Charter Parks


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Author: Carol Ritchie (Europarc Federation)
Plenary session presentation
2nd European Ecotourism Conference
23-25 October 2013, Romania

Published in: Education, Technology, Travel
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Charter Parks

  1. 1. Snowdonia Wales Kemeri , Latvia Jostedalsbreen Norway Skaftafell Iceland Variety of landscapes, embedded in cultural identity. Often sculpted by nature and shaped by people. Influenced course of history, inspired artists and thinkers and enriched lives. They are our natural life support system. Ferto hansag Hungary These protected areas represent the land that is our inheritance , - we hold it in trust for those who come after us. Cevennes, France La Albufera Spain Goreme Turkey Triglav Slovenia Piatra Ciaiului Romania
  2. 2. EUROPARC is the leading European organisation for protected areas bringing together dedicated professionals, agencies, academics and decision makers. Our mission is… increase effectiveness in conserving and enhancing natural and cultural heritage, for the well-being and benefit of future generations
  3. 3. Nature knows no EUROPARC is founded on the principle that the future protection and conservation of nature is achieved through INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION. International cooperation works best through PERSONAL CONTACT. That through personal contact comes MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING, SHARED EXPERIENCES , KNOWLEDGE AND INNOVATION. This delivers better support and management of protected areas which ensures the FUTURE PROTECTION AND CONSERVATION OF NATURE . .. because Nature knows no boundaries.........
  4. 4. • Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment 1972 •IUCN World Conservation Strategy 1980 •Bruntland Commission. 1984 •Our Common Future •"Sustainable development •is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs". •Earth Summit 1992, Local Agenda 21, CBD
  5. 5. EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020
  6. 6. 1991 1993 Working Group on Sustainable Tourism EUROPARC “Loving them to death – Sustainable Tourism in Europe's Nature and National Parks” 1995 Development of the Charter methodology (LIFE project with the French Federation of RNP) 2001 First 7 Protected Areas achieve the Charter for Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas 2008/9 2013 Methodology developed and the first Charter Business Partners Methodology for Tour operators in development
  7. 7. The European Charter for Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas The central element of the Charter is a multi - stakeholder process to involve all those affected by tourism in its development and management. All actors work together in a permanent forum. This means involving local communities and businesses in the planning of the tourism .
  8. 8. The European Charter for Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas Charter Parks in numbers First 6 parks awarded in 2001 Today 119 Charter Parks in 13 countries 38 Spain 26 France 20 Italy 13 UK 6 Portugal 4 Germany 3 Finland 3 Netherlands 2 Lithuania 1 Latvia 1 Denmark 1 Norway 1 Slovakia
  9. 9. The Key Fundamentals of the Charter for Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas are The 4 P’s •Protection of the Natural and Cultural Heritage •Participation by ALL Actors •Partnership with shared goals and vision •Planning................
  10. 10. Partnership
  11. 11. Parc Natural de la Zona Volcànica de la Garrotxa - Spain What were the challenges? • lack of co-ordination in the tourism sector of the area; • rather bad and conflicting relationship between tourism; businesses and public administrations • low level of professionalism in many of the tourism businesses. Spain’s coastal tourism development, in some areas, shows how UNSUSTAINABLE tourism development can be and the dangers and damages it can produce.
  12. 12. The Charter for Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas ......... NOW More then 80% of tourism businesses in La Garrotxa involved in the process all the town councils, the park administrative bodies: Turisme Garrotxa, a private association, was created: • to promote a sustainable tourism model of development based on a quality offer and emphasising respect for nature and environment. • all partners pay fees !!!
  13. 13. The incentive of the European Charter for Sustainable Tourism, which: giving a framework of reference demanding co-operative work providing a connection with others European parks With many actions for excellence in sustainable tourism development a 5 years lasting program in co-operation with all the tourism stakeholders The Charter gave us a common vision -To establish a bridge linking protected areas with local populations, increasing local welfare and involving at the same time local tourism businesses, in conservation aims and activities Economic Social Environmental
  14. 14. 99Million of public and private investment was made in the area over the 10 year period 13million through the Charter alone The money supply generated by tourism in the municipalities of Garrotxa during the period between 2001-2010 was 700 million euros. In terms of employment were generated, the sum of the period between 2001 and 2010, a total of 8,500 jobs, 70% of them by the direct effect of tourism, 22 % for the indirect effect of tourism and 8% due to the effect of tourism Investment in the tourism industry and the subsequent economic benefit derived, in La Garrotxa would not have happened were it not for the fact of the Charter.
  15. 15. Main achievments of Charter • Successful implementation of the 10 principles of the Charter for over ten years • Involvement of over 3.200 private and public businesses and organizations in 107 Sustainable Tourism Forums • Recognition of the Charter Partner Status to more than 400 tourism business actively involved in Charter protected areas in Sp, Fr and UK • Charter Network and joint international project activities • External verifiers and an independent Charter Evaluation Committee
  16. 16. 2008-682M tourist visits globally European holidays destinations Spain (12%), Italy (8%) and France (7%) are still the most preferred destinations, and 51% of Europeans plan to take a holiday in their own country. Natural features such as the landscape and weather (44%) are most likely to make Europeans consider returning to the same place for a holiday. Europeans are most likely to be satisfied with the natural features (95%) and the quality of the accommodation (92%) on their main holiday of at least four nights in 2012.
  17. 17. One Degree of Difference