Australia is anisland, a continentand a country.It’s the smallestcontinent and thebiggest island inthe world.It’s between theIndian and thePacific oceans.
Australia has an area of7.618,000 square Km . It’sbigger than Europe.It has a population about 23millions people.Most people live on the Southand East coast because theinterior of the country is verydry with many deserts.
It’s divided into 6 states: Western Australia South Australia Victoria New South Wales Queensland TasmaniaThere are 2 more territories:- Northern territory (theAustralian Outback).- Australian Capital Territory
The official language isEnglish. The coin is Australian dollar. They drive on the left of theroad.
The tallest mountain isMount Kosciuszko. It’s nearCanberra.The longest river is theMurray. It’s in New SouthWales.
The weatherThe weather in Australia is warmand dry . The warmest months inAustralia happen when we arehaving winter in Europe. Summer is from December toFebruary. Autumn is from March to May. Winter is from June to August. Spring is from September to January and February are the warmest months, June and July are the coldestNovember. months.
The biggest cities are on theSouth East coast because theclimate is more pleasant.State/Territory Capital CityAustralian Capital Territory (ACT) CanberraNew South Wales (NSW) SydneyNorthern Territory (NT) DarwinQueensland (QLD) BrisbaneSouth Australia (SA) AdelaideTasmania (TAS) HobartVictoria (VIC) MelbourneWestern Australia (WA) Perth
They are big birds. They can´t fly. They can run very fast. Their feathers are black.Their neck is long and blue. They´ve got long stronglegs. They have a helmet on theirhead. They live in rainforests. They eat fruits and seeds.
A dingo is a wild dog. IT’sabout 50 cm tall and 120 cmlong. Dingoes live in deserts andforests. They have yellowish hair, asmall head, long legs and along tail. They eat other animals: theyhunt reptiles, mammals andthey even eat insects.
They’re mammals. They live in groups. They live in the warm waters in the North of Australia. They eat sea grass. They are about 3 metres long. They are grey or brown. Their enemies are : sharks, crocodiles, killer whales andhumans
Echidnas live in Australia. The echidna is a special kind ofmammal because it lays eggs. The egg hatches in the pouch. The baby echidna drinks milkfrom its mother`s body and whenits pines are big, it leaves thepouch Echidnas live in forests. Echidnas have spines on itsback. The spines protect the animalfrom enemies: Eagles, Dingoesand the Tasmanian Devil. The echidna hasn`t got teeth.Its got a long sticky tongue tocatch termites and ants.
Emus live in Australia. They are birds but they can´t fly. They have long strong legs andthey can run very fast. They are covered with fluffybrown feathers. They haven´t got feathers on theirnecks. They´ve got small wings. The emu have long legs, withthree large toes, each with a claw. They are omnivorous. They eat:grass, fruits, flowers, seeds andinsects.
Frilled Lizard live in forests inthe north of Australia. They live in trees. They are covered with scales. They open their frill neckwhen they are scared The frill is like an openumbrella. They’ve got strong teeth. They huntinsects, ants, spiders, smallmammals and lizard during theday. They like to be under the sunto warm is body. Their enemies areeagles, owls, big lizards, snakesand dingoes.
They are marsupials. MotherKangaroos have a pouch wherethe babies are for about 4months. Kangaroos have big strong backlegs with long feet. Their frontlegs are small They’ve got a small head, bigstraight ears and a long strong tail They eat grass and small plants Some kangaroos live in hot They can’t walk but theyareas and some live in grasslands can jump . They drink water but they can They can be brown, greygo for long periods of time or red.without drinking
They are not bears. They aremarsupials. They have a pouchwhere the babies stay for a fewmonths after they are born. Koalas have soft, thick grey orbrown fur. On his stomach it’swhite. They have a big nose, smalleyes and big round ears. Theyhaven’t got a tail. They eat leaves of eucaliptustrees.
KOOKABURRAS ARE BIRDS. THEY LIVEIN THE FOREST .THEY HAVE A SHORT, THICK BODY, ABIG HEAD AND A LONG BEAK .THEIR FEATHERS ARE BROWN, BLACKOR WHITE WITH BLUE PATCHES .KOOKABURRAS EAT INSECTS , SMALLSNAKES , LIZARDS , FROGS AND FISH, AS WELL AS EARTHWORMS, CRAYFISH , RODENTS AND SMALLBIRDS .THEY LAY EGGS IN A HOLE IN A TREE.
Platypus are covered with brownfur. They live in lakes in the East ofAustralia. They dig long burrows inthe bank of the lakes. They eat worms and other smallanimals that live in the water. They are specialmammals, because they lay eggs.HABITAT AND DISTRIBUTION Platypus live in freshwaterrivers, creeks and lakes inAustralia, Queensland, Victoria andTasmania.
Tasmanian Devils live inforests in Tasmania. They are marsupials They eat birds, smallanimals, reptiles or deadanimals they find. Their strongjaws bite through bones. They hunt at night. They have dark fur with awhite mark on the chest
They are marsupials. Babies live intheir mothers pouch for 6 months. Wombats dig dens with tunnels.They are nocturnal: They eat plants,grass, roots and shrubs at night andthey stay in their dens in daytime They are about 1 metre long fromnose to tail. Their tail is very short (2 cm) Wombats live in forest andwoodlands on the areas along theEast and South coast of Australia . They’ve got grey or brown fur. They’ve got a big head, a largenose and small ears.
It’s very popular for tourists for itswarm clear waters. They like practisingsnorkelling and scuba-diving.It’s about 2,000 Km long.There are lots of different animals:corals, whales, seaturtles, dugongs, sharks, dolphins, seahorses, and sea birds. There are lots ofdifferent fish, such as the Clown fish.Its main enemies are:-The climate change-Polution-Fishing-Shipping accidents
It’s a large rock formation in the centre of Australia. IT’s oval shaped. IT’s about 350 m high, 2 Km long and 1,5 Km wide. On the walls there are caves with aboriginal paintings. IIt’s sacred to the aboriginal people.IT’s multicoloured. At sunset nad dawn it’sred, during the day it’s brown.There are bats, kangaroos and there aretrees and wild flowers.
It’s the symbol of Sydney. The roofs look like white ship sails orshells. There are many cultural activities: opera, ballet, drama, music anddancing. It contains a concert hall, theatres, cinemas, cafes and restaurants.
It’s in Sydney, near theOpera House. IT’s made of steel. IT’sabout 80 years old. You can climb to the topof the bridge. There are200 steps.
Australias national sport isCricket. Australia won the CricketWorld Cup in 1999 and 2003. Another favorite sport inAustralia is Australian Football. Itis a little bit like soccer and rugby. Rugby and soccer are also verypopular Surf is very popular for youngpeople. There are great waves.The weather is great and the seatemperature is warm "Sun, sand and surf“, the 3 S inAustralian way of life.
Aboriginal peopleused it as a huntingweapon. Today it’s used forsport. It’s made ofwood, bones, plastic … It’s light and curved. It flies back to thethrower.
IT’s a wind musicalinstrument. It’s made ofwood, specially from theeucaliptus trees. IT’s about 1,5 m long.