Creativity_ михай чиксенмихай

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Creativity_ михай чиксенмихай

  1. 1. How Creativity is Created Moscow June 25, 2012Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Ph.D. Quality of Life Research Center Claremont Graduate University Claremont, CA COPYRIGHT © 2004 BY MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
  2. 2. 1. Small “c” or private creativity, which enriches one’s life without necessarily being recognized2. Big “C” or public creativity, which changes the way a culture sees the world, understands how it works, or goes about living. ©Csikszentmihalyi 2004
  3. 3. • Is rare• Is socially valued• Is pursued to completion ©Csikszentmihalyi 2004
  4. 4. 1.General Model Culture Tra Inf nsm C F orm its ts D at i lec B E on Se Domains A E B C Genetics & Fields PersonsSociety Environment A A Produces C B Novelty
  5. 5. 2.The Organization Organizational Tr an sm Culture d itte cte d le Se Knowledge Procedure Traditions Individual Labor Management PoolMarket Worker Novelty
  6. 6. 3.The Person Le Domain a rn i n tio ng ten Re Knowledge Cognition Standards MotivationField Expectations Innovation Personality
  7. 7. DESCRIPTION OF HOW IT FEELS WHEN WRITING POETRY GOES WELL “Youre right in the work, youlose your sense of time, youre completely enraptured, youre completely caught up in what youre doing…. theres no future or past, its just an extended present in which youre making meaning…” Poet Mark Strand, 1991
  8. 8. DESCRIPTION OF HOW IT FEELS WHEN DOING RESEARCH GOES WELL “To go into a dark room and look through the microscope and see these glowing objects which may be moving around or may be stationary, and in different colors – its a video game, if you will. Its just beautiful…I can sit in front of a microscope for three or four Cell biologist hours at a time, just looking at theJoseph G. Gall (1991) material and analyzing it….I can be very disconcerting to other people in the degree to which I can concentrate on something and not pay too much attention to whats going on around me.”
  9. 9. Recent work on the Neuropsychology of Creativity:• Bengsten, S.L., Csikszentmihalyi,M. and Fredrik Ullen. (2007) Regions involved in the generation of musical structures during improvisation in pianists. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19:5, pp. 1-13..
  10. 10. Personality Characteristics Of Creative Individuals “Complexity”1. Great energy, vitality, “bounce” ---- Ability to rest, sleep at will.2. Smartness, convergent thinking ---- Naiveté, childishness, divergent thinking.3. Playfulness, openness to experience ---- Discipline, responsibility.4. Imagination, fantasy ---- Reality oriented.5. Extroverted, sociable ---- Introverted, solitary.6. Ambitious, proud, competitive ---- Humble, selfless, cooperative.7. Sensitive, feminine ---- Adventurous, masculine.8. Traditional, conservative ---- Rebellious, iconoclastic.

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