NGINXTHE WEB SERVER YOU MIGHT ACTUALLY LIKE
ABOUT MESoftware EngineerPHP since 10 yearsCICleanCodeDevOpsTDDShippingBullet points
INSTEAD OF ME
WORKING FOR            gives science back to the people who make it happen.We help researchers build reputation and accele...
LETS GO
WHY ANOTHER WEBSERVER?
WHY NOT LIGHTTPD?
THE BASICSIntroMultiple Servers / DomainsStatic contentCachingSSLError pagesRewritesAuthLoad BalancingProxyPHP!Fancy PHP!
INTROsd atgtisalnix uo p-e ntl gn/t/gn/gn.of ecnixnixcn/t/gn/ofd*cn ecnixcn./.of
NGINX CONF BASICS/t/gn/gn.of ecnixnixcnue nix sr gn;wre_rcse 4 okrpoess ;wre_p_fiiy00 01 00 10; okrcuafnt 01 00 10 00errlg...
NGINX CONF BASICS/t/gn/gn.of ecnixnixcnht { tp   icue    nld    /t/gn/ietps            ecnixmm.ye;   dfuttp apiainottsra; ...
SERVERS/t/gn/ofdmSt.of ecnixcn./yiecn/t/gn/ie-nbe/alah ecnixstsealdwlbssre { evr  sre_aewlbs.o wlbs.e   evrnm alahcm alahd...
STATIC CONTENT/t/gn/ofdayofgcn ecnixcn./nCni.ofsre { evr  / ..   / .    lcto /{     oain    }}
FANCY STATIC CONTENTIsd Sre Bok nie evr lcslcto ~^/j|m|s|onod)/{ oain  (sigcsdwlas}lcto ~(scspggfjgpf${ oain  .j|s|n|i|p|d)}
CACHINGlcto ~^/j|m|s)/{ oain  (sigcs  eprs1d   xie 4;}
DENY ACCESS TO ALL .DOT-FILESIsd Sre Bok nie evr lcslcto ~/.{ oain    acs_o of   ceslg f;  lgntfudof   o_o_on f;  dn al   ...
SSLsre { evr  sre_ae_   evrnm  ;  lse 43   itn 4;  slo;   s n}                      Or justsre { evr  lse 43dfutsre sl   i...
SSL - CONFIGslcriiae s_etfct     wlcr.r;             idadctslcriiaeky s_etfct_e   wlcr.e;             idadkyslssintmot 5; ...
ERROR PAGESerrpg 5051525354/0.tl ro_ae 0 0 0 0 0 50hm;lcto /0.tl{ oain 50hm  itra;   nenl}                 STARTUP BONUS:s...
REWRITES              HTTPS ALL THE THINGSsre { evr  sre_ae _   evrnm   ;  lse   itn    8;           0  rwie^hts/$otrqetui...
AUTHlcto /{ oain  at_ai "etitd;   uhbsc Rsrce"  at_ai_srfl /t/gn/ofdmAphpsw;   uhbscue_ie ecnixcn./yp.tasd}
LOAD BALANCINGusra wbwres{ ptem e_okr  sre ww.xml.o;   evr w1eapecm  sre ww.xml.o;   evr w2eapecm  sre ww.xml.o;   evr w3e...
LOAD BALANCING LEGACYusra wbwres{ ptem e_okr  i_ah   phs;  sre ww.xml.o;   evr w1eapecm  sre ww.xml.o;   evr w2eapecm  sre...
PROXYlcto /{ oain  poyps   rx_as    ht:/oahs:00            tp/lclot88;  poysthae   rx_e_edr XRa-P $eoead;            -elI ...
PHP!
PHP-FPM!?!FastCGI Process Manager
PROCESS MANAGEMENT FOR THE MASSES       Think: "supervisord"; But without caringsd atgtisalpp-p uo p-e ntl h5fm/t/h5fmppfm...
FPM-CONFIG[yp] mAplse =90 itn 00;itnalwdcins=17001 lse.loe_let  2...ue =pp sr  hgop=pp ru   hrqettriaetmot=1 eus_emnt_ieu ...
FPM-CONFIG - PROCESS MANAGEMENTp =dnmc m  yaip.a_hlrn=5 mmxcide  0p.tr_evr =5 msatsresp.i_pr_evr =5 mmnsaesresp.a_pr_evr =...
NGINX + PHPlcto /{ oain  fscips   atg_as   1700.:00            2..1190;  fsciidx   atg_ne   idxpp            ne.h;  fscipr...
APPLICATION SERVERS!lcto /{ oain  fscips   atg_as   aoteSre:00            nnhrevr90;  fsciidx   atg_ne   idxpp            ...
SCALING!lcto /{ oain  fscips   atg_as   wres            okr;  fsciidx   atg_ne   idxpp            ne.h;  fsciprm   atg_aa ...
THANKS HELGI!@hFurther reading:
THANK YOU
Nginx & php fpm - the webserver you might actually like - php usergroup berlin
Nginx & php fpm - the webserver you might actually like - php usergroup berlin
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Nginx & php fpm - the webserver you might actually like - php usergroup berlin

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Slides from the talk given at the Berlin PHP Usergroup 2012.11.06

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Nginx & php fpm - the webserver you might actually like - php usergroup berlin

  1. 1. NGINXTHE WEB SERVER YOU MIGHT ACTUALLY LIKE
  2. 2. ABOUT MESoftware EngineerPHP since 10 yearsCICleanCodeDevOpsTDDShippingBullet points
  3. 3. INSTEAD OF ME
  4. 4. WORKING FOR gives science back to the people who make it happen.We help researchers build reputation and accelerate scientific progress. On their terms.
  5. 5. LETS GO
  6. 6. WHY ANOTHER WEBSERVER?
  7. 7. WHY NOT LIGHTTPD?
  8. 8. THE BASICSIntroMultiple Servers / DomainsStatic contentCachingSSLError pagesRewritesAuthLoad BalancingProxyPHP!Fancy PHP!
  9. 9. INTROsd atgtisalnix uo p-e ntl gn/t/gn/gn.of ecnixnixcn/t/gn/ofd*cn ecnixcn./.of
  10. 10. NGINX CONF BASICS/t/gn/gn.of ecnixnixcnue nix sr gn;wre_rcse 4 okrpoess ;wre_p_fiiy00 01 00 10; okrcuafnt 01 00 10 00errlg /a/o/gn/ro.o wr; ro_o vrlgnixerrlg anpd i /a/u/gn.i; vrrnnixpdeet { vns wre_oncin okrcnetos 12; 04}
  11. 11. NGINX CONF BASICS/t/gn/gn.of ecnixnixcnht { tp icue nld /t/gn/ietps ecnixmm.ye; dfuttp apiainottsra; eal_ye plcto/ce-tem acs_o /a/o/gn/ceslg mi; ceslg vrlgnixacs.o an snfl edie o; n keaietmot 6; eplv_ieu 5 icue/t/gn/ofd*cn; nld ecnixcn./.of}
  12. 12. SERVERS/t/gn/ofdmSt.of ecnixcn./yiecn/t/gn/ie-nbe/alah ecnixstsealdwlbssre { evr sre_aewlbs.o wlbs.e evrnm alahcm alahd; lse 8; itn 0 ro /a/w/yp/tl ot vrwwmAphm/ / .. / .}sre { evr sre_ae_ evrnm ; lse 8; itn 0 ro /a/w/yteAphm/ ot vrwwmOhrp/tl}
  13. 13. STATIC CONTENT/t/gn/ofdayofgcn ecnixcn./nCni.ofsre { evr / .. / . lcto /{ oain }}
  14. 14. FANCY STATIC CONTENTIsd Sre Bok nie evr lcslcto ~^/j|m|s|onod)/{ oain (sigcsdwlas}lcto ~(scspggfjgpf${ oain .j|s|n|i|p|d)}
  15. 15. CACHINGlcto ~^/j|m|s)/{ oain (sigcs eprs1d xie 4;}
  16. 16. DENY ACCESS TO ALL .DOT-FILESIsd Sre Bok nie evr lcslcto ~/.{ oain acs_o of ceslg f; lgntfudof o_o_on f; dn al ey l;}
  17. 17. SSLsre { evr sre_ae_ evrnm ; lse 43 itn 4; slo; s n} Or justsre { evr lse 43dfutsre sl itn 4 eal_evr s;}
  18. 18. SSL - CONFIGslcriiae s_etfct wlcr.r; idadctslcriiaeky s_etfct_e wlcr.e; idadkyslssintmot 5; s_eso_ieu mslssinccesae:S:0; s_eso_ah hrdSL1mslpooosSL3TS1TS11TS12 s_rtcl Sv Lv Lv. Lv.;slpee_evrcpeso; s_rfrsre_ihr nslcpesEDERAAS5-H34AS5-H26R4HG:M5!NL:EH!E s_ihr CH-S-E26SA8:E26SA5:C:IH!D:aUL!D:ASC; GMsled_uv sc511 s_chcre ep2r;
  19. 19. ERROR PAGESerrpg 5051525354/0.tl ro_ae 0 0 0 0 0 50hm;lcto /0.tl{ oain 50hm itra; nenl} STARTUP BONUS:sre { evr sre_ae*etiTigi; evrnm nxBghn.o lcto /0 { oain 50 rtr 50 eun 0; }}
  20. 20. REWRITES HTTPS ALL THE THINGSsre { evr sre_ae _ evrnm ; lse itn 8; 0 rwie^hts/$otrqetuipraet ert tp:/hs$eus_r emnn;} OLDSCHOOLrwie ^ues(+$ /hwue=1 ert /sr/.) so?sr$? ls; at
  21. 21. AUTHlcto /{ oain at_ai "etitd; uhbsc Rsrce" at_ai_srfl /t/gn/ofdmAphpsw; uhbscue_ie ecnixcn./yp.tasd}
  22. 22. LOAD BALANCINGusra wbwres{ ptem e_okr sre ww.xml.o; evr w1eapecm sre ww.xml.o; evr w2eapecm sre ww.xml.o; evr w3eapecm}
  23. 23. LOAD BALANCING LEGACYusra wbwres{ ptem e_okr i_ah phs; sre ww.xml.o; evr w1eapecm sre ww.xml.o; evr w2eapecm sre ww.xml.o; evr w3eapecm}
  24. 24. PROXYlcto /{ oain poyps rx_as ht:/oahs:00 tp/lclot88; poysthae rx_e_edr XRa-P $eoead; -elI rmt_dr poycce rx_ah zn; oe /Dfut /eal: poycceky$ceepoyhs$r$sag$rs rx_ah_e shm$rx_otuii_rsag;}
  25. 25. PHP!
  26. 26. PHP-FPM!?!FastCGI Process Manager
  27. 27. PROCESS MANAGEMENT FOR THE MASSES Think: "supervisord"; But without caringsd atgtisalpp-p uo p-e ntl h5fm/t/h5fmppfmcn ecpp/p/h-p.of/ Dntrsattewbevr rsatpp: / o etr h esre, etr h )sd sriepp-p rsat uo evc h5fm etr
  28. 28. FPM-CONFIG[yp] mAplse =90 itn 00;itnalwdcins=17001 lse.loe_let 2...ue =pp sr hgop=pp ru hrqettriaetmot=1 eus_emnt_ieu 0rqetsolgtmot=1 eus_lwo_ieusolg=/a/o/h-p/yp-lwlg lwo vrlgppfmmApso.o
  29. 29. FPM-CONFIG - PROCESS MANAGEMENTp =dnmc m yaip.a_hlrn=5 mmxcide 0p.tr_evr =5 msatsresp.i_pr_evr =5 mmnsaesresp.a_pr_evr =3 mmxsaesres 5
  30. 30. NGINX + PHPlcto /{ oain fscips atg_as 1700.:00 2..1190; fsciidx atg_ne idxpp ne.h; fsciprm atg_aa SRP_IEAE$ouetro/ne.h; CITFLNM dcmn_otidxpp icue nld fsciprm; atg_aas}
  31. 31. APPLICATION SERVERS!lcto /{ oain fscips atg_as aoteSre:00 nnhrevr90; fsciidx atg_ne idxpp ne.h; fsciprm atg_aa SRP_IEAE$ouetro/ne.h; CITFLNM dcmn_otidxpp icue nld fsciprm; atg_aas}
  32. 32. SCALING!lcto /{ oain fscips atg_as wres okr; fsciidx atg_ne idxpp ne.h; fsciprm atg_aa SRP_IEAE$ouetro/ne.h; CITFLNM dcmn_otidxpp icue nld fsciprm; atg_aas}usra wres{ ptem okr sre evr Ap:00 p190; sre evr Ap:00 p290; sre evr 12181.:00 9.6.0390;}
  33. 33. THANKS HELGI!@hFurther reading:
  34. 34. THANK YOU
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