What is a clause? A clause is a group of related words containing a subject and a verb . It is different from a phrase in that a phrase does not include a subject and a verb relationship.
Clauses come in different types: Independent [ or main ], Dependent [ or Subordinate ]
Main clauses has a subject and a predicate and expresses a complete thought.
It is the only type of clause that can sand alone as a sentence.
Conjunction cannot be include in your clauses.
Every main clause will follow this pattern:
subject + verb = complete thought.
Lazy students whine. Students = subject; whine = verb.
My dog loves pizza crusts . Dog = subject; loves = verb.
A subordinate clause will follow this pattern: subordinate conjunction + subject + verb = in complete thought. Examples: Whenever lazy students whine. Whenever = subordinate conjunction; students = subject; whine = verb. Because my dog loves pizza crusts. Because = subordinate conjunction; dog = subject; loves = verb.
Has a subject and a predicate, but DOES NOT express a complete thought.
It cannot stad alone as a sentence.
There are 3 types of dependent clauses: Adjectives clause, adverb clause and noun clauses.
Modifies (describes) a noun or a pronoun.
May begin with a relative pronoun ( Who, whom, whose, that and which) or a relative adverb ( when , where , or why)
Normally follows the word it modifies.
A adjetctive clause will follow this pattern: relative pronoun or adverb + s ubject + verb = in complete thought Examples: Whom Mrs. Russell hit in the head with a chalk eraser. Whom = relative pronoun; Mrs. Russell = subject; hit = verb. Where he chews and drools with great enthusiasm. Where = relative adverb; he = subject; chews , drools = verbs.