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Earth-shattering Earthquakes       by    Group 3
What is an earthquake?   The text describes an earthquake as    something that happens “when two    blocks of earth sudde...
Graphic #1: Diagram
   Graphic #1 shows layers of the    Earth.   This diagram shows that the    hypocenter of an earthquake is    below the...
What causes earthquakes andwhere do they happen?   This section explains that there are four    layers of the Earth, whic...
Graphic #2: Diagram
   Graphic #2 shows the four layers of the    Earth.   This diagram helps the reader understand    that these layers are...
Why does the earth shake whenthere is an earthquake?   When the edges of two faults are stuck,    energy is stored up.  ...
Graphic #3: Map
   Graphic #3 shows the different    plates on the Earth.   This map helps the reader    understand that some of the pla...
What I would add:   I would add photographs of what it    looks like when an earthquake    happens.   I would even add p...
Source: “The Science of Earthquakes.” US Geological Survey. 27 Oct.   2009. Web. 22 Mar. 2012.
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Earth shattering earthquakes

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Transcript of "Earth shattering earthquakes"

  1. 1. Earth-shattering Earthquakes by Group 3
  2. 2. What is an earthquake? The text describes an earthquake as something that happens “when two blocks of earth suddenly slip past one another.” A fault is where this happens. The hypocenter is where the earthquake begins. The epicenter is the spot above the hypocenter.
  3. 3. Graphic #1: Diagram
  4. 4.  Graphic #1 shows layers of the Earth. This diagram shows that the hypocenter of an earthquake is below the surface of the Earth. It also shows that one “block” of earth might shift higher than another “block” of earth.
  5. 5. What causes earthquakes andwhere do they happen? This section explains that there are four layers of the Earth, which include the inner core, the outer core, the mantle, and the crust. The surface of the Earth is not just one large piece—“it is made up of many pieces like a puzzle.” The puzzle pieces are tectonic plates. Sometimes, plates get stuck. When they become “unstuck,” there is an earthquake.
  6. 6. Graphic #2: Diagram
  7. 7.  Graphic #2 shows the four layers of the Earth. This diagram helps the reader understand that these layers are not all the same size. It also shows the distance in km of each layer. The lithosphere is the smallest layer. The core, including the inner core and outer core, is larger than the mantle.
  8. 8. Why does the earth shake whenthere is an earthquake? When the edges of two faults are stuck, energy is stored up. When the two faults move, the stored energy comes out in waves. These seismic waves come “outward from the fault in all directions.” The text says these waves are “like ripples on a pond.” Then, these waves are what shake the Earth during an earthquake.
  9. 9. Graphic #3: Map
  10. 10.  Graphic #3 shows the different plates on the Earth. This map helps the reader understand that some of the plates are larger than continents. Also, some of the plates have more than one continent on them. It also shows that the oceans are on top of the plates.
  11. 11. What I would add: I would add photographs of what it looks like when an earthquake happens. I would even add photos of how earthquakes affect buildings and people’s homes.
  12. 12. Source: “The Science of Earthquakes.” US Geological Survey. 27 Oct. 2009. Web. 22 Mar. 2012.

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