Blended Learning Course ware: Introduction to Poetry
Introduction to Poetry
o My Context
o My Puzzle
o Pedagogical Consideration in response to my
o Online platform with Moodle
o Pedagogy in practice with Moodle
o Further thoughts
Mixed ability classroom
Teacher centred classroom environment
Lack of proficiency in productive skills
Non-use integrative technology
How could students be engaged in out of
class activities along with face to face
traditional classroom format that would
facilitate them with opportunities for
collaboration and active learning, generate in
them confidence in language use and enable
them to get individualised feedback?
Response to my puzzle
What is Blended Learning?
Combination of face-to-face teaching and learning
with online teaching and learning “It is a design
approach whereby both face-to-face and online
learning are made better by the presence of each
other” (Garrison & Vaughan, 2008, p.5).
“Thoughtful fusion of face-to-face and online
“Combines the properties and possibilities of both
to go beyond the capabilities of each separately”
Wrapping around F2f activity Wrapping around online activity
This learning theory defines the acquisition of
knowledge as a social process.
Learning is done in a social context with other
Vygotsky, the father of social constructivism,
believed that social interaction was a very
important part of learning. Social constructivism is
based on social interactions of students combined
with their own critical thinking (Vygotsky, 1962,
Social Constructivism (cont.)
Philosophy How to learn Electronic Support
relative to a
tools (e.g. wiki,
Instructional approaches and their consequences for e-learning (Walker & Baets,
The principal tenet of social constructivism is
Beatty (2003, p. 102) defines it “as a process in
which two or more learners need to work together
to achieve a common goal, usually completion of
a task or the answering of a question”.
Collaboration helps the weaker students to
develop through the assistance of able peers.
Vygotsky (1978) calls it ‘the zone of proximal
Formative assessments are assessments that
are used during the learning process. These
assessments can be marked, but the marks
usually do not contribute to the final mark of
It is unlike summative assessments that do
contribute towards the final grade.
Formative Assessment (Cont.)
Cauley & Mcmillan (2010:2) found four reasons why students learn
more through formative assessment:
• Frequent, on-going assessment allows both for fine-tuning of
instruction and student focus on progress.
• Immediate assessment helps ensure meaningful feedback.
• Specific, rather than global, assessments allow students to see
concretely how they can improve.
• Formative assessment is consistent with recent constructivist
theories of learning and motivation.
Online Platform Moodle & Why
Moodle (Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic
Learning Environment) is my preference for the
online platform for my students.
It is a CMS
It is a open source software
A course management system (CMS) is a
Web based software system that is
specifically designed for teaching and
learning. (Morgan, 2003).
“CMS allow non-technical individuals to set
up and maintain a Web site where students
can log in, access course information,
interact, share and teach others” (Rowe,
Open Source Software
Open source software is software “whose
source code is available to the general public
for use and/or modification from the original
design free of charge. It is typically created
as a collaborative effort in which programmers
improve upon the code and share the
changes with the community” (JAHA, 2006).
The design of Moodle is rooted in social
constructivist pedagogy, which emphasizes
interaction between students and the use of
student-generated content as a learning resource’
Open Course Software, cost effective in my
Institutional look ( secure log in, personalisation,
Pedagogy in practice with Moodle
A tour to my
• Digital Literacy
• Teachers become busy 24/7
• University wide Moodle Environment
Beatty, K. (2003). Teaching and researching computer-assisted language learning. Harlow:
Cauley, K. M., & Mcmillan, J. H. 2010. Formative Assessment Techniques To Support
Student Motivation and Achievement. The Clearing House, 83(1), 1-7. [Online], Available:
http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/recordDetail?accno=EJ862818, [2011, March, 11].
Garrison, R., & Vaughan, H. (2008). Blended learning in higher education: Framework,
principles and guidelines. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
JAHA Design (2006). Web Glossary. Retrieved March, 2011, Web site:
KnowMoodle (2006, November 11). What's Moodle?. Retrieved March 18, 2011, from Use
KnowMoodle Website: http://knowmoodle.ca/moodle1.7/mod/resource/view.php?id=742
Morgan, Glenda (2003, May). Faculty use of course management systems. Retrieved March
11, 2011, from ECAR Web site:http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ERS0302/ekf0302.pdf
Rowe, Joe (2005, August 29). Building Educational Web Sites with Moodle. Retrieved March
2011, from TechSoup Web site:
Peter Rich, P. The Current State of Instructional Technology Retrieved March 2011, from
Web site: http://projects.coe.uga.edu/ITFoundations/index.php?title=Present
Vygotsky, L. S. (1962). Thought and language. Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of
Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind and society: The development of higher psychological process.
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Walker, R & Baets, W. 2008. Instructional Design for Class-Based and Computer-Mediated
Learning: Creating the Right Blend for Student-Centered Learning, in Donnelly R. &
McSweeney, F. (eds.). Applied E-Learning and E-Teaching in Higher Education. Hershey:
Information Science Reference.