Cities Without Landfills


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Can there be a city with no landfill? Indeed this is a dream to come true. This presentation provides a tool box of strategies that we could consider to move towards this aspiration. There are not many options left - landfills one day will have to be built on the Moon!!

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Cities Without Landfills

  1. 1. Slide 1Cities Without Landfills©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge FoundationByDr. Prasad Modak,Director, Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  2. 2. IntroductionAs cities grow, landfills growMore landfills mean – more consumption, more waste generation,less efficiency in recycling©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  3. 3. Mulund, Mumbai Dumping Ground 2000©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  4. 4. Mulund, Mumbai Dumping Ground 2012©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  5. 5. CAN IT HAPPEN?‘ZERO WASTE’CITY©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  6. 6. Strategies – Taming consumptionTwenty top cities in Indiaaccounted for 60% of the surplusincome.Annual household income growthin these 20 cities averaged at11.2% between 2005-08.Spending gets a 52% boost ashouseholds move into the middleclassRequires major awarenessprogrammes, Life cycleconsiderations, Green PublicProcurementPicture source:©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
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  12. 12. Strategies – Bridging Informal Sector with FormalWaste management in a city has two criticalstakeholders - the formal and the informalsector.High recycling rates - thecollection, sorting, and recycling efforts ofinformal waste pickers1Alliance of Indian Waste Pickers (AIW) is anational network of 35 organizations, wastepickers and/or itinerant buyers in 22 cities.ExNora in Pune, Stree Mukti Sangathana inMumbai, SEWA in Ahemadabad and Chintanin New Delhi….1. Solid Waste Management in Worlds Cities, UN HABITAT, 2010 available at©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  13. 13. HousesOfficesMarketFormalcollection(mixed)Informalsystem(recyclables)DhalaosDustbinsMunicipaltruckLandfillWastepickersSmallKabarisBigkabarisRecyclersThiawalasSWM system - IndiaSource: CHINTAN. "Space for Waste:Planning for the Informal Recycling Sector." NewDelhi, 2003Re-cyclersBigKabarisSmall KabarisThiawalasWaste pickers©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  14. 14. Institutional considerations• Formalizing informal sector – A challengeCan form union and partner with city administration or withCorporate to assist in Extended Producer Responsibility(EPR)• Mumbai waste pickers are involved with ‘Tetra pak’ forsegregation and Coca-cola for shredding PET unitsStrategies – Bridging Informal Sector with Formal©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  15. 15. We need to provide space: Planning considerationsStrategies – Bridging Informal Sector with FormalCategory Norm per1,00,000populationGuidelinesWastepickers215Each waste picker handles 60 kg of waste per day andrequires 60 sq ft of space near the dhalao for segregationOtherworkers90Each worker requires 125 sq ft of space near the kabarigodown for segregation as well as road space fortransportationSmallkabaris63000 sq ft has to be allotted in a shopping centre to eachsmall kabari for segregation and storage of about 1500 kgof waste, and shelter for workers.Thiawalas 33Thiawalas are located near markets and call centres andeach thiawala collects waste from 150 shops andestablishments dailyBig kabaris 1.5The big kabaris need storage space of 60,000 sq ft forroughly 60,000 kg of waste which they collect weekly fromthe small kabarisSource: CHINTAN, Informal-formal: Creating opportunities for the informal waste recycling sector in©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  16. 16. Financial support• CSR and collection vehicles• Micro-finance for recyclingPromoting innovations• R&D centers cross-function as ‘innovation centers’• Prostheses Foundation in Chiang Mai, Thailand usesaluminium ring pulls of beverage canisters containingTitanium to produce prosthetic limbsStrategies – Bridging Informal Sector with FormalSource: Prosthetic Foundation Official Website©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  17. 17. • Get value from waste,• Substitute virgin resources• Create green jobs, with better working conditions for the WastePickers. The waste pickers are provided with uniforms and safetyequipment.• Promote entrepreneurship,• Encourage community as well as Corporate involvement,• Avoid long transportation• Reduce burden to the landfillStrategies – Decentralized Material Recycling Hubs©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  18. 18. Weigh bridgeSortingInert StorageOrganicstorageBio-methanation orCompostingplantsMaterialRecoveryCentreInnovation centreStreetlightsWaste Sorting CentresGardensMethane gas for street lightsand to fuel transport vehiclesProcessed materials for usersCompost to gardensWaste SortingCentreWasteGenerators/Decentralized Integrated Eco-system©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  19. 19. Monitoring and ReportingTargets ExamplesResource efficiency orproductivity1. Japan’s Sound Material Cycle Society Target Resourceproductivity (yen/ metric tonnes) calculated as GDPdivided by amount of natural resources, etc. invested, tobe increased from 210,000 in 1990 to 390,000 in 2010Waste recycling rate 1. Republic of Korea’s Green Growth Target for WasteIncrease in percentage of MSW recycling from 56.3 % in2007 to 61 % in 2012.Waste land filled 1. The EC Landfill Directive Council Directive 1999/31/ECnot later than 16 July 2016, biodegradable municipalwaste going to landfill must be reduced to 35 % of thetotal amount by weight of biodegradable municipalwaste produced in 1995 or the latest year before 1995 forwhich standardized Eurostat data is available.Source: EC 1999, Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan 2008, Ministry ofEnvironment, Republic of Korea 2008, EEA 2010, Lee 2010, Mayor of London 2010/©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  20. 20. Towards Zero Waste …Taming of consumptionGreen Public ProcurementInvolving Children, Youth and Senior Citizens : Bringing inBehavioral changeBridging informal and formal sectorsFollowing a Decentralized and Integrated ApproachPromoting Waste-Resource Business ModelsCommitment and Support of the City Administration©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  21. 21. City with No LandfillsA dream to be true!©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  22. 22. Thank you©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation