sport: Finding Our Voice andExpecting Inclusion and Equality Eli A. Wolff Sport & Development Project Brown University Inclusive Sports Initiative Institute for Human Centered Design