Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
111103 presentation edwin_hans
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

111103 presentation edwin_hans


Published on



Published in: Design, Travel, Business

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. - Photo by Martijn Stroker -THE LINE OF FIREUsing Rotterdam’s cultural historical heritage as anopportunity for inner city development.Edwin Hans - Complex City Studio - 03-11-2011Edwin Hans (4022890),, The Line of Fire: Using Rotterdam’s cultural historical heritage as an opportunity for inner city development, Msc 3Urbanism Graduation studio (AR3U100), Thesis plan (AR3U012), Theory of Urbanism (AR3U022), Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture, Depart- LOFment of Urbanism, Complex Cities Studio. LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 2. Making a spatial assignment of the Line of Fire, embody-ing Rotterdam’s plans and program on inner city publicspace improvement. LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 3. Overview- I. Context- II. Problem Statement- III. Design Objective- IV. Methodology- V. Theoretical framework LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 4. I. Context- Rotterdam is the second largestcity in The Netherlands.- Rotterdam’s harbour is the Eu-ropean’s biggest port and it is theworld the 3rd busiest harbour. 1. Randstad 2. Rotterdam 3. Rijn-Schelde-delta Source: ‘Rotterdam, Gateway to Europe’ LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 5. To remain the Gateway of Eu- Hamburgrope, Rotterdam has to competewith other harbor cities. Frankfurt(Source: Innercity vision, 2008) no Randstad? LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 6. Randstad competition Rotterdam is severly underperforming on the aspect of qualti- ty (and activity pos- sibilities) within the city in comparison with other cities in the Randstad. In 2006 there was a 73% appriciation of the city centre but in 2010 that already droped to 61% (Source: COS, 2011) LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 7. Rotterdam’s social strategyImproving public space with the ideathat this creates a better living environ-ments so that:- Rotterdam becomes a place fore busi- - Catalyzing effect -ness, providing more workplaces- Higher educated people will stay in Caused by?Rotterdam after graduated- More people want to live in the citycentre- More houses being built, stimulateseconomy and provides housing(Source: COS, 2011) LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 8. Rotterdam’s spatial strategy1. Rotterdam want to re-orientate the city centerto the river de Maas.2. Rotterdam want to become a Dynamic Metro-pole again with much culture and acitivities anda high qualitative public space with a hiearchy ofsquares and boulevards.3. Rotterdam wants to be modern and use tech-nology as a liberating tool.4. Rotterdam continues to aim for mixed-usezones, environment interaction, struggeling forcentrality and contemplating about the relation-ship of the harbour and the city.(Source: Rotterdam Inner City Vision, 2008) LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 9. Rotterdam 1340 Dam city, fisherman’s town Settlement at the river ‘de Rotte’, at the Maas river, around the year 900. RotterdamSchiedam On 7 June 1340 Count Willem IV of Holland granted city rights to Rotterdam. LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 10. Delft Rotterdam 1625 Merchant city Rotterdamse SchieSchiedamse schie Shipping canal, the Rotter- Delfts Havense Schie damse Schie, Rotterdam be- Rotterdam came a local transport hub be- Schiedam tween Holland, Germany and England. Delftse Haven Because Delft did not want to be depending on Rotterdam to much Delftshaven emerged at the River de Maas. LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 11. Rotterdam 1850 Transition city The city expanded beyond its former walls Rotterdam Peat was digged North-East ofSchiedam the city and the railway appeard. Railway LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 12. Rotterdam 1937Dynamic MetropoleSince the construction of theNieuwe Waterweg in 1872, aship cannel connecting Rot-terdam with the Northsea, Rot-terdam accelerated in growthtriggered by the development ofbeing a transport hub within Eu-rope.Rose’s plan for the water ‘sin-gels’ cleaned the city and thecity accumulated wealth andgained recognition as a culturaland international city. LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 13. Rotterdam 1940Wounded cityGermain Air Force bombed thecity centre on 14 May 1940.City architect Witteveen drewup reconstruction plans for theCity. However, these plans nevergot through LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 14. Rotterdam 1965Reconstruction, Functional cityvan Traa’s plan for Rotterdamapproved in 1946, renderingRotterdam’s city centre as amodern city. LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 15. Rotterdam 2010Repairing ciy centerRotterdam as Gateway to Eu-rope LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 16. II. Problem statementSince the bombing of the city cen-tre in 1940, the city centre has beensubject to constant change. 1937There are two spatially differentworlds. The place where these meetis the Line of Fire. The line of fire isthe border of the field of devasta-tion caused by the WOII bombing.The line of fire is the borderline of 1940Rotterdam’s multiple personalities. undamaged damaged damaged damaged damaged damaged damaged damaged 1965 undamaged LOF LINE OF FIRESource: Edwin Hans
  • 17. III. Design objectiveThe project aim is to transgressthe symbolical value of the Lineof Fire and enrich it with spatialvalue.Thus, cultural historical heritagewill be used as an opportunity forinner city development. To From the symbolical meaning of the Line of Fire The Line of Fire as a spatial zone LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 18. Research question for design objective sub questionsHow can the Line of Fire help improv- - How can the Line of Fire be a spatial as-ing the publice space of the Rotterdams signment?city centre, creating a better living envi- - Which municipality’s programs can it en-ronment in the inner city so that Rotter- hance?dam becomes a place to work, stay and - What other programs can it enhance?live? - What is the role of the Line of Fire on the regional and local level in Rotterdam? 5% more dwell- ing from 2010 to 2014. Still 900 needed (Source: Cos, 2011) Local level City level LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 19. AlexanderCity centre shopping area (-2% Shiphol in 30minutes reach by traingrowth) competes with shopping cen-trum Alexander (20.5% growth)(Source: COS, 2011) LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 20. Expected products- A conceptual design for the full extend(12km lenght) of the Line of Fire.- Key interventions along the Line of Fire- Detail design of a public space: Willem-splein and the Zalmhaven LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 21. IV MethodologyCities have always been thesubject of spatial, social andtechnological tests and show-cases. Koolhaas has shownthat Coney Island in New Yorkwas the urban laboratory fordevelopments later happen-ing in Manthattan (Koolhaas,1973). The city is the ultimateurban laboratory. LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 22. Techno-social framework Spatial framework Emerging Digital technologies Context 1. Personal interest 1. Rotterdam with its spatial and 2. Literature studies socio-economic problemsMethodology diagram 3. Research question 2. Problem statement 3. Design objective(simplified version) 4. Hypothesis 4. Research question objective ts Po n ai ss tr ib s on ili tie C s Theory paper Conclusies + strate- Urban Laboratory gies using Monte- Research by design gomery’s City list Hypothesis judgement Concept and strategyMontgomery (1998) Conceptual design all scales Thesis Digital Conceptual design all scales Technologies Rotterdam Line of Fire LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 23. V Theoretical framework Techno-social framework Rotterdam is the spatial Enriched with multi-discipli- framework of place and nary tools and interventions, context, with a set of de- relying not only on pure spa- fined socio-economial and tial strategies and interven- spatial dilemmas tions. - Sociological conditions: the role of the citizen - Technological condi- tions: ubiquitous comput- ing and the possibilities of digital(media)networks. A means, in improving the spatial characteristics of The Line of Fire. LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 24. Research questionCan - digital, media - technologiesenhance the experience of publicspace and can this be intertwinedwith spatial solutions? Hypothesis Yes they can! Sub Research question How? LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 25. What is public space?!3 Notions- Public domain: exchange between people andexperience of ‘otherness’ (Sennett, Whyte)- Public realm: Social space, social organiza-tions between people (Lefebvre)- Public sphere: Political space and the role ofthe citizen (Arendt, Habermas) LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 26. The 1960s -Adaptability/Flexibility -Human-Human interaction and Human(s)-City interaction - The creative, creating, human being - Temporality with permanent effect - Flaneur LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 27. WikiCity - Senseable City Lab, MIT, Cambridge“How can a city perform as an open-source real-time sytem?” LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 28. The Urban Medium: theoretical Framework Citizen collaborationbeing a citizenproduction of social spacepolitical actioncity feedback mechanism Media embedded spaces Ubiquitous computing Sensor networks Inscribing street-scapes with data (hyperlinking) city games city as an interface reality-city.jpg Digital city consciousness mobile maps GIS city image city transparency city imageability data visuals LOF LINE OF FIRE NYTMappingAmerica1.png Edwin Hans
  • 29. Assignment: - Spatial quality - Dwellings - 24h activities - Water orientation - Harbour relationshipMontgomery (1998) LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans
  • 30. The Line of Fire Using Rotterdam’s cultural his- torical heritage as an opportu- nity for inner city development. The Urban Medium: Towards a critical change in urban experience LOF LINE OF FIRE Edwin Hans