A2 PHOTOGRAPHY ESA 2013Inside, Outside, In Between
I spent 20 minutes thinking of all the words linked to these key areas and the theme word: INSIDE, OUTSIDE, IN BETWEEN –my list is:Inside: private, secret, interior, confined, within, feelings, hiding, incarcerated, limited, hidden, obscure. Outside: alien, apart from, extreme,outdoor, foreign, distant, skin, surface, top, superficial. In between: middle, mediate, transition, centre, entwineACTIVITY: in pairs complete the chart – be creative and imaginative – write down anything you think ofGenres & photographic First response: my thoughts and ideas for direction of my projectelementspeople Skin: creases and folds, marks from outside pressure (shoes / watches / belts) Inside the mouth: teeth, tongues, piercings, stains, food and chewing – drinking – eating – straws - Clothing – outdoor &/or indoor – slippers/boots/sandals – putting shoes on in different locations Clothes spilling out of wardrobes Children playing dress up (sally mann)locations The beach: huts, water, in between the pier struts or boards The contrast of Shops and marketplace Architecture and structures – Charles Sheeler / Scott Speck Home / work Underpasses and bridges: Through doorways and windows – outside or in Into cupboards – Under stairs – in boxes - Automobiles: busses / cars / bikes : view from / into / throughNature Woods and natural shelter Through undergrowth Natural spaces between buildings Space and texture in landscapesObjects Using gels / filters & frames Piercings Inside drawers: organised and disorganised Things spilling out Objects stacked inside each other Shells and seed heads flowerstechnique Macro Experiments with depth of field and changing focus Looking through reflective surfaces Creating natural/constructed frames that are included in shot Photoshop effects / layers / filters & gels.Imagination / abstract Challenging perspective: Escher / Kahlo Exploring feelings emotions and dreams: Kahlo / man ray / DaliReaction, viewpoints & Fearsmessage Emotions Dreams Alienation / loneliness / Migration / immigration Growing old / older teenagers / babies “7 stages of man” Pagan concept og “Mother: Maiden: Crone”
Let’s look at some art to gain inspiration, so thatYOU can come up with YOUR OWN ideas …
Steve McCurrySteve McCurry is a photo-journalist. His images of children around the world areoften haunting – these young humans seem to gaze accusingly at us in our wealthyWestern world and we are left guiltily reflecting on our own situations.
Olivia Parker often produces intricate still life photographs of natural objects. The apparent simplicity of her technique acts to emphasise the complexity of these natural forms – the hard shell which had at one time contained the soft living creature, the feather which once adorned the a bird’s exterior.Olivia Parker, Whelks (from "Lost Objectsportfolio), 1980
Damian Hurst, The Virgin Mother,2005, painted bronze sculpture
Dianne Arbus is known forher photographs of thoseon the ‘fringe’ or edge ofconventional society:transvestites, circusperformers, dwarves andso on. These people oftenlived within society andyet were simultaneously aset apart.
Photographer Yousuf Karshexplained that whenphotographing WinstonChurchill, he grabbed thecigar away from Winston andthen immediately took thepicture, producing a portraitwhich better representedthe steely determination ofthe man in his expression.The resultant portrait was farmore effective in telling usabout the real ‘inside’Churchill. Winston Churchill was often pictured smiling with a cigar in his hand or mouth.
Lewis Morley, self portrait Mainly known for his work from the 1950’s and 60’s, photographer Lewis Morley often used dramatic lighting to help reveal something hidden or inside the person being photographed
Photographer Arnold Newman would oftenemploy backgrounds in his portraits which helpedtell the story about the subject.Newman said that he didn’t like the “cold studioportrait” but instead wanted to show his subjectsin their surroundings.Quoted from the Palm Beach Post, 2006
Barbara Hepworth, Family Of Man, 1970, group of site specific* bronze sculptures.*Site specific sculptures are when the artwork is created for a specific location, whichcould be outside (as in the case of Hepworth’s Family Of Man) or inside, or perhapseven inbetween.
Louise Bourgeoise, Maman(Giant Spider), inside and outsideTate Modern 2000 & 2007
Howard HodgkinNotice how the frame becomespart of the image rather thanexisting as a simple border toindictate the edge of the image.Frames & Borders See:http://www.tes.co.uk/teaching-resource/Borders-and-Frames-6087988/
A recurrent theme in the work of American artist Edward Hopper is therepresentation of both the inside and outside world in his paintings, perhapsalluding to something about the relationship between our ‘interior’ and‘exterior’ lives & emotions.
Robert Doisneau was a French photographer now famous for his street photography. Here we see a Parisian lady drinking. She is neither inside or outside, rather she is in that area so loved by tourists even today where one can benefit from the service inside and yet simultaneously enjoy ‘people watching’ outside.Robert Doisneau
Ana Mendieta, from the series Silueta, 1976The silueta (silhouette) was a series of artwoks made by Ana Mendieta in which sheleft an ‘imprint’ of her body in snow, mud, sand, grass etc. These were transientephemeral artworks, at their creation a performance piece, then recordedphotographically.
Artist Richard Long is known for his Land-Art,often photographing tracks made by repeateduse, or arranging natural materials within thelandscape and then photographing them (seealso the artist Andy Goldsworthy).
Rieneka Dijkra established her reputation with a series of photographs made of young people aged at that difficult time between childhood and adulthood which all humans must traverse.Rieneka Dijkra
Marilyn Monroe was a famous ‘Sex Symbol’ actress in the 1950’s and 60s.Photographer Eve Arnold captured Marilyn relaxing off-set (times outside normalfilming) during the filming of The Misfits (Dir. John Huston, released 1961),Eve Arnold has managed to catch something of the fragility and vulnerability of thiscelebrity who would eventually commit suicide (or be murdered by the Americansecret service if you believe the conspiracy theories).
Lee Friedlander documentedAmercian life in the 1960’s and70’s. Many of his photographsinclude or were taken frominside that iconic symbol ofAmerican industry, energy andfreedom – the automobile.
The landscape photographyof Michael Kenna is clearlyproduced ‘outside’ in thecountryside, yet hisminimalist style is perhapsmore reminiscent ofdreamlike or halfremembered landscapes.In a sense then, theselandscapes could be aboutthe human experience ofencountering a landscape,the subconscious – ourhidden mental interior.
Artist Man Ray was part of the Surrealistmovement. One of the goals ofSurrealism was to visually represent theunconscious - our internal dreams,desires and fantasies.
Distortion, as in these photographs by AndreKertesz can mediate – it can come betweenreality and what is presented, completelychanging our viewing experience. In a sense,distortion can take the viewer outside theirnormal experience and into an imaginary world.
The French impressionist painter Edward Degas is best known for his paintings of ballet dancers and race horses. Yet Degas often chose not to paint during the performance or the race. Rather, he chose those moments of practice or quiet reflection before or after the performance – outside that time when the main action takes place.Edward Degas
Many photo journalists and photographers also prefer to record an event after (or before) it has taken place (outside the ‘normal’ time when the subject might ‘expect’ to be photographed). This might at first seem odd but can actually produce very powerful artworks as here in Bruce Davidson’s Clown & Circus Tent.Bruce Davidson, Clown & Circus Tent, 1958
David Seymour (Chim)This image was clearly NOT photographed during the battle andyet still remains a powerful and shocking image.
How would it feel like to be an immigrant – a foreigner in a strange land – an ‘outsider’? In this famous photograph Alfred Stieglitz records immigrants arriving travelling to America on board the Kaiser Wilhelm II in 1907, escaping the poverty and oncoming turbulence which would escalate into a world war.Alfred Stieglitz, The Steerage, 1907
The work of Hungarian Andre Kerteszdemonstrates sublime compositionalskills, with shapes within shapes (shapesspaces, shadows & tone inside shapes &spaces).
Shoot through a transparent or semi-transparent surface such as glass with condensation or rain drops, or even a shower curtain as in the film Psycho. The surface is between the distant subject and the camera. Images like this can obscure or hide the subject behind the surface, creating a mysterious, dreamlike or scary effect.Scene from Psycho, Dir. Alfred Hitchcock
Reflections Reflections can distort reality, they can also act as an ‘in between’ the subject and the image.
Use FiltersFilters placed between the camera lens andthe subject can radically enhance or alterthe visual appearance or feel/mood of animage.Similarly a gel filter between light sourceand subject will alter the colour of the light.
Sometimes it is what is left OUTSIDE the image that is that is important. This is usually determined by the photographer’s viewpoint & chosen crop. In this image by Weegee, we see inside the image children and two adults, with a multitude of different expressions and emotions. It is the dead, gunned downArthur H Fellig (Weegee), Their first murder, c.1941 body that is left outside of the image which the children and two adults view.
The theme ‘Inside, Outside, In Between’ can be interpreted in manydifferent ways.Here are just a few thoughts and ideas to help inspire you:• Outside - forests, the beach, the countryside, moors, mountain passes, highways, tracks, arches, urban landscape, architectural exteriors, the universe – stars & galaxies, aliens,• Outside – alienation, loneliness, exclusion, foreigners (outsiders),• Outside – skin, clothing, raincoats, hats, boots, shoes• Bringing the outside ‘in’ – binoculars, telescopes, microscopes, looking out through a window or doorway, greenhouses, tubing, pipes• Bringing the inside ‘out’ - looking in through a window or doorway, X rays, ducts, conduits• Inside - tunnels, underpasses, subways, arches, Diving, swimming under-water, birth• Inside - cupboards, wardrobes, drawers, boxes• Inside – emotions, fears, dreams, imagination, love• Inside – operations, piercings, tatoos, drugs, syringes• In between - asexuality, apathy, inaction, puberty, pregnancy, birth• In between – thresholds, edges, cliff edges, holes, caves, tunnels, underpasses, pedestrian crossings, bridges, mediation• In between – filters, gels, post production Photoshop effects, windows, masks