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Clauses
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  • 1. What is a clause? A clause is a group of related words containing a subject and a verb . It is different from a phrase in that a phrase does not include a subject and a verb relationship.
  • 2. Clauses come in different types: Independent [ or main ], Dependent [ or Subordinate ]
    • INDEPENDENT :
    • Main clauses has a subject and a predicate and expresses a complete thought.
    • It is the only type of clause that can sand alone as a sentence.
    • Conjunction cannot be include in your clauses.
    • Every main clause will follow this pattern:
    • subject + verb = complete thought.
    • Examples :
    • Lazy students whine. Students = subject; whine = verb.
    • My dog loves pizza crusts . Dog = subject; loves = verb.
  • 3. A subordinate clause will follow this pattern: subordinate conjunction + subject + verb = in complete thought. Examples: Whenever lazy students whine. Whenever = subordinate conjunction; students = subject; whine = verb. Because my dog loves pizza crusts. Because = subordinate conjunction; dog = subject; loves = verb.
    • 2. DEPENDENT:
    • Has a subject and a predicate, but DOES NOT express a complete thought.
    • It cannot stad alone as a sentence.
  • 4. There are 3 types of dependent clauses: Adjectives clause, adverb clause and noun clauses.
    • Adjectives clauses:
    • Modifies (describes) a noun or a pronoun.
    • May begin with a relative pronoun ( Who, whom, whose, that and which) or a relative adverb ( when , where , or why)
    • Normally follows the word it modifies.
    A adjetctive clause will follow this pattern: relative pronoun or adverb + s ubject + verb = in complete thought Examples: Whom Mrs. Russell hit in the head with a chalk eraser. Whom = relative pronoun; Mrs. Russell = subject; hit = verb. Where he chews and drools with great enthusiasm. Where = relative adverb; he = subject; chews , drools = verbs.
  • 5.
    • There are two types of adjectives : essential or nonessential
    • a) Adjective essential:
    • Is necessary to make the meaning of a sentence clear.
    • It must not be set off by commas..
    • Example:
    • A dog that eats too much pizza will soon develop pepperoni breath.
    • b) Adjective nonessential:
    • Is not necessary to make the meaning of a sentence clear.
    • Always use commas to set off a nonessential clause.
    • Example:
    • My dog Floyd , who eats too much pizza, has developed pepperoni breath.
  • 6.
    • 2. Adverb clauses:
    • Modifies (describes) a verb, and adjective or an adverb.
    • It tells when, where, how, why, to what extent, or under what conditions.
    • Examples:
    • Before I took the test, I studied for a long hour.
    • While walking, she listens to the radio.
    • 3. Nouns clauses:
    • Is used as a noun within the main clause of a sentence.
    • You can use a noun clause as a subject, a direct and indirect object, an object of a preposition or a predicate nominate.
    • Example:
    • You really do not want to know what Aunt Nancy adds to her stew .
  • 7. ¡Gracias!
  • 8. Shirly Villarruel L. Liliana Goretty Sanchez