Conclusions for Topic 3: Practical Tools for conservation and local development

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Conclusions for Topic 3: Practical Tools for conservation and local development
2nd European Ecotourism Conference
23-25 October 2013, Romania

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Conclusions for Topic 3: Practical Tools for conservation and local development

  1. 1. Topic 3: Practical tools for conservation and local development
  2. 2. Principles that maximize benefits • Strenghten partnerships between stakeholders. Not everybody has to be in, but everybody has to be invited; • Differentiate between „quality destinations”, whith and whitout PAs; • Calculate benefits and costs (ecological footprint) of ecotourism and communicate them; • Promote and use the ecosystem services framework. Involve researchers;
  3. 3. Practical methods (1) • Carrying capacity. Tools and principles; • Strenghten criteria related to CO2 reduction and Carbon offsetting. E.g. global travel to a ecotourism destination; • Zoning and correlation with offers and products. Marketing/de-marketing; • Highlight the value of nature in the ecotourism product: 1. communication to tourists; 2. awareness raising of service providers.
  4. 4. Practical methods (2) • Visitor payback: - mechanism (conservation funds); - ecotourism product including conservation activities (active participation); - ecotourism product involving environmental research activities (birds counting); - PAs outsourcing tourism activities based on contracts; - promotion of community ecotourism leaders: 1. own initiatives (networking); 2. rural development animators (LEADER). • Creation of an association of friends of the park (opinion leaders included). • Voluntary services/companies/projects to do conservation activities needed in PAs (info shared through DMO).
  5. 5. Practical methods (3) • Certification of: - sustainable tourism products and destinations; - sustainable natural resources management (FSC, MSC). Strong points of certification: - Agreement on principles; - Implementation based on indicators; - Definition of time frames and goals; - Definition of responsibilities; - Education process; - Allows networking; - Important to transmit real perception that local authorities are involved.
  6. 6. How to avoid conflicts • DMO role (ToR/manual + models): - to discuss/negociate stakeholder’s plans; - to chose a sustainable development path (identity, values, ownership) NOT conservation vs development; - to lead the process; - information link/transfer in order to fundraise for conservation needs. • DMO structure: - local actors (PA managers, local authorities, entrepreneurs); - agreement/recognition by Government. • Multiplier effect by using local services to keep money in the destination area (quality not quantity).

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