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Herm7 wnt lett
 

Herm7 wnt lett

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A presentation summarizing the principles of interpretation of NT letters, based on "Grasping God's Word" 3rd edition. It includes additional information such as doing a mechanical layout.

A presentation summarizing the principles of interpretation of NT letters, based on "Grasping God's Word" 3rd edition. It includes additional information such as doing a mechanical layout.

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  • The above chart lists the letters of the New Testament beneath the name of the person evangelicals generally credit with writing the letter.
  • As you reconstruct the historical context, read the letter carefully collecting bits of information that you can use to reconstruct the situation. Use commentaries and bible dictionaries to supplement your study.
  • Literary Context: In the case of New Testament letters, summarize the main point of the paragraph that comes before and after your passage, then summarize your passage. Next, determine how these paragraphs flow together.
  • Questions given by Jack Kuhatschek in Applying the Bible, which can assist us in locating the theological principle(s) in a passage.
  • 3 Steps to Applying a Theological PrincipleObserve how the theological principle addresses the original situation, making sure to identify key elements.Search for a contemporary situation that contains all the key elements.Make our application specific by creating a real-world scenario.

Herm7 wnt lett Herm7 wnt lett Presentation Transcript

  •  Introduction ◦ As in the ancient world, letters play an important role in our lives today Business Personal Medical Legal
  •  Characteristics of NT letters ◦ Comparable to other ancient letters Paul’s letters are quite long by ancient standards, averaging 2,495 words. (R. Richards) Why did Paul need the extra space? NT includes more informal, personal letters (like Philemon) as well as more formal letters (like Romans)
  • ◦ Authoritative substitutes for the authors personal presence  Substitute for personal presence  Authoritative substitute (Christ’s representatives)◦ Situational – written to address specific situations or problems in the churches  To clarify an issue (Thessalonians)  To address a doctrinal problem (Colossians)  To confront the ethical behavior of readers (James)
  •  Implications of the occasional nature of letters  Never meant to be read as exhaustive dictionaries of doctrine  Provides SOME of the teachings having to do with an issue Galatians – freedom 1 Corinthians – obedience – Reconstruction the original situation that Reading a NT letter is a lot called for the letter in like listening to one end of a phone conversation. the first place
  • ◦ Intended for the Christian community  Meant to be read aloud again and again to the church ―Blessed is the one who reads the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it and take to heart what is written in it, because the time is near.‖ —Revelation 1:3 • Meant to be exchanged with other churches ―After this letter has been read to you, see that it is also read in the church of the Laodiceans and that you in turn read the letter from Laodicea.‖ —Colossians 4:16
  •  Form of NT letters Standard form of a contemporary letter Standard form of a NT letter Date Introduction Writer Recipients Name Greeting Address Body of the letter Greeting, (largest section focusing on the specific situation) Body of the letter Conclusion (a variety Closing & signature of elements normally ending in a grace benediction)
  • Step 1: Grasp the text in their town.  Read the entire letter in one sitting.  Reconstruct the historical context.
  • Reconstructing the historical context Who was the author? What was his background? When did he write? What was the nature of his ministry? What kind of relationship did he have with the audience? Why was he writing? Who was the biblical audience?
  • Reconstructing the historical context What were their circumstances? How was their relationship with God? What about their relationship to the author? each other? What was happening at the time the book was written? Are there any historical-cultural factors that might shed light on the book?
  • Step 1: Grasp the text in their town.  Read the entire letter in one sitting.  Reconstruct the historical context.  Identify the literary context.  Read the text carefully. Observe!!!
  • Step 2: Measure the width of the river to cross.  The river is generally narrow.
  • Step 3: Cross the principlizing bridge.  Does the author state a principle?  Does the broader context reveal a theological principle?  Why was a particular command or instruction given?
  • Step 4: Consult the biblical map.  Make sure the principle you formulate doesn’t contradict a clear teaching found elsewhere in Scripture.
  • Step 5: Grasp the text in our town.  Remember the 3 steps to applying a theological principle from chapter 13.
  •  3 commonly used methods: ◦ Diagramming a passage.  visual representation of the grammatical relationships in a sentence.  Sample diagram ◦ Arcing  Identifies the clauses in a passage/ link clauses with arcs/ determine relationship of one clause to another (purpose, result, etc)  Bible Arc ◦ Mechanical layout 
  •  Independent clauses (complete thoughts) at placed toward the left-hand margin and written on the same line. Dependent clauses (incomplete thoughts) or modifying phrases are placed on the next line under the word they modify or describe. Connectives (coordinating conjunctions) may be placed above the line or joined to the phrases or clauses they join with bracketing lines.
  • •Set your minds on things that are above •Not on things that are on earth •For you have died•And •Your life is hidden with Christ •In God
  •  Helps you think through the relationships within among the various sentences, clauses, etc. Examples (see separate handout)
  • (9) And this I pray, that your love mayabound still more and more in realknowledge and discernment , (10) sothat you may approve the things thatare excellent, in order to be sincereand blameless until the day of Christ;(11) having been filled with the fruitof righteousness which comesthrough Jesus Christ, to the glory andpraise of God.
  • AndThis I pray•That your love may aboud •Still more and more •In real knowledge •And •Discernment•So that you may approve the things that are excellent •In order to be sincere and blameless •Until the day of Christ•Having been filled with the fruit •Of righteousness •Which comes through Jesus Christ •To the glory and praise of God.