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Indigenous skills- nereda white

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  • 1. INDIGENOUS SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
    Evaluating the Recruitment, Training and Retention of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Workforce
    16 September 2011
    Paper presented by Professor Nereda White Australian Catholic University
  • 2. SOME OF THE QUESTIONS WE NEED TO ADDRESS AT THIS FORUM:
    • What are the barriers to Indigenous people getting and keeping jobs?
    • 3. What skills and knowledge do Indigenous people need for successful participation in the workforce?
    • 4. In what ways can employers support Indigenous workers?
    • 5. What are some good case studies that we can learn from?
    • 6. What further research needs to be undertaken on Indigenous employment experiences?
  • INDIGENOUS PARTICIPATION IN THE LABOUR FORCE
    • In 2008, almost 54% of the Indigenous working-age population was employed, compared with 75% of the non‑Indigenous working-age population (Rudd, 2010).
    • 7. Indigenous people in regional areas were more likely to have jobs with lower skill levels than non-Indigenous people, and were much less likely to be self employed (Productivity Commission, 2009).
    • 8. The challenge facing Indigenous Australians when they leave supported employment schemes and move into the mainstream labour market.
    • 9. Indigenous Australians are much more dependent on public or community sector employment than non-Indigenous people and are under-represented in the private sector.
  • CHALLENGES TO EFFECTIVE PARTICIPATION IN THE LABOUR MARKET
    • Low levels of educational attainment, particularly low levels of language, literacy and numeracy especially in remote and very remote areas
    WORKFORCE FUTURES – a National Workforce Development Strategy for Australia (2010) :
    Our objectives are to sustain economic growth, avoid future skills shortages and raise productivity by increasing and deepening the skills of Australia’s workforce. Critical to achieving these will be our ability to lift the rate of workforce participation for those groups of people who are not participating to their full potential, including those who are marginalised due to a lack of skills, particularly the foundation skills of language, literacy and numeracy.
  • 10.
    • High interaction with the crime justice system,
    with a remarkably high rate of arrest among Indigenous youth
    • Lower levels of employment opportunities in rural than in urban areas and in Indigenous communities
    • 11. Labour market discrimination
    • 12. Workplace culture and the level of support for employees
  • PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES:
    • Lack of experience
    • 13. Lack of aspirations to work and role models
    • 14. Lack of confidence
    • 15. Poor interview technique
    • 16. Lack of appropriate workplace communication skills
    • 17. Difference in skill-sets
    • 18. Cultural factors, family and Community obligations
  • INDIGENOUS PARTICIPATION IN THE MINING AND CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES
    • Signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Minerals Council of Australia (MCA) and the Federal Government in June 2005
    • 19. Indigenous participation in the mining/construction industry has increased
    • 20. Indigenous participation has remained marginal despite this growth
    • 21. Relatively high turnover rates for Aboriginal employees and trainees
    • 22. Over-represented in low skilled jobs while under-represented in higher level jobs
    • 23. The challenging situation of having temporary employment and difficult physical access to mine work
  • OTHER BARRIERS INCLUDE:
    • A lack of education and relevant training to work in the mining-construction industries
    • 24. Balancing family and community obligations with the demands of full-time work, especially with the FIFO arrangements
    • 25. Poor work behaviours
    • 26. Poor health or lack of work fitness
    • 27. A lack of exposure to the mainstream workforce
    • 28. Challenge of moving from a welfare to work psychology
    • 29. Housing and accommodation
    • 30. Lack of support from extended family for people entering the mining workforce
  • VET and TAFE
    Education and training plays a critical role in enhancing the potential productivity of the Indigenous workforce.
    Indigenous participation in the VET sector has recently increased remarkably, however
    Indigenous completion rates are low and withdrawal rates are much higher for Indigenous than non-Indigenous students (Mangan & Trendle, 2010).
    High cancellation rates means low progression rates to skilled employment (Alford & James, 2007).
    Indigenous VET students also tend to be enrolled in lower level certificates.
  • 31. INITIATIVES AND STRATEGIES - ADDRESSING THE ISSUES
    • Job Preparation
    • 32. Job Participation
    • 33. Government initiatives
    • 34. Indigenous Employment Program
    • 35. Industry initiatives and partnerships with communities
    • 36. Reconciliation Action Plans
  • FURTHER RESEARCH
    • What is the experience of Indigenous workers in the mining and construction industries like?
    • 37. What are the perceptions and employment aspirations of Indigenous workers for the mining and construction industries?
    • 38. How can the recruitment and retention of Indigenous workers in the mining and construction industries be improved?
    • 39. What are the best practices for the recruitment, participation and retention of Indigenous Trainees/Cadets in the mining and construction industries? How do they work?