Ekiti State Solid Minerals Presentation
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Ekiti State Solid Minerals Presentation Ekiti State Solid Minerals Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • FRAMEWORK FOR AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABLE PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION IN SOLID MINERALS IN EKITI STATE By: Ranti Omole Director,
    • Ekiti State, South-West Nigeria,- created 1 st of October 1996 by General Sanni Abacha out of Ondo –State.
    • Geographically, the state is only on upland zone, rising over 250 meters above sea level. It lies on an area underlain by metamorphic rocks, such rocks out-crops exist at Aramoko, Efon-Alaaye, Ikere, Igbara-Odo and Okemesi.
    • Ekiti State - naturally endowed with numerous natural resources and potentially rich in mineral deposits which include granite, kaolin, columbite, charnockite, iron-ore, barite, aquamarine, gemstone, phosphate, limestone to mention a few.
    INTRODUCTION
  • SOLID MINERALS IN EKITI STATE Town Local Govt. Area Type of Mineral Uses Isan-Ekiti Oye Clay, Kaolin Abrasive, Plastics,Ceramics ware, Pharmaceuticals, Textiles, Fertilizers, White tiles, Insulator Wares Pencils. Ijero-Ekiti Ijero Cassiterite, Tin Ore Tin Plating, tin can Production, Alloys Culisoprintins and dying Ijero-Ekiti Ijero Columbite Special Steels, Electronic tube,filaments in rocket and air craft manufacture Orin-Ekiti Ido/Osi Bauxite (Alluminium Ore) Alluminium Production Ijero-Ekiti Ijero Foundry Sand Foundry, Ceramic manufacture of glass ware, ceramic Ikere Ekiti Ikere Charconite Granite Stone cutting and Polishing road aggregate Emure-Ekiti Emure/Ise/Orun Charconite Granite Stone cutting and Polishing road aggregate Ado-Ekiti Ado-Ekiti Charconite Granite Stone cutting and Polishing road aggregate Aramoko-Ekiti Ekiti West Charconite Granite Stone cutting and Polishing road aggregate
  • CURRENT STATE OF EXPLOITATION IN EKITI STATE
    • The current state of mining activity in Ekiti is the same bedeviling the entire mining industry in the country.
    • State of Mining in Ekiti State.
      • Artisanal , Small Scale and Illegal miners
      • Organisations with Legal Exploration Licences
      • Defunct Ire Brick company/ abandoned exploitation of clay .
      • Small scale granite quarries
      • Unallocated mineral deposit blocks.
  • TRIPARTITE RELATIONSHIP STAKEHOLDERS ROLES EXPECTATIONS GOVERNMENT Conducive biz environment, facilitate site entry, conflict resolution Employment, community dev. , taxable income – return on equity. INVESTORS Investment, employment, income, CSR, long term relationship Undisturbed operations, returns on investment, govt. protection security of assets INDIGENES -Peaceful exploitation, security of investment, friendly community Employment, income, ancillary businesses, community development
  • THE FOUR MAIN STRATEGIC PILLARS OF GOOD GOVERNMENTAL POLICY
    • Have Solid Minerals Development Agency backed by Law.
    • Increase global awareness about solid minerals in Ekiti State -Ekiti State Solid Minerals Map on the web . –Nigerian Geological Survey Agency or www.cartographic.com – 2006 Geological & Mineral Map of Ekiti.
    • Take stock of existing exploitation of minerals in the state by artisanal, small scale and illegal miners , with aim to register, organise, control and normalise the mining activities with the Mining Cadastre Office in Abuja and resolution of overlaps with existing Licences and Leases.
    • Take stock of existing Exploration Licences , Quarry and Small Scale Mining Leases in the state – stage of development programs, dormant and lapsed licences by liaising with Ministry, NGSA and Mining Cadastre Office, with the aim to take stock , dialogue , encourage and provide enabling environment to fast track their work programs.
    • Identify unallocated mineral deposit blocks with the aim of encouraging investors to apply and develop some of the solid minerals blocks.
    STRATEGIES / ACTION PLANS.
    • Organization of illegal miners into cooperative societies/associations/ identifiable manageable units -access incentives/training programs /funding - State, FGN , NGOs , DFIDs, etc. >200 SSM Leases already granted e.g. Sokoto Women Miners Cooperative – Gypsum, Irrigwe Women Cooperative Mining Society –Jos,
    • Facilitate, engage, encourage and provide enabling investment environment for the existing exploration license owners to start preliminary survey and commercial exploitation activities in Ekiti State.
    • Stimulate and promote investments and exploration activities through various integrated programmes
      • Ekiti Investment Development Company Ltd
      • Ekiti Chambers of Commerce (Solid Minerals Section)
      • Ekiti Economic Development Summit
      • Interface with various Ekiti Socio/Economic Associations Worldwide
    • Identify and focus on 3 solid minerals that will be immediate attention of the government programs – Granite , Gemstones , Clay etc and ensure value added processing process apart from exploitation.
    • State/Investment unit to run integrated pilot schemes either as venture capital , PPI , or collaborative financing schemes, etc.
    • Research /experiences in Brazil, Ghana, Namibia, etc have shown that small-scale mining projects are key to both rural and economic development of a nation. Therefore Ekiti State must lay key emphasis on developing these groups along with Large Scale Miners/Investors.
    • To organise and regulate . Key issues to look at.
    • Delineate and define mineral potentials suitable for ASM exploitation.
    • Establish and resource a department to focus on ASM activities.
    • Encourage formation of ASM association and societies and assist in obtaining Mining Title Leases from the Mining Cadastre Office.
    • Encourage collaborative partnerships between EL/Large miners and ASMs.
    • Assist in accessing various funds to promote and develop their activities.
    • Extension services /Training / Collaboration with Technical Colleges /Polytechnics and Universities in the State .
    ARTISANAL SMALL SCALE MINING - KEY TO SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
    • Ensure ASM operations are environmentally and technically sound.
    • There should be no conflict between small miners and local communities and no degradation of traditional values.
    • Exploitation should concentrate on products with high recovery values and systematically develop these deposits.
    • There should be continuous operation over a longer period of time. Business management trainings and extension supports.
    • Assist to develop effective marketing system for the ASM
    • Define relevant and consistent HSE practices
    • Establish appropriate and realistic environment protection practices.  
    • In conclusion , given the great importance of the workforce (employment)of ASM in the rural context, the potential for a beneficial contribution of ASM to sustainable development of the state in conjunction with other agro allied and small scale industries will be very high.
  • SOLD MINERAL EXAMPLE - CLAY
    • Below are some of the clay related products available:
      • Bricks
      • Slates
      • Vases
      • Paving, industrial and domestic tiles
      • Industrial and domestic roofing tiles
      • Hand-made clay roof tiles, etc.
  •  
    • BRICK MAKING MACHINE FROM HYDRAFORM AFRICA PTY LTD
    •  
  • FIGURE 4: Typical house and floor tiles made of fired Clay bricks
  • FIGURE 5: Hand-made roof tiles and flower vases made of Clay
    • I n order to create steady and sustainable development in both the small and large scale mining sector, in a way that contributes to rural development and integrated into the formal economy, Ekiti State government needs to develop a consistent policy to support and promote the mining sector.
    • The State Government Policy should meet these objectives:
    • Demand-oriented extension services (legal, organizational, economic and technical) for the sector.
    • Incentive and financial support schemes for legal ASM operations (including equipment leases, assistance in accessing various funds, technical assistances, training, marketing support – buyers credits, etc.)
    • The integration of all relevant government institutions into the sector policy implementation (finance ministry, mining ministry, social issue authorities, provincial and local administration).
    CONCLUSION
    • A transparent and appropriate legal framework.
    • Strict control of compliance with the legal framework and sanctions against infractions.
    • Support and provision of conducive investment environment for large scale private sector miners and protection of investment .
    • IRE EKITI A SOJU WA O.
    • THANK YOU.