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PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUSPresent perfect vs. continuous UNIT 2 NEW ENGLISH FILE INTERMEDIATE B1
ContentsTimeline explaining present perfect continuous versus present perfect.( slide 3)Video link+ links to exercises.( slides 4-6)Explanation: (slides 7-15)
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS This tense is used to talk about an action or actions that started in the past and continued until recently or that continue into the future ( connection to the present) 2 main meanings:PAST NOW FUTUREI---1 h-----2 h-----3h-------4h-I Unfinished actions- present perfect continuous I’ve been painting the house for 4 hours ( emphasis on duration: it took me 4 hours) I’ve been decorating the house this summer ( emphasis on action: decorating) Completed actions- present perfect I’ve painted the house blue ( RESULT: it’s blue---I’ve finished painting) finished
WATCH THIS VIDEO EXPLANATION OF THE PRESENT PERFECT AND CONTINUOUSListen to an interview about a musician //www.youtube.com/watch?v=s1-XMTx5fikThanks to Jennifer ESL. NOW DO SOME EXERCISES AND THE TESTS. Exercises on Present Perfect Simple and Present Perfect Progressive Result or duration: Exercise 1 http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepersim-preperpro/exercises Certain verbs:Exercise 3 http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepersim-preperpro/exercises?ex03 Completion or duration: Exercise 4- http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepersim-preperpro/exercises?ex04
EXERCISES Result or side effect: Exercise 6 http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepersim-preperpro/exercises?ex06 Mixed Exercises: Exercise 10, http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepersim- preperpro/exercises?ex10 Exercise 11 http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepersim-preperpro/exercises?ex11
Do these tests online and check your answers.TEST 1:http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram- up/grammar/prepersim-preperpro/tests?test1TEST 2:http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram- up/grammar/prepersim-preperpro/tests?test2
REFERS TO: ACTION THAT HAS FINISHED BUT YOU CAN STILL SEE THE EVIDENCEOh, the kitchen is a mess. Who has been cooking?You look tired. Have you been sleeping properly?Ive got a stiff neck. Ive been working too long on computer.A: You look exhausted. What have you been doing?B: I’ve been sightseeing in the town. I’ve been walking all afternoon.
REFERS TO: AN ACTION THAT HAS NOT FINISHED Ive been learning Spanish for 20 years and I still dont know very much. Ive been waiting for him for 30 minutes and he still hasnt arrived. Hes been telling me about it for days. I wish he would stop.
REFERS TO: A SERIES OF ACTIONS Shes been writing to her regularly for a couple of years. Hes been phoning me all week for an answer. The university has been sending students here for over twenty years to do work experience.
ACTIONS THAT ARE STILL HAPPENINGHow long have you been living here? For 3 months.How long have you been working in your company? Since I was 25 years old.
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS AND TEMPORAL PHRASESThe present perfect continuous is often used with since, for, all week, for days, lately, recently, over the last few months. Ive been wanting to do that for ten years. You havent been getting good results over the last few months. They havent been working all week. Theyre on strike He hasnt been talking to me for weeks. Weve been working hard on it for ages. Ive been looking at other options recently. Hes been working here since 2001.
WHERE’S THE FOCUS?UNFINISHED ACTION VS. FINISHED RESULT1. The focus is on the ACTION – decorating – and the action is unfinished.I’ve been decorating the bedroom all morning.2. The focus is on the FINISHED RESULT. The activity is finished but we can see the result now.I’ve decorated the bedroom this morning.
Result / Completion of action or duration? WHAT/ HOW MUCH/HOW MANY? VS. HOW LONG? In many cases, both forms are correct, but there is often a difference inmeaning:We use the Present Perfect Simple to emphasise the result.We use the Present Perfect Progressive to emphasise the duration orcontinuous course of an action.RESULT:(What/How many) I have written 5 letters. / I have been toLondon twice.I have done my homework. (Meaning: My homework is completed now.)DURATION(how long)I have been writing for an hour.I have been doing my homework ( Meaning: That’s how I have spent mytime. It does not matter whether the actino is completed or not.)
CONTINUOUS TENSES AND NON-ACTIONVERBSCertain verbsThe following verbs are usually only used in Present Perfect Simple (not in the progressive form).state: be, have (for possession only) Example: We have been on holiday for two weeks.senses: feel, hear, see, smell, taste, touch Example: He has touched the painting.brain work: believe, know, think, understand Example: I have known him for 3 years EXCEPTION: Work and live can be used with both tenses
SPEAKING: frequently used questionsHow long have you been learning English? For ------years. ( For + period of time) Since + year, month,etc. ( Since+ point in time)What have you been doing? The kitchen is a mess!Hi. You look exhausted…What have you been doing? I‘ve been working in the garden
ResourcesAdapted from:http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/grammar- reference/present-perfect-simple-and-present- perfect-continuoushttp://www.ego4u.com/en/cram- up/grammar/prepersim-preperproThanks to: The New English File intermediate