Transcript of "The Strategies to Cocoa Sector Revitalization in Ekiti State"
The Strategies to Cocoa Sector Revitalization in Ekiti State (14/10/2011) By Adeogun, S.O. (PhD) University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, NigeriaBrief History of Cocoa in Nigeria Fourteen cocoa producing States:South West:: Oyo, Ondo, Ogun, Osun , Ekiti, Delta and Edo.South South: Cross River,South East: Abia,North Central: Kwara and Kogi,North East: Adamawa and TarabaStrategies for Revitalizing Cocoa in Ekiti State • Cocoa survey to gather baseline information • Conversion of “waste” to “wealth” through value addition • Mainstreaming of FBS into the Ekiti State Extension SystemCocoa survey1. Qualitative approach Qualitative tools such as • Timeline; • Stakeholders analysis; • Community Mapping; • Venn Diagram; and • Pair wise Ranking2. Quantitative approach • Use of questionnaire • Use of Geographical Positioning System (GPS)Objectives of the cocoa surveyDescribe the socioeconomic characteristics of cocoa farmers in Ekiti State;2. Determine the effective cocoa hecterage; 1
3. Identify cocoa farmers’ problems in the state;4. Determine associated crops on cocoa farms; and5. Identify various stakeholders in the sector6. Ascertain farmers’ farming activities in Ekiti State ApproachFarmer Led Participatory Research (FLPR) • Who does what? Farm families • Women and youths (soap production) • Cocoa farmers (animal feed and organic manure production) • Scientist (facilitates or guide farmers during the FLPR)Advantages • Replenishment of depleted soil • Income Generation • Increase space available for cocoa on cocoa farms • CPH is converted into money rather than being sources of inoculums for pests and diseases on the farms. • Job is created for idle youths seeking employment • The State is repositioned among the cocoa producing states in NigeriaMainstreaming of Farmer Business School FBS in Ekiti Extension SystemProblems of cocoa farmers • Nigerian farmers generally lack business skills; • Many cocoa farmers are “mere harvesters” • Very low yield (about average of 350- 450kg/Hectare in Nigeria) • Buyers dictate the price of the commodity • Fragmented and non cohesive cooperatives • No access to inputs • Middlemen’s roleSolutions to identified problems With Farmer Business School: • Need for reorientation of cocoa farmers • Make cocoa farmers see farming as a business and be profit conscious • Build the technical and business skills of cocoa farmers 2
• These predicaments are addressed by the Cocoa Livelihoods Program “CLP” (World • Cocoa Foundation (WCF) initiative in partnership with Bill & Melinda Gates • Foundation & German Ministry of Economic Cooperation) Implemented across Cameroon, Cote d’ Ivoire, Ghana & Nigeria with vision to enhance the livelihoods of 200,000 smallholders. With Nigeria having a vision to transform lives of 27,000 cocoa farm families • FBS States in Nigeria are Ondo, Abia, Edo, Osun and Cross River States • FBS developed for use by farmers of cocoa and associated crops • The curriculum consist of technical and business modules • The modules can be separated and reassembled into commodity specific protocols for other crops and livestockMainstreaming Process • Implementation approach:-FBS is new and must be handled in a structured manner for maximum impact, buy-in and ownership. • For this reason, it is recommended that all cadre of staff should benefit from appreciation courses on the FBS.ConclusionsBenefits of Interventions Farmers • Increased yield/unit area due to better utilization of GAP • Increased size of individual farm holdings -income expansion and food security • Strengthening of producer groups and associations • Margins on bulk sales and bulk purchases and access to better service provider • Increased savings by farmers through opening of new accounts, • Improved nutrition of households, resulting in better health; and • Increased household incomes from diversification of agricultural activities 3
• Government Improvement in Nigerias food security status and internal revenue generation • Job creation for millions of youths and adults with resultant impact on security to lives and property • Improvement in civil service extension delivery systems • Higher volume of produce for Ekiti State value-addition activities and export • Increased foreign exchange earnings • Dividends democracy accessible to Ekiti State Indigene. 4