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Paleochristian Basilicas of Menorca and Their Relation to Near East<br />Maral Javan<br />Session #1    <br />
Menorcan Basilicas<br /><ul><li>Menorca, an exceptional case of early Christian churches.
 Among the most important are:  Son Bou, Fornes Torello, l'Illa del Rei, Puerto de Fornells, Sanitja and Es Cap de Port. <...
Crossroads between the Mediterranean sea routes.
 Widespread Christianity throughout the island. </li></li></ul><li>Relations Between Menorca and Near East<br /><ul><li>Im...
 The arrival of Stephen's relics from Palestine to Menorca
The Jewish community of Menorca. Compulsory conversion of Jews to Christianity.
 Bishop Severus of Menorca's Letter 13. </li></li></ul><li>Relations Between Menorca and Near East<br />Mosaic from Basili...
The mosaic floors of Es Fornas de Torell and La Illeta del Rei depict two lions symmetrically facing the Tree of Life, als...
Syrian Paleochristian Basilicas<br /><ul><li> The Syrian basilica model with three naves spread across northern Africa and...
Orientation west to east with semi-circular apse. Occasionally square chambers: the diaconicon, on the south side; and the...
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Session no. 1, 2011: Paleochristian basilicas of Menorca, by Maral Javan

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Transcript of "Session no. 1, 2011: Paleochristian basilicas of Menorca, by Maral Javan"

  1. 1. Paleochristian Basilicas of Menorca and Their Relation to Near East<br />Maral Javan<br />Session #1 <br />
  2. 2. Menorcan Basilicas<br /><ul><li>Menorca, an exceptional case of early Christian churches.
  3. 3. Among the most important are: Son Bou, Fornes Torello, l'Illa del Rei, Puerto de Fornells, Sanitja and Es Cap de Port. </li></li></ul><li>Spread of Christianity to Menorca <br /><ul><li>313 AD the Edict of Milan
  4. 4. Crossroads between the Mediterranean sea routes.
  5. 5. Widespread Christianity throughout the island. </li></li></ul><li>Relations Between Menorca and Near East<br /><ul><li>Importance of Palestine in the 4th century.
  6. 6. The arrival of Stephen's relics from Palestine to Menorca
  7. 7. The Jewish community of Menorca. Compulsory conversion of Jews to Christianity.
  8. 8. Bishop Severus of Menorca's Letter 13. </li></li></ul><li>Relations Between Menorca and Near East<br />Mosaic from Basilica of <br />Fornas de Torello<br />Mosaic from Synagogue of <br />Hamman Lif<br />
  9. 9. The mosaic floors of Es Fornas de Torell and La Illeta del Rei depict two lions symmetrically facing the Tree of Life, also depicted in the synagogue of Nirim, near Gaza. <br />Mosaic from Basilica of Fornas de Torello<br />Mosaic from Synagogue of Nirim<br />
  10. 10. Syrian Paleochristian Basilicas<br /><ul><li> The Syrian basilica model with three naves spread across northern Africa and also reached the Balearic Islands.
  11. 11. Orientation west to east with semi-circular apse. Occasionally square chambers: the diaconicon, on the south side; and the prothesis, on the north side.
  12. 12. The three most important Syrian basilicas were: Qalb Lozeh, Turmanin and Kalat Seman. </li></li></ul><li>Qalb Lozeh & Turmanin (NW Syria)<br /><ul><li> The original Syrian model of the broad-aisled basilicas. They contained many features found later in European basilicas.
  13. 13. The basic layout of the buildings is a rectangular hall having an apse with the hall divided into three sections by pillars and arches, rather than by a series of columns.</li></li></ul><li>Basilica of St. Sergius (Abu Serga)Cairo, Egypt<br /><ul><li>4th century basilica with three naves and 2 aisles which are separated from the nave by 12 columns with Corinthian capitals. There are 3 Sanctuaries on the east side.</li></li></ul><li>Basilica of Son Bou<br /><ul><li> 5th Century basilica with evidence of foreign influence. A rectangular basilica oriented west to east with three naves, 12 columns. The two chapels attached to the apse correspond to the Prothesis and Diaconicon room.</li></li></ul><li>References<br />http://www.menorcaweb.net/arqueologia/menorca%20cast/arqmc191.htm<br />http://menorca.infotelecom.es/~ecampins/Menorca/Historia/Cristianismo.html<br />http://www.doredin.mec.es/documentos/00820073009277.pdf<br />http://www.1romanico.com/004/monumentor.asp?MONU=002085&ruta=192<br />http://antropos.galeon.com/html/visigotica.htm<br /> http://www.bisbatdemenorca.com/historia_cast.htm<br />http://www.jimbojack.com/Countries/Syria/Syria_Dead_Cities_02.htm<br />http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/DRO_ECG/EARLY_CHRISTIAN_WORK_IN_CENTRAL.html<br />http://www.amcoptic.com/n2007/old-coptic-church-in-cairo.htm<br />http://www.freefictionbooks.org/books/e/22725-encyclopaedia-britannica-11th-edition-volume-2-slice-4-aram-eugene-to-arcueil?start=171<br />http://www.1romanico.com/004/monumentor.asp?MONU=002085&ruta=192<br />http://arts.tau.ac.il/departments/images/stories/journals/arthistory/Assaph3/09blazquez.pdf<br />
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