The Vandals Stephanie Criddle Ecomuseum Cap de Cavalleria, Menorca Session 1, May 2012
Origins East Germanic tribe 5th and 6th centuries “Wanderers”
Migration 400/401 AD Moved West probably under pressure from the Huns and in search of new land. Travelled through Europe as refugees until reaching the South of Spain. “Vandalusia”
Geiseric/Gaiseric/Genseric c. 389 – 477 AD “Caesar King” 429 AD Invasion of North Africa due to its wealthy cities, olive groves and grain fields. 439 AD Occupation of Carthage Control of the Mediterranean
Sacking Of Rome• 455 AD• Kidnap of the imperial women ie. Empress Eudoxia and her daughters• Looting of gold and silver
Vandalism Sacking of Rome Continuity of Roman culture Lack of visible cultural Poetry heritage Secular Literature Persecution of Orthodox Little evidence of persecution Christians
Coins Mostly silver and bronze Small Reused Roman coins
End of the Vandals• 534 AD Loss of Carthage to Emperor Justinian and friends.
References• Berndt, G. M. and Steinacher, R. (2008), Minting in Vandal North Africa: coins of the Vandal period in the Coin Cabinet of Viennas Kunsthistorisches Museum. Early Medieval Europe, 16: 252–298.• Bigelow, Poultney (1918). Genseric, king of the Vandals and first Prussian Kaiser. New York: G.P. Putnams Sons.• Clover, Frank M. and R.S. Humphreys, eds, Tradition and Innovation in Late Antiquity (University of Wisconsin Press) 1989• George, Judith (2004), "Vandal Poets in their Context", Vandals, Romans and Berbers: New Perspectives on Late Antique North Africa, Ashgate Publishing, pp. 133–144• Merrills, A. H. "The Origins of ‘Vandalism’1." International Journal Of The Classical Tradition 16, no. 2 (June 2009): 155-175. Academic Search Elite, EBSCOhost (accessed April 30, 2012).• Merrills, Andy; Miles, Richard (2010), The Vandals, John Wiley & Sons• "Gaiseric." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (November 2011): 1. Academic Search Elite, EBSCOhost (accessed April 30, 2012).