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Environmental and social assessment of renewable energy projects


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Renewable Energy projects are often considered as benign. This presentation provides insight to some of the environmental and social issues associated with RE projects. …

Renewable Energy projects are often considered as benign. This presentation provides insight to some of the environmental and social issues associated with RE projects.

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  • 1. Slide 1ByDr. Prasad Modak,Director, Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  • 2. Do we need environmental and socialassessment of RE projects?©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge FoundationSlide 2
  • 3. In EU, there will be 35,000 tonnes of PV waste by 2020PV CYCLE INITIATIVEWhat happens to the End of Life of PV Panels©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation3
  • 4. Wind farms and Birds©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation4Barrier effect – collisionsHabitat separation – degradationNoiseChange in Migratory path, MatingEU directives, Natura 2000 sites (26000 in 27 countries), SitingGuidelines, SEA and EIA
  • 5. Important Bird Areas and work done byBombay Natural History Society©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation5
  • 6. ©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation6Biomass based Projects• Biomass cultivation (water, technology)• Biomass collection (transportation)• Competition (fodder, charcoal)• Ecological change – biodiversity relatedimpacts
  • 7. Indigenous PeoplesCommunity Engagement & InvolvementTraining, Benefit SharingLinking Corporate Social ResponsibilityNew Business Models, Micro-finance©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation7
  • 8.©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation8Land Requirements
  • 9. The report, Anticipated Indirect Land Use Change Associated withExpanded Use of Biofuels and Bioliquids in the EU – An Analysis ofthe National Renewable Energy Action Plans, concludes that between4.1 and 6.9 million hectares of additional land will need to becropped due to the increasing conventional biofuels demand, setout in national plans.This would lead to additional annual emissions of between 27 and 56million tonnes of CO2 between 2011 and 2020, associated with landconversion.In the US, RE Projects coming up on Contaminated Lands, WasteLands©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation9Biofuels and Land Use Impacts
  • 10. ©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation10Solar TowerRecirculating 1900-2800Hybrid 340 - 950Air Cooled 340Parabolic TroughRecirculating 3000Hybrid 380 – 1700Air cooled 300Solar Dish – mirror washing 76Linear FresnelRecirculating 3800Water Requirements Liters/MWHrCoal 1520 -2850
  • 11. ©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation11LivelihoodsImpact of Energy AccessExpanding Financing Envelopes for “downstream”investments – especially in off-grid situations e.g. financenot just wind mill but cold storage facility for the fishermen
  • 12. ©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation12Policy, Regulations and AssessmentRequirementsProject EIA (EA related Governance – e.g. in India MoEF EIANotification)Need for Sustainability Appraisal (Economic, Environmental andSocial)Siting Guidelines – e.g. addressing bird areasPolicies on protecting biodiversity, maintaining buffers, ensuringcommunity interestsAddressing Waste Disposal End of Life
  • 13. ©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation13Incorporating Environmental & SocialConsiderations in Financing
  • 14. Questions / suggestions ?Email,prasad.modak@ekonnect.netURL:©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation