Will Free Benefit the Rich?          Justin Reich             @bjfr     EdTechResearcher.org       Fellow, #Berkman    Co-...
Closing Gaps                                 Rising Tide            Affluent students                                     ...
What do you think might be         happening?Where can research help us move past speculation?
WILL TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONAMELIORATE OR EXACERBATEEDUCATIONAL EQUALITY?
Case Study of Classroom WikisAccess:                           Usage: Do students in schools              Do wikis created...
Assessing wiki access                Do you use a blog or wiki?        Do you have students                               ...
LearningLearning           EdTech Innovation              EdTech Innovation
Assessing Wiki UsageReich, J; Murnane, R; Willet, J. (Forthcoming) The state of wiki usage in U.S., K-12 schools: Leveragi...
Wiki Quality Instrument• Information Consumption   – Do students use wikis to get information? links?• Participation   – D...
Wiki Type         Low Income     Mid to High                             Schools    Income Schools                        ...
Wikis created in mid to high  income schoolsWikis created in low incomeschools
Closing Gaps                         Rising Tide           Affluent students                                              ...
Key Findings from 25 years of Education           Technology Research• When provided with a        • In affluent homes and...
IF TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONEXACERBATESINEQUALITY, SHOULD WE CARE?
Rising Tide vs. Larry Cuban                               LearningLearning           EdTech Innovation              EdTech...
Opportunity Gap vs. Preparation Gap                                  LearningLearning              EdTech Innovation      ...
Rising Tide vs. Trickle Down                               LearningLearning           EdTech Innovation              EdTec...
What effects will inequalities have on data-driven design?
LearningLearning           EdTech Innovation              EdTech Innovation
LearningLearning           EdTech Innovation              EdTech Innovation
HOW COULD WE DESIGN ANDDELIVER TECHNOLOGYINNOVATIONS SO THAT THEY DOIMPROVE EQUALITY?
Leadership Public Schools
TechGoesHome
Glitch Game Testers
Back Deck
Differences in networked technology                    Low Poverty        Medium Poverty         High Povertyresources amo...
Composite           Information     Student                         New Media      Complex              n                 ...
Picture Credits• Historic Strawberry School:  http://www.flickr.com/photos/alanenglish/5066943664/in/  set-721576230909727...
March 3Microsoft New England Research   July-August, 2012    and Development Center       Harvard University        Cambri...
Will free benefit the rich
Will free benefit the rich
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Will free benefit the rich

1,027

Published on

Slides accompanying talk at the Berkman Center: Webcast details here: http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/events/luncheon/2012/01/reich

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,027
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Take questions on twitter, Incredible exciting time to be in education, so much potential, good time for the field/movement to wrestle with questions of equity
  • Cathedral vs. Bazaar
  • Will free benefit the rich

    1. 1. Will Free Benefit the Rich? Justin Reich @bjfr EdTechResearcher.org Fellow, #Berkman Co-Founder and Director, EdTechTeacher
    2. 2. Closing Gaps Rising Tide Affluent students Affluent students LearningLearning Low-income Low-income students students EdTech Innovation EdTech Innovation 1) Will technology innovation ameliorate or exacerbate educational equality? 2) If technology innovation exacerbates inequality, should we care? 3) How could we design and deliver technology innovations so that they do improve equality?
    3. 3. What do you think might be happening?Where can research help us move past speculation?
    4. 4. WILL TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONAMELIORATE OR EXACERBATEEDUCATIONAL EQUALITY?
    5. 5. Case Study of Classroom WikisAccess: Usage: Do students in schools Do wikis created in serving different schools serving different populations have populations provide equitable access to equitable opportunities wikis? for learning? Exemplar: Flat Classroom Project http://fcp11-3.flatclassroomproject.org/WFS+Wiki+A
    6. 6. Assessing wiki access Do you use a blog or wiki? Do you have students contribute to a blog or wiki?School Rarely Sometimes Rarely Sometimes%FRPL<35% 22 17 12 1135-49% 23 16 11 850-74% 20 14 13 775-100% 22 17 13 9Gray, N., Thomas, N., Lewis, L; Teachers Use of Educational Technology inU.S. Public Schools: 2009, NCES 2010040Fast Response System Survey:http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2010040
    7. 7. LearningLearning EdTech Innovation EdTech Innovation
    8. 8. Assessing Wiki UsageReich, J; Murnane, R; Willet, J. (Forthcoming) The state of wiki usage in U.S., K-12 schools: Leveraging Web 2.0 data warehouses to assess quality and equity in online learning environments. Educational ResearcherData: 179,851 Publicly- Instrument: WikiViewable, Education- Quality Instrument,Related Wikis from measures opportunitiesPbworks.com for students to developSample: 255 wikis from deeper learningU.S. K-12 Public competenciesSchools • Expert Thinking • Complex Communication • New Media Literacy
    9. 9. Wiki Quality Instrument• Information Consumption – Do students use wikis to get information? links?• Participation – Do students contribute to the wiki? Do they own any or all pages?• Expert thinking: – Do students use academic content knowledge in wiki activities? – Do students reflect on the process/product?• Complex Communication/Collaboration: – Do students concatenate text on pages? – Do they substantively edit each others work and co-create pages?• New Media Literacy: – Do students use formatting? – Do they hyperlink? – Do they embed multimedia?
    10. 10. Wiki Type Low Income Mid to High Schools Income Schools (n=117) (n=133)Failed or Trial Wiki 50% 30%Teacher-Content Wiki 34% 35%Individual Student-Owned 15% 35%WikiCollaborative Student – 2% 1%Owned Wiki
    11. 11. Wikis created in mid to high income schoolsWikis created in low incomeschools
    12. 12. Closing Gaps Rising Tide Affluent students Affluent students LearningLearning Low-income Low-income students students EdTech Innovation EdTech Innovation
    13. 13. Key Findings from 25 years of Education Technology Research• When provided with a • In affluent homes and new technology, teachers schools, technology is typically use the more likely to be used for technology to extend higher-order skill existing practices rather development with more than to innovate (Larry adult supervision than in Cuban, Judith Sandholtz) lower income homes and school (Harold Wenglinsky, Paul Attewell, Mark Warschauer)
    14. 14. IF TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONEXACERBATESINEQUALITY, SHOULD WE CARE?
    15. 15. Rising Tide vs. Larry Cuban LearningLearning EdTech Innovation EdTech Innovation
    16. 16. Opportunity Gap vs. Preparation Gap LearningLearning EdTech Innovation EdTech Innovation
    17. 17. Rising Tide vs. Trickle Down LearningLearning EdTech Innovation EdTech Innovation
    18. 18. What effects will inequalities have on data-driven design?
    19. 19. LearningLearning EdTech Innovation EdTech Innovation
    20. 20. LearningLearning EdTech Innovation EdTech Innovation
    21. 21. HOW COULD WE DESIGN ANDDELIVER TECHNOLOGYINNOVATIONS SO THAT THEY DOIMPROVE EQUALITY?
    22. 22. Leadership Public Schools
    23. 23. TechGoesHome
    24. 24. Glitch Game Testers
    25. 25. Back Deck
    26. 26. Differences in networked technology Low Poverty Medium Poverty High Povertyresources among public school districts Districts Districts Districts (>20%) (<10%) (11-20%)Provide teachers with their own server space forposting their own Web pages or class materials (Elementary 90% 81% 74% Secondary) 92% 84% 74%Provide students with electronic storage space 76% 60% 50%on a server 92% 85% 72%Provide students with online access to the 82% 69% 66%library catalogue 92% 82% 72%Provide students online access to databases (for 71% 58% 53%library resources) 79% 67% 57%Employ an individual responsible for educationtechnology leadership (Full Time 60% 48% 47% Part Time 26% 35% 33% None) 13% 17% 20%SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Fast Response Survey System (FRSS),“Educational Technology in Public School Districts, Fall 2008,” FRSS 93, 2008.
    27. 27. Composite Information Student New Media Complex n Expert ThinkingWQI Score Consumption Participation Literacy Communication(24 items) (2 items) (4 items) (5 items) (6 items) (7 items) 0 102 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 49 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2 37 1.9 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 3 6 0.8 1.0 0.0 0.8 0.3 4 4 0.0 2.5 0.5 1.0 0.0 5 4 0.3 2.5 1.3 1.0 0.0 6 5 0.0 3.0 1.2 1.8 0.0 7 7 0.7 2.6 1.6 1.7 0.4 8 5 0.4 2.6 2.4 2.6 0.0 9 9 0.3 3.1 2.6 3.0 0.0 10 7 0.4 3.0 2.9 3.4 0.3 11 11 0.3 3.1 2.7 4.5 0.5 12 3 1.3 3.3 3.7 3.0 0.7 13 3 2.0 3.7 2.3 4.7 0.3 14 0 15 0 16 0 17 2 1.0 3.5 3.5 3.5 5.5 18 0 19 1 2.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 7.0 20 0 21 0 22 0 23 0
    28. 28. Picture Credits• Historic Strawberry School: http://www.flickr.com/photos/alanenglish/5066943664/in/ set-72157623090972731• Brains: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_mKpSkn3PTaI/Snnpamgsz5I/ AAAAAAAABLk/wHALn8m1oNc/s400/braiiins.jpg• High tech high classroom: http://newsletter.hightechhigh.org/10-20-2005/index.php
    29. 29. March 3Microsoft New England Research July-August, 2012 and Development Center Harvard University Cambridge, MA Cambridge, MA
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×