• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Idioms Eduardo
 

Idioms Eduardo

on

  • 1,526 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,526
Views on SlideShare
1,521
Embed Views
5

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0

2 Embeds 5

http://www.slideshare.net 4
http://eglinv.blogspot.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Idioms Eduardo Idioms Eduardo Presentation Transcript

    • BY EDUARDO CLEVES MONICA GONZAEZ
    •  An IDIOM is a phrase where the words together have a meaning that is different from the dictionary definitions of the individual words. They express special meanings through combinations of old words instead of neologisms. Like proverbs, metaphorical idioms evolve from the collective cultural experiences of a people, some of which are shared with other cultures.
    •  Un modismo es un hábito, una costumbre lingüística, que, como todo hábito, tiene la función de ahorrar energía. Como el hombre es un ser de hábitos, entonces resulta que los modismos están presentes en todas las lenguas y en el habla de todas las personas.
    •  Elrefrán tiene un sentido pedagógico. Tiende a educar. Por ejemplo: A quien madruga Dios le ayuda. Este refrán nos dice que deberíamos ser madrugadores, diligentes, activos para alcanzar algunos beneficios. Zapatero, a tus zapatos. Este nos dice que las personas deben hacer aquello para lo que están preparadas.
    •  Elrefrán suele tener rima. Esto se debe a que la rima refuerza el aprendizaje, la memorización y el recuerdo. Por ejemplo: Juego de manos, juego de villanos. Un modismo, en cambio, no educa, no tiene esa intención. Describe una situación, un rasgo de personalidad y nada más. Por ejemplo: Ser un puerco o comer más que un remordimiento.
    • ESPAÑOL ENGLISH METER LA PATA BLOW IT TOMAR EL PELO PULL ONE´S LEG EN MENOS DE LO QUE CANTA UN IN THE SHAKE OF A LAMB´S TAIL GALLO ME IMPORTA UN BLEDO I DON´T GIVE A DAMN COMO QUITARLE UN PELO A UN GATO LIKE A DROP IN THE BUCKET DAR EN EL CLAVO HITTING THE NAIL ON THE HEAD LA CARNE THE BURRO NO ES I CAN´T SEE THROUGH YOU TRANSPARENTE METER LAS MANOS AL FUEGO TO STICK YOUR NECK OUT
    •  Someexpressions are treated as idioms merely because their construction is fixed. In Lo mató a sangre fría there is no particular semantic o sintactic reason for the use of a; it does not have its literal meaning(s), is not requiered by the transitivity of matar or the nature of sangre, and does not reflect the speaker’s choice of this Preposition over de, con, hacia, or another preposition with a distant message. A sangre fría is a set expression and a is an integral part of it, just like the in of the corresponding English in cold blood
    •  Other expressions seem idiomatic not because their meaning or construction is totally arbitrary but because their usual sense is more specific than grammar alone might predict.  For example, in both languages the combining of “give” with “hand” in a sentence opens up a wide range of potential meanings, including the literal one. English has specifically narrowed down give a hand to assistance or applause, Whereas Spanish has settled on two different meanings depending on the context: LET´S :
    • Dale una mano que lo necesita Dale una mano a ver cómo queda  Thetwo meanings would be help and manual application of paint. The narrowed senses are both logical in their own way and might be inferred from context, but they are not predictable from Dar + Mano, nor do they match.
    •  Meaning: To be very easy, if something is a piece of cake, it is very easy to do.
    •  What's the girl's name there? Wait a second, it's on the tip of my tongue. ... Yes! Her name is Joanne.  Meaning: Cannot remember something such as a word or the name of a person although you think you know it and you will remember it soon. If you say something is on the tip of your tongue, you mean you can almost remember it but not right away.
    • ( They were talking about someone and he just came in the room.) Speak of the devil! We were just talking about you! How did you know that?  Meaning: You say quot;Speak of the devilquot; when someone you have been talking about comes in the room unexpectedly.
    •  A: Do you think she'll ever come back and work with us again? B: When pigs fly she will. (She will never come back again.)  Meaning: Never. If you say when pigs fly, you mean something will never happen. People sometimes say, quot;And pigs might flyquot; to mean something a person just said will never happen or is impossible.
    •  They didn't cancel the game even though it was raining cats and dogs. It will rain cats and dogs tomorrow, but he will go to work as usual.  Meaning: To rain very heavily, if you say quot;It's raining cats and dogs,quot; you mean it is raining very heavily.
    •  I heard 4 government officials were arrested for bribery yesterday. It's just the tip of the iceberg. Many more are doing the same thing.  Meaning: Something that shows or suggests a much larger problem. If you say quot;It is just the tip of the iceberg,quot; you mean that what you see is just a small part of something that is actually much bigger than it seems.
    • 1. “Eso es harina de otro costal” equivale en inglés a: A. That's flour from another sack. B. That’s a different story. C. Like carrying coals to Newcastle. D. To go off with a bang and out like a light.
    •  2. In the sentence “the noise of a fly when I try to sleep drives me up the wall, the underlined idiom is equivalent to the spanish: A. Me da contra la pared. B. Me hace ver estrellas. C. Me saca de quicio. D. Me pone nervioso.
    •  3. “Le patina el coco” y “se le safó un tornillo” son modismos del español que en inglés equivalen a: A. His coconut (head) slips. B. His mind is skating. C. He has his head on wheels. D. He has a screw loose.
    •  4. My sister flies off the handle easily, means: A. Mi hermana se sale de los chiros fácilmente. B. Mi hermana se nos vuela con frecuencia. C. Mi hermana es una mosca muerta. D. A Mi hermana se le corre el shampú.
    •  5. “I’m in John’s bad books for scratching his new car” means: A. John me lleva en el libro malo por haberle rayado el carro. B. Estoy en la lista negra de John por haberle rayado el carro. C. Le saqué la piedra a John por haberle rayado el carro. D. John me echó la madre por haberle rayado el carro.
    •  6. “Vivito y coleando” tiene su equivalencia en el inglés como: A. Alive and wagging tail. B. Alive and tailing. C. Alive and kicking. D. Living and kicking.
    •  7. “Llorar sobre la leche derramada” es lo mismo en inglés a: A. To have more wool than a lamb. B. To want more than you can have. C. To cry over spilt milk. D. To spilt the milk and cry on it.
    •  8. “Between the devil and the deep blue sea” se traduce al español como: A. Entre el mar y el infierno. B. Entre el cielo y la tierra. C. Entre la espada y la pared. D. Entre el amor y el odio.
    •  9. “Matar dos pájaros de un tiro” es lo mismo en inglés que: A. To kill two birds with one shoot. B. To kill two birds with one stone. C. To shoot two birds with one shot. D. To shoot and kill a bird.
    •  10. “Julia has a crush on Peter” means: A. Peter le cae gordo a Julia. B. Peter vuelve loco a Julia. C. Julia no se aguanta a Peter. D. Julia está tragada de Peter.
    • ENGLISH SPANISH LITERAL T. That’s a different story Eso es harina de otro costal That's flour from another sack. Drives me up the wall Me saca de quicio Me conduce hasta la pared I’m in Jef’s bad books Estoy en la lista negra de Jef Estoy en el libro malo de Jef Alive and kicking Vivito y coleando Living and kicking To cry over spilt milk Llorar sobre leche To cry over the spilt milk derramada I can’t see through you La carne de burro no es No puedo ver a través de ti transparente Between the devil and the deep Entre la espada y la pared Entre el diablo y el profundo blue sea azul del mar He has a screw loose Se le safó un tornillo His coconut (head) slips.